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/*****************************************************************************
 * common.c: h264 library
 *****************************************************************************
 * Copyright (C) 2003 Laurent Aimar
 * $Id: common.c,v 1.1 2004/06/03 19:27:06 fenrir Exp $
 *
 * Authors: Laurent Aimar <fenrir@via.ecp.fr>
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111, USA.
 *****************************************************************************/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
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#include <stdarg.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_H
#include <malloc.h>
#endif

#include "common.h"
#include "cpu.h"

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static void x264_log_default( void *, int, const char *, va_list );

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/****************************************************************************
 * x264_param_default:
 ****************************************************************************/
void    x264_param_default( x264_param_t *param )
{
    /* */
    memset( param, 0, sizeof( x264_param_t ) );

    /* CPU autodetect */
    param->cpu = x264_cpu_detect();
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    param->i_threads = 1;
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    /* Video properties */
    param->i_csp           = X264_CSP_I420;
    param->i_width         = 0;
    param->i_height        = 0;
    param->vui.i_sar_width = 0;
    param->vui.i_sar_height= 0;
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    param->vui.i_overscan  = 0;  /* undef */
    param->vui.i_vidformat = 5;  /* undef */
    param->vui.b_fullrange = 0;  /* off */
    param->vui.i_colorprim = 2;  /* undef */
    param->vui.i_transfer  = 2;  /* undef */
    param->vui.i_colmatrix = 2;  /* undef */
    param->vui.i_chroma_loc= 0;  /* left center */
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    param->i_fps_num       = 25;
    param->i_fps_den       = 1;
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    param->i_level_idc     = 51; /* as close to "unrestricted" as we can get */
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    /* Encoder parameters */
    param->i_frame_reference = 1;
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    param->i_keyint_max = 250;
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    param->i_keyint_min = 25;
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    param->i_bframe = 0;
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    param->i_scenecut_threshold = 40;
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    param->b_bframe_adaptive = 1;
    param->i_bframe_bias = 0;
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    param->b_bframe_pyramid = 0;
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    param->b_deblocking_filter = 1;
    param->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0 = 0;
    param->i_deblocking_filter_beta = 0;

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    param->b_cabac = 1;
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    param->i_cabac_init_idc = 0;
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    param->rc.b_cbr = 0;
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    param->rc.i_bitrate = 1000;
    param->rc.f_rate_tolerance = 1.0;
    param->rc.i_vbv_max_bitrate = 0;
    param->rc.i_vbv_buffer_size = 0;
    param->rc.f_vbv_buffer_init = 0.9;
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    param->rc.i_qp_constant = 26;
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    param->rc.i_rf_constant = 0;
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    param->rc.i_qp_min = 10;
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    param->rc.i_qp_max = 51;
    param->rc.i_qp_step = 4;
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    param->rc.f_ip_factor = 1.4;
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    param->rc.f_pb_factor = 1.3;
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    param->rc.b_stat_write = 0;
    param->rc.psz_stat_out = "x264_2pass.log";
    param->rc.b_stat_read = 0;
    param->rc.psz_stat_in = "x264_2pass.log";
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    param->rc.psz_rc_eq = "blurCplx^(1-qComp)";
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    param->rc.f_qcompress = 0.6;
    param->rc.f_qblur = 0.5;
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    param->rc.f_complexity_blur = 20;
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    param->rc.i_zones = 0;
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    /* Log */
    param->pf_log = x264_log_default;
    param->p_log_private = NULL;
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    param->i_log_level = X264_LOG_INFO;
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    /* */
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    param->analyse.intra = X264_ANALYSE_I4x4 | X264_ANALYSE_I8x8;
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    param->analyse.inter = X264_ANALYSE_I4x4 | X264_ANALYSE_I8x8
                         | X264_ANALYSE_PSUB16x16 | X264_ANALYSE_BSUB16x16;
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    param->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred = X264_DIRECT_PRED_TEMPORAL;
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    param->analyse.i_me_method = X264_ME_HEX;
    param->analyse.i_me_range = 16;
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    param->analyse.i_subpel_refine = 5;
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    param->analyse.b_chroma_me = 1;
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    param->analyse.i_mv_range = -1; // set from level_idc
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    param->analyse.i_chroma_qp_offset = 0;
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    param->analyse.b_fast_pskip = 1;
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    param->analyse.b_psnr = 1;
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    param->i_cqm_preset = X264_CQM_FLAT;
    memset( param->cqm_4iy, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_4ic, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_4py, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_4pc, 16, 16 );
    memset( param->cqm_8iy, 16, 64 );
    memset( param->cqm_8py, 16, 64 );

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    param->b_repeat_headers = 1;
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    param->b_aud = 0;
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}

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/****************************************************************************
 * x264_log:
 ****************************************************************************/
void x264_log( x264_t *h, int i_level, const char *psz_fmt, ... )
{
    if( i_level <= h->param.i_log_level )
    {
        va_list arg;
        va_start( arg, psz_fmt );
        h->param.pf_log( h->param.p_log_private, i_level, psz_fmt, arg );
        va_end( arg );
    }
}

static void x264_log_default( void *p_unused, int i_level, const char *psz_fmt, va_list arg )
{
    char *psz_prefix;
    switch( i_level )
    {
        case X264_LOG_ERROR:
            psz_prefix = "error";
            break;
        case X264_LOG_WARNING:
            psz_prefix = "warning";
            break;
        case X264_LOG_INFO:
            psz_prefix = "info";
            break;
        case X264_LOG_DEBUG:
            psz_prefix = "debug";
            break;
        default:
            psz_prefix = "unknown";
            break;
    }
    fprintf( stderr, "x264 [%s]: ", psz_prefix );
    vfprintf( stderr, psz_fmt, arg );
}

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/****************************************************************************
 * x264_picture_alloc:
 ****************************************************************************/
void x264_picture_alloc( x264_picture_t *pic, int i_csp, int i_width, int i_height )
{
    pic->i_type = X264_TYPE_AUTO;
    pic->i_qpplus1 = 0;
    pic->img.i_csp = i_csp;
    switch( i_csp & X264_CSP_MASK )
    {
        case X264_CSP_I420:
        case X264_CSP_YV12:
            pic->img.i_plane = 3;
            pic->img.plane[0] = x264_malloc( 3 * i_width * i_height / 2 );
            pic->img.plane[1] = pic->img.plane[0] + i_width * i_height;
            pic->img.plane[2] = pic->img.plane[1] + i_width * i_height / 4;
            pic->img.i_stride[0] = i_width;
            pic->img.i_stride[1] = i_width / 2;
            pic->img.i_stride[2] = i_width / 2;
            break;

        case X264_CSP_I422:
            pic->img.i_plane = 3;
            pic->img.plane[0] = x264_malloc( 2 * i_width * i_height );
            pic->img.plane[1] = pic->img.plane[0] + i_width * i_height;
            pic->img.plane[2] = pic->img.plane[1] + i_width * i_height / 2;
            pic->img.i_stride[0] = i_width;
            pic->img.i_stride[1] = i_width / 2;
            pic->img.i_stride[2] = i_width / 2;
            break;

        case X264_CSP_I444:
            pic->img.i_plane = 3;
            pic->img.plane[0] = x264_malloc( 3 * i_width * i_height );
            pic->img.plane[1] = pic->img.plane[0] + i_width * i_height;
            pic->img.plane[2] = pic->img.plane[1] + i_width * i_height;
            pic->img.i_stride[0] = i_width;
            pic->img.i_stride[1] = i_width;
            pic->img.i_stride[2] = i_width;
            break;

        case X264_CSP_YUYV:
            pic->img.i_plane = 1;
            pic->img.plane[0] = x264_malloc( 2 * i_width * i_height );
            pic->img.i_stride[0] = 2 * i_width;
            break;

        case X264_CSP_RGB:
        case X264_CSP_BGR:
            pic->img.i_plane = 1;
            pic->img.plane[0] = x264_malloc( 3 * i_width * i_height );
            pic->img.i_stride[0] = 3 * i_width;
            break;

        case X264_CSP_BGRA:
            pic->img.i_plane = 1;
            pic->img.plane[0] = x264_malloc( 4 * i_width * i_height );
            pic->img.i_stride[0] = 4 * i_width;
            break;

        default:
            fprintf( stderr, "invalid CSP\n" );
            pic->img.i_plane = 0;
            break;
    }
}

/****************************************************************************
 * x264_picture_clean:
 ****************************************************************************/
void x264_picture_clean( x264_picture_t *pic )
{
    x264_free( pic->img.plane[0] );

    /* just to be safe */
    memset( pic, 0, sizeof( x264_picture_t ) );
}

/****************************************************************************
 * x264_nal_encode:
 ****************************************************************************/
int x264_nal_encode( void *p_data, int *pi_data, int b_annexeb, x264_nal_t *nal )
{
    uint8_t *dst = p_data;
    uint8_t *src = nal->p_payload;
    uint8_t *end = &nal->p_payload[nal->i_payload];

    int i_count = 0;

    /* FIXME this code doesn't check overflow */

    if( b_annexeb )
    {
        /* long nal start code (we always use long ones)*/
        *dst++ = 0x00;
        *dst++ = 0x00;
        *dst++ = 0x00;
        *dst++ = 0x01;
    }

    /* nal header */
    *dst++ = ( 0x00 << 7 ) | ( nal->i_ref_idc << 5 ) | nal->i_type;

    while( src < end )
    {
        if( i_count == 2 && *src <= 0x03 )
        {
            *dst++ = 0x03;
            i_count = 0;
        }
        if( *src == 0 )
        {
            i_count++;
        }
        else
        {
            i_count = 0;
        }
        *dst++ = *src++;
    }
    *pi_data = dst - (uint8_t*)p_data;

    return *pi_data;
}

/****************************************************************************
 * x264_nal_decode:
 ****************************************************************************/
int x264_nal_decode( x264_nal_t *nal, void *p_data, int i_data )
{
    uint8_t *src = p_data;
    uint8_t *end = &src[i_data];
    uint8_t *dst = nal->p_payload;

    nal->i_type    = src[0]&0x1f;
    nal->i_ref_idc = (src[0] >> 5)&0x03;

    src++;

    while( src < end )
    {
        if( src < end - 3 && src[0] == 0x00 && src[1] == 0x00  && src[2] == 0x03 )
        {
            *dst++ = 0x00;
            *dst++ = 0x00;

            src += 3;
            continue;
        }
        *dst++ = *src++;
    }

    nal->i_payload = dst - (uint8_t*)p_data;
    return 0;
}



/****************************************************************************
 * x264_malloc:
 ****************************************************************************/
void *x264_malloc( int i_size )
{
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#ifdef SYS_MACOSX
    /* Mac OS X always returns 16 bytes aligned memory */
    return malloc( i_size );
#elif defined( HAVE_MALLOC_H )
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    return memalign( 16, i_size );
#else
    uint8_t * buf;
    uint8_t * align_buf;
    buf = (uint8_t *) malloc( i_size + 15 + sizeof( void ** ) +
              sizeof( int ) );
    align_buf = buf + 15 + sizeof( void ** ) + sizeof( int );
    align_buf -= (long) align_buf & 15;
    *( (void **) ( align_buf - sizeof( void ** ) ) ) = buf;
    *( (int *) ( align_buf - sizeof( void ** ) - sizeof( int ) ) ) = i_size;
    return align_buf;
#endif
}

/****************************************************************************
 * x264_free:
 ****************************************************************************/
void x264_free( void *p )
{
    if( p )
    {
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#if defined( HAVE_MALLOC_H ) || defined( SYS_MACOSX )
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        free( p );
#else
        free( *( ( ( void **) p ) - 1 ) );
#endif
    }
}

/****************************************************************************
 * x264_realloc:
 ****************************************************************************/
void *x264_realloc( void *p, int i_size )
{
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_H
    return realloc( p, i_size );
#else
    int       i_old_size = 0;
    uint8_t * p_new;
    if( p )
    {
        i_old_size = *( (int*) ( (uint8_t*) p ) - sizeof( void ** ) -
                         sizeof( int ) );
    }
    p_new = x264_malloc( i_size );
    if( i_old_size > 0 && i_size > 0 )
    {
        memcpy( p_new, p, ( i_old_size < i_size ) ? i_old_size : i_size );
    }
    x264_free( p );
    return p_new;
#endif
}

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/****************************************************************************
 * x264_slurp_file:
 ****************************************************************************/
char *x264_slurp_file( const char *filename )
{
    int b_error = 0;
    int i_size;
    char *buf;
    FILE *fh = fopen( filename, "rb" );
    if( !fh )
        return NULL;
    b_error |= fseek( fh, 0, SEEK_END ) < 0;
    b_error |= ( i_size = ftell( fh ) ) <= 0;
    b_error |= fseek( fh, 0, SEEK_SET ) < 0;
    if( b_error )
        return NULL;
    buf = x264_malloc( i_size+2 );
    if( buf == NULL )
        return NULL;
    b_error |= fread( buf, 1, i_size, fh ) != i_size;
    if( buf[i_size-1] != '\n' )
        buf[i_size++] = '\n';
    buf[i_size] = 0;
    fclose( fh );
    if( b_error )
    {
        x264_free( buf );
        return NULL;
    }
    return buf;
}
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/****************************************************************************
 * x264_param2string:
 ****************************************************************************/
char *x264_param2string( x264_param_t *p, int b_res )
{
    char *buf = x264_malloc( 1000 );
    char *s = buf;

    if( b_res )
    {
        s += sprintf( s, "%dx%d ", p->i_width, p->i_height );
        s += sprintf( s, "fps=%d/%d ", p->i_fps_num, p->i_fps_den );
    }

    s += sprintf( s, "cabac=%d", p->b_cabac );
    s += sprintf( s, " ref=%d", p->i_frame_reference );
    s += sprintf( s, " deblock=%d:%d:%d", p->b_deblocking_filter,
                  p->i_deblocking_filter_alphac0, p->i_deblocking_filter_beta );
    s += sprintf( s, " analyse=%#x:%#x", p->analyse.intra, p->analyse.inter );
    s += sprintf( s, " me=%s", x264_motion_est_names[ p->analyse.i_me_method ] );
    s += sprintf( s, " subme=%d", p->analyse.i_subpel_refine );
    s += sprintf( s, " brdo=%d", p->analyse.b_bframe_rdo );
    s += sprintf( s, " mixed_ref=%d", p->analyse.b_mixed_references );
    s += sprintf( s, " me_range=%d", p->analyse.i_me_range );
    s += sprintf( s, " chroma_me=%d", p->analyse.b_chroma_me );
    s += sprintf( s, " trellis=%d", p->analyse.i_trellis );
    s += sprintf( s, " 8x8dct=%d", p->analyse.b_transform_8x8 );
    s += sprintf( s, " cqm=%d", p->i_cqm_preset );
    s += sprintf( s, " chroma_qp_offset=%d", p->analyse.i_chroma_qp_offset );
    s += sprintf( s, " slices=%d", p->i_threads );
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    s += sprintf( s, " nr=%d", p->analyse.i_noise_reduction );
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    s += sprintf( s, " bframes=%d", p->i_bframe );
    if( p->i_bframe )
    {
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        s += sprintf( s, " b_pyramid=%d b_adapt=%d b_bias=%d direct=%d wpredb=%d bime=%d",
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                      p->b_bframe_pyramid, p->b_bframe_adaptive, p->i_bframe_bias,
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                      p->analyse.i_direct_mv_pred, p->analyse.b_weighted_bipred,
                      p->analyse.b_bidir_me );
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    }

    s += sprintf( s, " keyint=%d keyint_min=%d scenecut=%d",
                  p->i_keyint_max, p->i_keyint_min, p->i_scenecut_threshold );

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    s += sprintf( s, " rc=%s", p->rc.b_stat_read && p->rc.b_cbr ? "2pass" :
                               p->rc.b_cbr ? p->rc.i_vbv_buffer_size ? "cbr" : "abr" :
                               p->rc.i_rf_constant ? "crf" : "cqp" );
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    if( p->rc.b_cbr || p->rc.i_rf_constant )
    {
        if( p->rc.i_rf_constant )
            s += sprintf( s, " crf=%d", p->rc.i_rf_constant );
        else
            s += sprintf( s, " bitrate=%d ratetol=%.1f",
                          p->rc.i_bitrate, p->rc.f_rate_tolerance );
        s += sprintf( s, " rceq='%s' qcomp=%.2f qpmin=%d qpmax=%d qpstep=%d",
                      p->rc.psz_rc_eq, p->rc.f_qcompress,
                      p->rc.i_qp_min, p->rc.i_qp_max, p->rc.i_qp_step );
        if( p->rc.b_stat_read )
            s += sprintf( s, " cplxblur=%.1f qblur=%.1f",
                          p->rc.f_complexity_blur, p->rc.f_qblur );
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        if( p->rc.i_vbv_buffer_size )
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            s += sprintf( s, " vbv_maxrate=%d vbv_bufsize=%d",
                          p->rc.i_vbv_max_bitrate, p->rc.i_vbv_buffer_size );
    }
    else
        s += sprintf( s, " qp=%d", p->rc.i_qp_constant );
    if( p->rc.b_cbr || p->rc.i_qp_constant != 0 )
    {
        s += sprintf( s, " ip_ratio=%.2f", p->rc.f_ip_factor );
        if( p->i_bframe )
            s += sprintf( s, " pb_ratio=%.2f", p->rc.f_pb_factor );
        if( p->rc.i_zones )
            s += sprintf( s, " zones" );
    }

    return buf;
}