x264.c 36.6 KB
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/*****************************************************************************
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 * x264: h264 encoder testing program.
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 *****************************************************************************
 * Copyright (C) 2003 Laurent Aimar
 * $Id: x264.c,v 1.1 2004/06/03 19:24:12 fenrir Exp $
 *
 * Authors: Laurent Aimar <fenrir@via.ecp.fr>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111, USA.
 *****************************************************************************/

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <math.h>

#include <signal.h>
#define _GNU_SOURCE
#include <getopt.h>

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#include "common/common.h"
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#include "common/cpu.h"
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#include "x264.h"
#include "muxers.h"
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#ifndef _MSC_VER
#include "config.h"
#endif

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uint8_t *mux_buffer = NULL;
int mux_buffer_size = 0;
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/* Ctrl-C handler */
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static int     b_ctrl_c = 0;
static int     b_exit_on_ctrl_c = 0;
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static void    SigIntHandler( int a )
{
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    if( b_exit_on_ctrl_c )
        exit(0);
    b_ctrl_c = 1;
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}

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typedef struct {
    int b_progress;
    int i_seek;
    hnd_t hin;
    hnd_t hout;
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    FILE *qpfile;
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} cli_opt_t;

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/* input file operation function pointers */
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int (*p_open_infile)( char *psz_filename, hnd_t *p_handle, x264_param_t *p_param );
int (*p_get_frame_total)( hnd_t handle );
int (*p_read_frame)( x264_picture_t *p_pic, hnd_t handle, int i_frame );
int (*p_close_infile)( hnd_t handle );
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/* output file operation function pointers */
static int (*p_open_outfile)( char *psz_filename, hnd_t *p_handle );
static int (*p_set_outfile_param)( hnd_t handle, x264_param_t *p_param );
static int (*p_write_nalu)( hnd_t handle, uint8_t *p_nal, int i_size );
static int (*p_set_eop)( hnd_t handle, x264_picture_t *p_picture );
static int (*p_close_outfile)( hnd_t handle );

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static void Help( x264_param_t *defaults, int b_longhelp );
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static int  Parse( int argc, char **argv, x264_param_t *param, cli_opt_t *opt );
static int  Encode( x264_param_t *param, cli_opt_t *opt );
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/****************************************************************************
 * main:
 ****************************************************************************/
int main( int argc, char **argv )
{
    x264_param_t param;
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    cli_opt_t opt;
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    int ret;

#ifdef PTW32_STATIC_LIB
    pthread_win32_process_attach_np();
    pthread_win32_thread_attach_np();
#endif
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#ifdef _MSC_VER
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    _setmode(_fileno(stdin), _O_BINARY);
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    _setmode(_fileno(stdout), _O_BINARY);
#endif

    x264_param_default( &param );

    /* Parse command line */
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    if( Parse( argc, argv, &param, &opt ) < 0 )
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        return -1;

    /* Control-C handler */
    signal( SIGINT, SigIntHandler );

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    ret = Encode( &param, &opt );

#ifdef PTW32_STATIC_LIB
    pthread_win32_thread_detach_np();
    pthread_win32_process_detach_np();
#endif

    return ret;
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}

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static char const *strtable_lookup( const char * const table[], int index )
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{
    int i = 0; while( table[i] ) i++;
    return ( ( index >= 0 && index < i ) ? table[ index ] : "???" );
}

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/*****************************************************************************
 * Help:
 *****************************************************************************/
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static void Help( x264_param_t *defaults, int b_longhelp )
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{
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#define H0 printf
#define H1 if(b_longhelp) printf
    H0( "x264 core:%d%s\n"
        "Syntax: x264 [options] -o outfile infile [widthxheight]\n"
        "\n"
        "Infile can be raw YUV 4:2:0 (in which case resolution is required),\n"
        "  or YUV4MPEG 4:2:0 (*.y4m),\n"
        "  or AVI or Avisynth if compiled with AVIS support (%s).\n"
        "Outfile type is selected by filename:\n"
        " .264 -> Raw bytestream\n"
        " .mkv -> Matroska\n"
        " .mp4 -> MP4 if compiled with GPAC support (%s)\n"
        "\n"
        "Options:\n"
        "\n"
        "  -h, --help                  List the more commonly used options\n"
        "      --longhelp              List all options\n"
        "\n",
        X264_BUILD, X264_VERSION,
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#ifdef AVIS_INPUT
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        "yes",
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#else
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        "no",
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#endif
#ifdef MP4_OUTPUT
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        "yes"
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#else
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        "no"
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#endif
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      );
    H0( "Frame-type options:\n" );
    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "  -I, --keyint <integer>      Maximum GOP size [%d]\n", defaults->i_keyint_max );
    H1( "  -i, --min-keyint <integer>  Minimum GOP size [%d]\n", defaults->i_keyint_min );
    H1( "      --scenecut <integer>    How aggressively to insert extra I-frames [%d]\n", defaults->i_scenecut_threshold );
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    H1( "      --pre-scenecut          Faster, less precise scenecut detection.\n"
        "                                  Required and implied by multi-threading.\n" );
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    H0( "  -b, --bframes <integer>     Number of B-frames between I and P [%d]\n", defaults->i_bframe );
    H1( "      --no-b-adapt            Disable adaptive B-frame decision\n" );
    H1( "      --b-bias <integer>      Influences how often B-frames are used [%d]\n", defaults->i_bframe_bias );
    H0( "      --b-pyramid             Keep some B-frames as references\n" );
    H0( "      --no-cabac              Disable CABAC\n" );
    H0( "  -r, --ref <integer>         Number of reference frames [%d]\n", defaults->i_frame_reference );
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    H1( "      --no-deblock            Disable loop filter\n" );
    H0( "  -f, --deblock <alpha:beta>  Loop filter AlphaC0 and Beta parameters [%d:%d]\n",
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                                       defaults->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0, defaults->i_deblocking_filter_beta );
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    H0( "      --interlaced            Enable pure-interlaced mode\n" );
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    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "Ratecontrol:\n" );
    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "  -q, --qp <integer>          Set QP (0=lossless) [%d]\n", defaults->rc.i_qp_constant );
    H0( "  -B, --bitrate <integer>     Set bitrate (kbit/s)\n" );
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    H0( "      --crf <float>           Quality-based VBR (nominal QP)\n" );
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    H1( "      --vbv-maxrate <integer> Max local bitrate (kbit/s) [%d]\n", defaults->rc.i_vbv_max_bitrate );
    H0( "      --vbv-bufsize <integer> Enable CBR and set size of the VBV buffer (kbit) [%d]\n", defaults->rc.i_vbv_buffer_size );
    H1( "      --vbv-init <float>      Initial VBV buffer occupancy [%.1f]\n", defaults->rc.f_vbv_buffer_init );
    H1( "      --qpmin <integer>       Set min QP [%d]\n", defaults->rc.i_qp_min );
    H1( "      --qpmax <integer>       Set max QP [%d]\n", defaults->rc.i_qp_max );
    H1( "      --qpstep <integer>      Set max QP step [%d]\n", defaults->rc.i_qp_step );
    H0( "      --ratetol <float>       Allowed variance of average bitrate [%.1f]\n", defaults->rc.f_rate_tolerance );
    H0( "      --ipratio <float>       QP factor between I and P [%.2f]\n", defaults->rc.f_ip_factor );
    H0( "      --pbratio <float>       QP factor between P and B [%.2f]\n", defaults->rc.f_pb_factor );
    H1( "      --chroma-qp-offset <integer>  QP difference between chroma and luma [%d]\n", defaults->analyse.i_chroma_qp_offset );
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    H0( "      --aq-mode <integer>     How AQ distributes bits [%d]\n"
        "                                  - 0: Disabled\n"
        "                                  - 1: Avoid moving bits between frames\n"
        "                                  - 2: Move bits between frames\n", defaults->rc.i_aq_mode );
    H0( "      --aq-strength <float>   Reduces blocking and blurring in flat and\n"
        "                              textured areas. [%.1f]\n"
        "                                  - 0.5: weak AQ\n"
        "                                  - 1.5: strong AQ\n", defaults->rc.f_aq_strength );
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    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "  -p, --pass <1|2|3>          Enable multipass ratecontrol\n"
        "                                  - 1: First pass, creates stats file\n"
        "                                  - 2: Last pass, does not overwrite stats file\n"
        "                                  - 3: Nth pass, overwrites stats file\n" );
    H0( "      --stats <string>        Filename for 2 pass stats [\"%s\"]\n", defaults->rc.psz_stat_out );
    H1( "      --rceq <string>         Ratecontrol equation [\"%s\"]\n", defaults->rc.psz_rc_eq );
    H0( "      --qcomp <float>         QP curve compression: 0.0 => CBR, 1.0 => CQP [%.2f]\n", defaults->rc.f_qcompress );
    H1( "      --cplxblur <float>      Reduce fluctuations in QP (before curve compression) [%.1f]\n", defaults->rc.f_complexity_blur );
    H1( "      --qblur <float>         Reduce fluctuations in QP (after curve compression) [%.1f]\n", defaults->rc.f_qblur );
    H0( "      --zones <zone0>/<zone1>/...  Tweak the bitrate of some regions of the video\n" );
    H1( "                              Each zone is of the form\n"
        "                                  <start frame>,<end frame>,<option>\n"
        "                                  where <option> is either\n"
        "                                      q=<integer> (force QP)\n"
        "                                  or  b=<float> (bitrate multiplier)\n" );
    H1( "      --qpfile <string>       Force frametypes and QPs\n" );
    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "Analysis:\n" );
    H0( "\n" );
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    H0( "  -A, --partitions <string>   Partitions to consider [\"p8x8,b8x8,i8x8,i4x4\"]\n"
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        "                                  - p8x8, p4x4, b8x8, i8x8, i4x4\n"
        "                                  - none, all\n"
        "                                  (p4x4 requires p8x8. i8x8 requires --8x8dct.)\n" );
    H0( "      --direct <string>       Direct MV prediction mode [\"%s\"]\n"
        "                                  - none, spatial, temporal, auto\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_direct_pred_names, defaults->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred ) );
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    H1( "      --direct-8x8 <-1|0|1>   Direct prediction size [%d]\n"
        "                                  -  0: 4x4\n"
        "                                  -  1: 8x8\n"
        "                                  - -1: smallest possible according to level\n",
                                       defaults->analyse.i_direct_8x8_inference );
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    H0( "  -w, --weightb               Weighted prediction for B-frames\n" );
    H0( "      --me <string>           Integer pixel motion estimation method [\"%s\"]\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_motion_est_names, defaults->analyse.i_me_method ) );
    H1( "                                  - dia: diamond search, radius 1 (fast)\n"
        "                                  - hex: hexagonal search, radius 2\n"
        "                                  - umh: uneven multi-hexagon search\n"
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        "                                  - esa: exhaustive search\n"
        "                                  - tesa: hadamard exhaustive search (slow)\n" );
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    else H0( "                                  - dia, hex, umh\n" );
    H0( "      --merange <integer>     Maximum motion vector search range [%d]\n", defaults->analyse.i_me_range );
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    H1( "      --mvrange <integer>     Maximum motion vector length [-1 (auto)]\n" );
    H1( "      --mvrange-thread <int>  Minimum buffer between threads [-1 (auto)]\n" );
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    H0( "  -m, --subme <integer>       Subpixel motion estimation and partition\n"
        "                                  decision quality: 1=fast, 7=best. [%d]\n", defaults->analyse.i_subpel_refine );
    H0( "      --b-rdo                 RD based mode decision for B-frames. Requires subme 6.\n" );
    H0( "      --mixed-refs            Decide references on a per partition basis\n" );
    H1( "      --no-chroma-me          Ignore chroma in motion estimation\n" );
    H1( "      --bime                  Jointly optimize both MVs in B-frames\n" );
    H0( "  -8, --8x8dct                Adaptive spatial transform size\n" );
    H0( "  -t, --trellis <integer>     Trellis RD quantization. Requires CABAC. [%d]\n"
        "                                  - 0: disabled\n"
        "                                  - 1: enabled only on the final encode of a MB\n"
        "                                  - 2: enabled on all mode decisions\n", defaults->analyse.i_trellis );
    H0( "      --no-fast-pskip         Disables early SKIP detection on P-frames\n" );
    H0( "      --no-dct-decimate       Disables coefficient thresholding on P-frames\n" );
    H0( "      --nr <integer>          Noise reduction [%d]\n", defaults->analyse.i_noise_reduction );
    H1( "\n" );
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    H1( "      --deadzone-inter <int>  Set the size of the inter luma quantization deadzone [%d]\n", defaults->analyse.i_luma_deadzone[0] );
    H1( "      --deadzone-intra <int>  Set the size of the intra luma quantization deadzone [%d]\n", defaults->analyse.i_luma_deadzone[1] );
    H1( "                                  Deadzones should be in the range 0 - 32.\n" );
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    H1( "      --cqm <string>          Preset quant matrices [\"flat\"]\n"
        "                                  - jvt, flat\n" );
    H0( "      --cqmfile <string>      Read custom quant matrices from a JM-compatible file\n" );
    H1( "                                  Overrides any other --cqm* options.\n" );
    H1( "      --cqm4 <list>           Set all 4x4 quant matrices\n"
        "                                  Takes a comma-separated list of 16 integers.\n" );
    H1( "      --cqm8 <list>           Set all 8x8 quant matrices\n"
        "                                  Takes a comma-separated list of 64 integers.\n" );
    H1( "      --cqm4i, --cqm4p, --cqm8i, --cqm8p\n"
        "                              Set both luma and chroma quant matrices\n" );
    H1( "      --cqm4iy, --cqm4ic, --cqm4py, --cqm4pc\n"
        "                              Set individual quant matrices\n" );
    H1( "\n" );
    H1( "Video Usability Info (Annex E):\n" );
    H1( "The VUI settings are not used by the encoder but are merely suggestions to\n" );
    H1( "the playback equipment. See doc/vui.txt for details. Use at your own risk.\n" );
    H1( "\n" );
    H1( "      --overscan <string>     Specify crop overscan setting [\"%s\"]\n"
        "                                  - undef, show, crop\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_overscan_names, defaults->vui.i_overscan ) );
    H1( "      --videoformat <string>  Specify video format [\"%s\"]\n"
        "                                  - component, pal, ntsc, secam, mac, undef\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_vidformat_names, defaults->vui.i_vidformat ) );
    H1( "      --fullrange <string>    Specify full range samples setting [\"%s\"]\n"
        "                                  - off, on\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_fullrange_names, defaults->vui.b_fullrange ) );
    H1( "      --colorprim <string>    Specify color primaries [\"%s\"]\n"
        "                                  - undef, bt709, bt470m, bt470bg\n"
        "                                    smpte170m, smpte240m, film\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_colorprim_names, defaults->vui.i_colorprim ) );
    H1( "      --transfer <string>     Specify transfer characteristics [\"%s\"]\n"
        "                                  - undef, bt709, bt470m, bt470bg, linear,\n"
        "                                    log100, log316, smpte170m, smpte240m\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_transfer_names, defaults->vui.i_transfer ) );
    H1( "      --colormatrix <string>  Specify color matrix setting [\"%s\"]\n"
        "                                  - undef, bt709, fcc, bt470bg\n"
        "                                    smpte170m, smpte240m, GBR, YCgCo\n",
                                       strtable_lookup( x264_colmatrix_names, defaults->vui.i_colmatrix ) );
    H1( "      --chromaloc <integer>   Specify chroma sample location (0 to 5) [%d]\n",
                                       defaults->vui.i_chroma_loc );
    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "Input/Output:\n" );
    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "  -o, --output                Specify output file\n" );
    H0( "      --sar width:height      Specify Sample Aspect Ratio\n" );
    H0( "      --fps <float|rational>  Specify framerate\n" );
    H0( "      --seek <integer>        First frame to encode\n" );
    H0( "      --frames <integer>      Maximum number of frames to encode\n" );
    H0( "      --level <string>        Specify level (as defined by Annex A)\n" );
    H0( "\n" );
    H0( "  -v, --verbose               Print stats for each frame\n" );
    H0( "      --progress              Show a progress indicator while encoding\n" );
    H0( "      --quiet                 Quiet Mode\n" );
    H0( "      --no-psnr               Disable PSNR computation\n" );
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    H0( "      --no-ssim               Disable SSIM computation\n" );
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    H0( "      --threads <integer>     Parallel encoding\n" );
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    H0( "      --thread-input          Run Avisynth in its own thread\n" );
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    H1( "      --non-deterministic     Slightly improve quality of SMP, at the cost of repeatability\n" );
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    H1( "      --asm <integer>         Override CPU detection\n" );
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    H1( "      --no-asm                Disable all CPU optimizations\n" );
    H1( "      --visualize             Show MB types overlayed on the encoded video\n" );
    H1( "      --sps-id <integer>      Set SPS and PPS id numbers [%d]\n", defaults->i_sps_id );
    H1( "      --aud                   Use access unit delimiters\n" );
    H0( "\n" );
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}

/*****************************************************************************
 * Parse:
 *****************************************************************************/
static int  Parse( int argc, char **argv,
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                   x264_param_t *param, cli_opt_t *opt )
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{
    char *psz_filename = NULL;
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    x264_param_t defaults = *param;
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    char *psz;
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    int b_avis = 0;
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    int b_y4m = 0;
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    int b_thread_input = 0;
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    memset( opt, 0, sizeof(cli_opt_t) );
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    /* Default input file driver */
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    p_open_infile = open_file_yuv;
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    p_get_frame_total = get_frame_total_yuv;
    p_read_frame = read_frame_yuv;
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    p_close_infile = close_file_yuv;

    /* Default output file driver */
    p_open_outfile = open_file_bsf;
    p_set_outfile_param = set_param_bsf;
    p_write_nalu = write_nalu_bsf;
    p_set_eop = set_eop_bsf;
    p_close_outfile = close_file_bsf;
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    /* Parse command line options */
    for( ;; )
    {
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        int b_error = 0;
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        int long_options_index = -1;

#define OPT_FRAMES 256
#define OPT_SEEK 257
#define OPT_QPFILE 258
#define OPT_THREAD_INPUT 259
#define OPT_QUIET 260
#define OPT_PROGRESS 261
#define OPT_VISUALIZE 262
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#define OPT_LONGHELP 263
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        static struct option long_options[] =
        {
            { "help",    no_argument,       NULL, 'h' },
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            { "longhelp",no_argument,       NULL, OPT_LONGHELP },
            { "version", no_argument,       NULL, 'V' },
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            { "bitrate", required_argument, NULL, 'B' },
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            { "bframes", required_argument, NULL, 'b' },
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            { "no-b-adapt", no_argument,    NULL, 0 },
            { "b-bias",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "b-pyramid", no_argument,     NULL, 0 },
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            { "min-keyint",required_argument,NULL,'i' },
            { "keyint",  required_argument, NULL, 'I' },
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            { "scenecut",required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "pre-scenecut", no_argument,  NULL, 0 },
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            { "nf",      no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
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            { "no-deblock", no_argument,    NULL, 0 },
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            { "filter",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "deblock", required_argument, NULL, 'f' },
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            { "interlaced", no_argument,    NULL, 0 },
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            { "no-cabac",no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
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            { "qp",      required_argument, NULL, 'q' },
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            { "qpmin",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "qpmax",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "qpstep",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "crf",     required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "ref",     required_argument, NULL, 'r' },
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            { "asm",     required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "no-asm",  no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
            { "sar",     required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "fps",     required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "frames",  required_argument, NULL, OPT_FRAMES },
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            { "seek",    required_argument, NULL, OPT_SEEK },
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            { "output",  required_argument, NULL, 'o' },
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            { "analyse", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "partitions", required_argument, NULL, 'A' },
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            { "direct",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "direct-8x8", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "weightb", no_argument,       NULL, 'w' },
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            { "me",      required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "merange", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "mvrange", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "mvrange-thread", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "subme",   required_argument, NULL, 'm' },
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            { "b-rdo",   no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
            { "mixed-refs", no_argument,    NULL, 0 },
            { "no-chroma-me", no_argument,  NULL, 0 },
            { "bime",    no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
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            { "8x8dct",  no_argument,       NULL, '8' },
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            { "trellis", required_argument, NULL, 't' },
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            { "no-fast-pskip", no_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "no-dct-decimate", no_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "aq-strength", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "aq-mode", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "deadzone-inter", required_argument, NULL, '0' },
            { "deadzone-intra", required_argument, NULL, '0' },
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            { "level",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "ratetol", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "vbv-maxrate", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "vbv-bufsize", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "vbv-init", required_argument,NULL,  0 },
            { "ipratio", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "pbratio", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "chroma-qp-offset", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "pass",    required_argument, NULL, 'p' },
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            { "stats",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "rceq",    required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "qcomp",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "qblur",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cplxblur",required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "zones",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "qpfile",  required_argument, NULL, OPT_QPFILE },
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            { "threads", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "thread-input", no_argument,  NULL, OPT_THREAD_INPUT },
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            { "non-deterministic", no_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            { "no-psnr", no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
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            { "no-ssim", no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
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            { "quiet",   no_argument,       NULL, OPT_QUIET },
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            { "verbose", no_argument,       NULL, 'v' },
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            { "progress",no_argument,       NULL, OPT_PROGRESS },
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            { "visualize",no_argument,      NULL, OPT_VISUALIZE },
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            { "sps-id",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "aud",     no_argument,       NULL, 0 },
            { "nr",      required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm",     required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqmfile", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm4",    required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm4i",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm4iy",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm4ic",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm4p",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm4py",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm4pc",  required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm8",    required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm8i",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "cqm8p",   required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "overscan", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "videoformat", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "fullrange", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "colorprim", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "transfer", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "colormatrix", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
            { "chromaloc", required_argument, NULL, 0 },
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            {0, 0, 0, 0}
        };

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        int c = getopt_long( argc, argv, "8A:B:b:f:hI:i:m:o:p:q:r:t:Vvw",
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                             long_options, &long_options_index);
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        if( c == -1 )
        {
            break;
        }

        switch( c )
        {
            case 'h':
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                Help( &defaults, 0 );
                exit(0);
            case OPT_LONGHELP:
                Help( &defaults, 1 );
                exit(0);
            case 'V':
#ifdef X264_POINTVER
                printf( "x264 "X264_POINTVER"\n" );
#else
                printf( "x264 0.%d.X\n", X264_BUILD );
#endif
                exit(0);
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            case OPT_FRAMES:
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                param->i_frame_total = atoi( optarg );
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                break;
            case OPT_SEEK:
                opt->i_seek = atoi( optarg );
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                break;
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            case 'o':
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                if( !strncasecmp(optarg + strlen(optarg) - 4, ".mp4", 4) )
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                {
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#ifdef MP4_OUTPUT
                    p_open_outfile = open_file_mp4;
                    p_write_nalu = write_nalu_mp4;
                    p_set_outfile_param = set_param_mp4;
                    p_set_eop = set_eop_mp4;
                    p_close_outfile = close_file_mp4;
#else
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                    fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: not compiled with MP4 output support\n" );
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                    return -1;
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#endif
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                }
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                else if( !strncasecmp(optarg + strlen(optarg) - 4, ".mkv", 4) )
                {
                    p_open_outfile = open_file_mkv;
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                    p_write_nalu = write_nalu_mkv;
                    p_set_outfile_param = set_param_mkv;
                    p_set_eop = set_eop_mkv;
                    p_close_outfile = close_file_mkv;
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                }
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                if( !strcmp(optarg, "-") )
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                    opt->hout = stdout;
                else if( p_open_outfile( optarg, &opt->hout ) )
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                {
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                    fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: can't open output file `%s'\n", optarg );
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                    return -1;
                }
                break;
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            case OPT_QPFILE:
                opt->qpfile = fopen( optarg, "r" );
                if( !opt->qpfile )
                {
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                    fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: can't open `%s'\n", optarg );
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                    return -1;
                }
                param->i_scenecut_threshold = -1;
                param->b_bframe_adaptive = 0;
                break;
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            case OPT_THREAD_INPUT:
                b_thread_input = 1;
                break;
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            case OPT_QUIET:
                param->i_log_level = X264_LOG_NONE;
                break;
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            case 'v':
                param->i_log_level = X264_LOG_DEBUG;
                break;
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            case OPT_PROGRESS:
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                opt->b_progress = 1;
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                break;
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            case OPT_VISUALIZE:
#ifdef VISUALIZE
                param->b_visualize = 1;
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                b_exit_on_ctrl_c = 1;
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#else
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                fprintf( stderr, "x264 [warning]: not compiled with visualization support\n" );
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#endif
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                break;
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            default:
            {
                int i;
                if( long_options_index < 0 )
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                {
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                    for( i = 0; long_options[i].name; i++ )
                        if( long_options[i].val == c )
                        {
                            long_options_index = i;
                            break;
                        }
                    if( long_options_index < 0 )
                    {
                        /* getopt_long already printed an error message */
                        return -1;
                    }
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                }
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                b_error |= x264_param_parse( param, long_options[long_options_index].name, optarg );
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            }
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        }
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        if( b_error )
        {
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            const char *name = long_options_index > 0 ? long_options[long_options_index].name : argv[optind-2];
            fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: invalid argument: %s = %s\n", name, optarg );
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            return -1;
        }
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    }

    /* Get the file name */
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    if( optind > argc - 1 || !opt->hout )
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    {
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        fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: No %s file. Run x264 --help for a list of options.\n",
                 optind > argc - 1 ? "input" : "output" );
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        return -1;
    }
    psz_filename = argv[optind++];

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    /* check demuxer type */
    psz = psz_filename + strlen(psz_filename) - 1;
    while( psz > psz_filename && *psz != '.' )
        psz--;
    if( !strncasecmp( psz, ".avi", 4 ) || !strncasecmp( psz, ".avs", 4 ) )
        b_avis = 1;
    if( !strncasecmp( psz, ".y4m", 4 ) )
        b_y4m = 1;

    if( !(b_avis || b_y4m) ) // raw yuv
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    {
        if( optind > argc - 1 )
        {
            /* try to parse the file name */
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            for( psz = psz_filename; *psz; psz++ )
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            {
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                if( *psz >= '0' && *psz <= '9'
                    && sscanf( psz, "%ux%u", &param->i_width, &param->i_height ) == 2 )
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                {
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                    if( param->i_log_level >= X264_LOG_INFO )
                        fprintf( stderr, "x264 [info]: file name gives %dx%d\n", param->i_width, param->i_height );
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                    break;
                }
            }
        }
        else
        {
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            sscanf( argv[optind++], "%ux%u", &param->i_width, &param->i_height );
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        }
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    }
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    if( !(b_avis || b_y4m) && ( !param->i_width || !param->i_height ) )
    {
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        fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: Rawyuv input requires a resolution.\n" );
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        return -1;
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    }

    /* open the input */
    {
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        if( b_avis )
        {
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#ifdef AVIS_INPUT
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            p_open_infile = open_file_avis;
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            p_get_frame_total = get_frame_total_avis;
            p_read_frame = read_frame_avis;
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            p_close_infile = close_file_avis;
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#else
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            fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: not compiled with AVIS input support\n" );
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            return -1;
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#endif
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        }
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        if ( b_y4m )
        {
            p_open_infile = open_file_y4m;
            p_get_frame_total = get_frame_total_y4m;
            p_read_frame = read_frame_y4m;
            p_close_infile = close_file_y4m;
        }

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        if( p_open_infile( psz_filename, &opt->hin, param ) )
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        {
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            fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: could not open input file '%s'\n", psz_filename );
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            return -1;
        }
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    }

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#ifdef HAVE_PTHREAD
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    if( b_thread_input || param->i_threads > 1
        || (param->i_threads == 0 && x264_cpu_num_processors() > 1) )
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    {
        if( open_file_thread( NULL, &opt->hin, param ) )
        {
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            fprintf( stderr, "x264 [warning]: threaded input failed\n" );
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        }
        else
        {
            p_open_infile = open_file_thread;
            p_get_frame_total = get_frame_total_thread;
            p_read_frame = read_frame_thread;
            p_close_infile = close_file_thread;
        }
    }
#endif

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    return 0;
}

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static void parse_qpfile( cli_opt_t *opt, x264_picture_t *pic, int i_frame )
{
    int num = -1, qp;
    char type;
    while( num < i_frame )
    {
        int ret = fscanf( opt->qpfile, "%d %c %d\n", &num, &type, &qp );
        if( num < i_frame )
            continue;
        pic->i_qpplus1 = qp+1;
        if     ( type == 'I' ) pic->i_type = X264_TYPE_IDR;
        else if( type == 'i' ) pic->i_type = X264_TYPE_I;
        else if( type == 'P' ) pic->i_type = X264_TYPE_P;
        else if( type == 'B' ) pic->i_type = X264_TYPE_BREF;
        else if( type == 'b' ) pic->i_type = X264_TYPE_B;
        else ret = 0;
        if( ret != 3 || qp < 0 || qp > 51 || num > i_frame )
        {
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            fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: can't parse qpfile for frame %d\n", i_frame );
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            fclose( opt->qpfile );
            opt->qpfile = NULL;
            pic->i_type = X264_TYPE_AUTO;
            pic->i_qpplus1 = 0;
            break;
        }
    }
}

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/*****************************************************************************
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 * Encode:
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 *****************************************************************************/

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static int  Encode_frame( x264_t *h, hnd_t hout, x264_picture_t *pic )
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{
    x264_picture_t pic_out;
    x264_nal_t *nal;
    int i_nal, i;
    int i_file = 0;

    if( x264_encoder_encode( h, &nal, &i_nal, pic, &pic_out ) < 0 )
    {
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        fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: x264_encoder_encode failed\n" );
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    }

    for( i = 0; i < i_nal; i++ )
    {
        int i_size;

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        if( mux_buffer_size < nal[i].i_payload * 3/2 + 4 )
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        {
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            mux_buffer_size = nal[i].i_payload * 2 + 4;
            x264_free( mux_buffer );
            mux_buffer = x264_malloc( mux_buffer_size );
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        }
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        i_size = mux_buffer_size;
        x264_nal_encode( mux_buffer, &i_size, 1, &nal[i] );
        i_file += p_write_nalu( hout, mux_buffer, i_size );
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    }
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    if (i_nal)
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        p_set_eop( hout, &pic_out );
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    return i_file;
}

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static int  Encode( x264_param_t *param, cli_opt_t *opt )
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{
    x264_t *h;
    x264_picture_t pic;

    int     i_frame, i_frame_total;
    int64_t i_start, i_end;
    int64_t i_file;
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    int     i_frame_size;
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    int     i_progress;
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    i_frame_total = p_get_frame_total( opt->hin );
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    i_frame_total -= opt->i_seek;
    if( ( i_frame_total == 0 || param->i_frame_total < i_frame_total )
        && param->i_frame_total > 0 )
        i_frame_total = param->i_frame_total;
    param->i_frame_total = i_frame_total;
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    if( ( h = x264_encoder_open( param ) ) == NULL )
    {
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        fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: x264_encoder_open failed\n" );
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        p_close_infile( opt->hin );
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        return -1;
    }

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    if( p_set_outfile_param( opt->hout, param ) )
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    {
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        fprintf( stderr, "x264 [error]: can't set outfile param\n" );
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        p_close_infile( opt->hin );
        p_close_outfile( opt->hout );
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        return -1;
    }

    /* Create a new pic */
    x264_picture_alloc( &pic, X264_CSP_I420, param->i_width, param->i_height );

    i_start = x264_mdate();
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    /* Encode frames */
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    for( i_frame = 0, i_file = 0, i_progress = 0;
         b_ctrl_c == 0 && (i_frame < i_frame_total || i_frame_total == 0); )
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    {
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        if( p_read_frame( &pic, opt->hin, i_frame + opt->i_seek ) )
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            break;

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        pic.i_pts = (int64_t)i_frame * param->i_fps_den;
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        if( opt->qpfile )
            parse_qpfile( opt, &pic, i_frame + opt->i_seek );
        else
        {
            /* Do not force any parameters */
            pic.i_type = X264_TYPE_AUTO;
            pic.i_qpplus1 = 0;
        }

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        i_file += Encode_frame( h, opt->hout, &pic );
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        i_frame++;

        /* update status line (up to 1000 times per input file) */
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        if( opt->b_progress && param->i_log_level < X264_LOG_DEBUG && 
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            ( i_frame_total ? i_frame * 1000 / i_frame_total > i_progress
                            : i_frame % 10 == 0 ) )
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        {
            int64_t i_elapsed = x264_mdate() - i_start;
            double fps = i_elapsed > 0 ? i_frame * 1000000. / i_elapsed : 0;
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            if( i_frame_total )
            {
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                int eta = i_elapsed * (i_frame_total - i_frame) / ((int64_t)i_frame * 1000000);
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                i_progress = i_frame * 1000 / i_frame_total;
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                fprintf( stderr, "encoded frames: %d/%d (%.1f%%), %.2f fps, eta %d:%02d:%02d  \r",
                         i_frame, i_frame_total, (float)i_progress / 10, fps,
                         eta/3600, (eta/60)%60, eta%60 );
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            }
            else
                fprintf( stderr, "encoded frames: %d, %.2f fps   \r", i_frame, fps );
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            fflush( stderr ); // needed in windows
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        }
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    }
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    /* Flush delayed B-frames */
    do {
        i_file +=
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        i_frame_size = Encode_frame( h, opt->hout, NULL );
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    } while( i_frame_size );

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    i_end = x264_mdate();
    x264_picture_clean( &pic );
    x264_encoder_close( h );
    fprintf( stderr, "\n" );

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    if( b_ctrl_c )
        fprintf( stderr, "aborted at input frame %d\n", opt->i_seek + i_frame );

    p_close_infile( opt->hin );
    p_close_outfile( opt->hout );
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    if( i_frame > 0 )
    {
        double fps = (double)i_frame * (double)1000000 /
                     (double)( i_end - i_start );

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        fprintf( stderr, "encoded %d frames, %.2f fps, %.2f kb/s\n", i_frame, fps,
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                 (double) i_file * 8 * param->i_fps_num /
                 ( (double) param->i_fps_den * i_frame * 1000 ) );
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    }

    return 0;
}