dvd_css.c 45.1 KB
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/*****************************************************************************
 * dvd_css.c: Functions for DVD authentification and unscrambling
 *****************************************************************************
 * Copyright (C) 1999-2001 VideoLAN
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 * $Id: dvd_css.c,v 1.9 2001/02/15 21:03:27 stef Exp $
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 *
 * Author: Stphane Borel <stef@via.ecp.fr>
 *
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 * based on:
 *  - css-auth by Derek Fawcus <derek@spider.com>
 *  - DVD CSS ioctls example program by Andrew T. Veliath <andrewtv@usa.net>
 *  - The Divide and conquer attack by Frank A. Stevenson<frank@funcom.com>
 *  - DeCSSPlus by Ethan Hawke
 *  - DecVOB
 *  see http://www.lemuria.org/DeCSS/ by Tom Vogt for more information.
 * 
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 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111, USA.
 *****************************************************************************/

/*****************************************************************************
 * Preamble
 *****************************************************************************/
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#include "defs.h"

#if defined( HAVE_SYS_DVDIO_H ) || defined( LINUX_DVD )

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_IOCTL_H
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# include <sys/ioctl.h>
#endif
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_DVDIO_H
# include <sys/dvdio.h>
#endif
#ifdef LINUX_DVD
# include <linux/cdrom.h>
#endif
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#include "common.h"
#include "intf_msg.h"
#include "dvd_css.h"
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#include "dvd_ifo.h"
#include "input_dvd.h"
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/*****************************************************************************
 * CSS tables
 *****************************************************************************/
63
static u8 pi_css_tab1[256]=
64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73
{   0x33, 0x73, 0x3b, 0x26, 0x63, 0x23, 0x6b, 0x76,
    0x3e, 0x7e, 0x36, 0x2b, 0x6e, 0x2e, 0x66, 0x7b,
    0xd3, 0x93, 0xdb, 0x06, 0x43, 0x03, 0x4b, 0x96,
    0xde, 0x9e, 0xd6, 0x0b, 0x4e, 0x0e, 0x46, 0x9b,
    0x57, 0x17, 0x5f, 0x82, 0xc7, 0x87, 0xcf, 0x12,
    0x5a, 0x1a, 0x52, 0x8f, 0xca, 0x8a, 0xc2, 0x1f,
    0xd9, 0x99, 0xd1, 0x00, 0x49, 0x09, 0x41, 0x90,
    0xd8, 0x98, 0xd0, 0x01, 0x48, 0x08, 0x40, 0x91,
    0x3d, 0x7d, 0x35, 0x24, 0x6d, 0x2d, 0x65, 0x74,
    0x3c, 0x7c, 0x34, 0x25, 0x6c, 0x2c, 0x64, 0x75,
74
    0xdd, 0x9d, 0xd5, 0x04, 0x4d, 0x0d, 0x45, 0x94,
75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94
    0xdc, 0x9c, 0xd4, 0x05, 0x4c, 0x0c, 0x44, 0x95,
    0x59, 0x19, 0x51, 0x80, 0xc9, 0x89, 0xc1, 0x10,
    0x58, 0x18, 0x50, 0x81, 0xc8, 0x88, 0xc0, 0x11,
    0xd7, 0x97, 0xdf, 0x02, 0x47, 0x07, 0x4f, 0x92,
    0xda, 0x9a, 0xd2, 0x0f, 0x4a, 0x0a, 0x42, 0x9f,
    0x53, 0x13, 0x5b, 0x86, 0xc3, 0x83, 0xcb, 0x16,
    0x5e, 0x1e, 0x56, 0x8b, 0xce, 0x8e, 0xc6, 0x1b,
    0xb3, 0xf3, 0xbb, 0xa6, 0xe3, 0xa3, 0xeb, 0xf6,
    0xbe, 0xfe, 0xb6, 0xab, 0xee, 0xae, 0xe6, 0xfb,
    0x37, 0x77, 0x3f, 0x22, 0x67, 0x27, 0x6f, 0x72,
    0x3a, 0x7a, 0x32, 0x2f, 0x6a, 0x2a, 0x62, 0x7f,
    0xb9, 0xf9, 0xb1, 0xa0, 0xe9, 0xa9, 0xe1, 0xf0,
    0xb8, 0xf8, 0xb0, 0xa1, 0xe8, 0xa8, 0xe0, 0xf1,
    0x5d, 0x1d, 0x55, 0x84, 0xcd, 0x8d, 0xc5, 0x14,
    0x5c, 0x1c, 0x54, 0x85, 0xcc, 0x8c, 0xc4, 0x15,
    0xbd, 0xfd, 0xb5, 0xa4, 0xed, 0xad, 0xe5, 0xf4,
    0xbc, 0xfc, 0xb4, 0xa5, 0xec, 0xac, 0xe4, 0xf5,
    0x39, 0x79, 0x31, 0x20, 0x69, 0x29, 0x61, 0x70,
    0x38, 0x78, 0x30, 0x21, 0x68, 0x28, 0x60, 0x71,
    0xb7, 0xf7, 0xbf, 0xa2, 0xe7, 0xa7, 0xef, 0xf2,
95 96
    0xba, 0xfa, 0xb2, 0xaf, 0xea, 0xaa, 0xe2, 0xff
};
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static u8 pi_css_tab2[256]=
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{   0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05, 0x06, 0x07,
    0x09, 0x08, 0x0b, 0x0a, 0x0d, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x0e,
    0x12, 0x13, 0x10, 0x11, 0x16, 0x17, 0x14, 0x15,
    0x1b, 0x1a, 0x19, 0x18, 0x1f, 0x1e, 0x1d, 0x1c,
    0x24, 0x25, 0x26, 0x27, 0x20, 0x21, 0x22, 0x23,
    0x2d, 0x2c, 0x2f, 0x2e, 0x29, 0x28, 0x2b, 0x2a,
    0x36, 0x37, 0x34, 0x35, 0x32, 0x33, 0x30, 0x31,
    0x3f, 0x3e, 0x3d, 0x3c, 0x3b, 0x3a, 0x39, 0x38,
    0x49, 0x48, 0x4b, 0x4a, 0x4d, 0x4c, 0x4f, 0x4e,
    0x40, 0x41, 0x42, 0x43, 0x44, 0x45, 0x46, 0x47,
    0x5b, 0x5a, 0x59, 0x58, 0x5f, 0x5e, 0x5d, 0x5c,
    0x52, 0x53, 0x50, 0x51, 0x56, 0x57, 0x54, 0x55,
    0x6d, 0x6c, 0x6f, 0x6e, 0x69, 0x68, 0x6b, 0x6a,
    0x64, 0x65, 0x66, 0x67, 0x60, 0x61, 0x62, 0x63,
    0x7f, 0x7e, 0x7d, 0x7c, 0x7b, 0x7a, 0x79, 0x78,
    0x76, 0x77, 0x74, 0x75, 0x72, 0x73, 0x70, 0x71,
    0x92, 0x93, 0x90, 0x91, 0x96, 0x97, 0x94, 0x95,
    0x9b, 0x9a, 0x99, 0x98, 0x9f, 0x9e, 0x9d, 0x9c,
    0x80, 0x81, 0x82, 0x83, 0x84, 0x85, 0x86, 0x87,
    0x89, 0x88, 0x8b, 0x8a, 0x8d, 0x8c, 0x8f, 0x8e,
    0xb6, 0xb7, 0xb4, 0xb5, 0xb2, 0xb3, 0xb0, 0xb1,
    0xbf, 0xbe, 0xbd, 0xbc, 0xbb, 0xba, 0xb9, 0xb8,
    0xa4, 0xa5, 0xa6, 0xa7, 0xa0, 0xa1, 0xa2, 0xa3,
    0xad, 0xac, 0xaf, 0xae, 0xa9, 0xa8, 0xab, 0xaa,
    0xdb, 0xda, 0xd9, 0xd8, 0xdf, 0xde, 0xdd, 0xdc,
    0xd2, 0xd3, 0xd0, 0xd1, 0xd6, 0xd7, 0xd4, 0xd5,
    0xc9, 0xc8, 0xcb, 0xca, 0xcd, 0xcc, 0xcf, 0xce,
    0xc0, 0xc1, 0xc2, 0xc3, 0xc4, 0xc5, 0xc6, 0xc7,
    0xff, 0xfe, 0xfd, 0xfc, 0xfb, 0xfa, 0xf9, 0xf8,
    0xf6, 0xf7, 0xf4, 0xf5, 0xf2, 0xf3, 0xf0, 0xf1,
    0xed, 0xec, 0xef, 0xee, 0xe9, 0xe8, 0xeb, 0xea,
    0xe4, 0xe5, 0xe6, 0xe7, 0xe0, 0xe1, 0xe2, 0xe3
};

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static u8 pi_css_tab3[512]=
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{   0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
193 194 195 196 197 198
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff
};
199

200
static u8 pi_css_tab4[256]=
201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231
{   0x00, 0x80, 0x40, 0xc0, 0x20, 0xa0, 0x60, 0xe0,
    0x10, 0x90, 0x50, 0xd0, 0x30, 0xb0, 0x70, 0xf0,
    0x08, 0x88, 0x48, 0xc8, 0x28, 0xa8, 0x68, 0xe8,
    0x18, 0x98, 0x58, 0xd8, 0x38, 0xb8, 0x78, 0xf8,
    0x04, 0x84, 0x44, 0xc4, 0x24, 0xa4, 0x64, 0xe4,
    0x14, 0x94, 0x54, 0xd4, 0x34, 0xb4, 0x74, 0xf4,
    0x0c, 0x8c, 0x4c, 0xcc, 0x2c, 0xac, 0x6c, 0xec,
    0x1c, 0x9c, 0x5c, 0xdc, 0x3c, 0xbc, 0x7c, 0xfc,
    0x02, 0x82, 0x42, 0xc2, 0x22, 0xa2, 0x62, 0xe2,
    0x12, 0x92, 0x52, 0xd2, 0x32, 0xb2, 0x72, 0xf2,
    0x0a, 0x8a, 0x4a, 0xca, 0x2a, 0xaa, 0x6a, 0xea,
    0x1a, 0x9a, 0x5a, 0xda, 0x3a, 0xba, 0x7a, 0xfa,
    0x06, 0x86, 0x46, 0xc6, 0x26, 0xa6, 0x66, 0xe6,
    0x16, 0x96, 0x56, 0xd6, 0x36, 0xb6, 0x76, 0xf6,
    0x0e, 0x8e, 0x4e, 0xce, 0x2e, 0xae, 0x6e, 0xee,
    0x1e, 0x9e, 0x5e, 0xde, 0x3e, 0xbe, 0x7e, 0xfe,
    0x01, 0x81, 0x41, 0xc1, 0x21, 0xa1, 0x61, 0xe1,
    0x11, 0x91, 0x51, 0xd1, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x71, 0xf1,
    0x09, 0x89, 0x49, 0xc9, 0x29, 0xa9, 0x69, 0xe9,
    0x19, 0x99, 0x59, 0xd9, 0x39, 0xb9, 0x79, 0xf9,
    0x05, 0x85, 0x45, 0xc5, 0x25, 0xa5, 0x65, 0xe5,
    0x15, 0x95, 0x55, 0xd5, 0x35, 0xb5, 0x75, 0xf5,
    0x0d, 0x8d, 0x4d, 0xcd, 0x2d, 0xad, 0x6d, 0xed,
    0x1d, 0x9d, 0x5d, 0xdd, 0x3d, 0xbd, 0x7d, 0xfd,
    0x03, 0x83, 0x43, 0xc3, 0x23, 0xa3, 0x63, 0xe3,
    0x13, 0x93, 0x53, 0xd3, 0x33, 0xb3, 0x73, 0xf3,
    0x0b, 0x8b, 0x4b, 0xcb, 0x2b, 0xab, 0x6b, 0xeb,
    0x1b, 0x9b, 0x5b, 0xdb, 0x3b, 0xbb, 0x7b, 0xfb,
    0x07, 0x87, 0x47, 0xc7, 0x27, 0xa7, 0x67, 0xe7,
    0x17, 0x97, 0x57, 0xd7, 0x37, 0xb7, 0x77, 0xf7,
    0x0f, 0x8f, 0x4f, 0xcf, 0x2f, 0xaf, 0x6f, 0xef,
232 233
    0x1f, 0x9f, 0x5f, 0xdf, 0x3f, 0xbf, 0x7f, 0xff
};
234

235
static u8 pi_css_tab5[256]=
236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266
{   0xff, 0x7f, 0xbf, 0x3f, 0xdf, 0x5f, 0x9f, 0x1f,
    0xef, 0x6f, 0xaf, 0x2f, 0xcf, 0x4f, 0x8f, 0x0f,
    0xf7, 0x77, 0xb7, 0x37, 0xd7, 0x57, 0x97, 0x17,
    0xe7, 0x67, 0xa7, 0x27, 0xc7, 0x47, 0x87, 0x07,
    0xfb, 0x7b, 0xbb, 0x3b, 0xdb, 0x5b, 0x9b, 0x1b,
    0xeb, 0x6b, 0xab, 0x2b, 0xcb, 0x4b, 0x8b, 0x0b,
    0xf3, 0x73, 0xb3, 0x33, 0xd3, 0x53, 0x93, 0x13,
    0xe3, 0x63, 0xa3, 0x23, 0xc3, 0x43, 0x83, 0x03,
    0xfd, 0x7d, 0xbd, 0x3d, 0xdd, 0x5d, 0x9d, 0x1d,
    0xed, 0x6d, 0xad, 0x2d, 0xcd, 0x4d, 0x8d, 0x0d,
    0xf5, 0x75, 0xb5, 0x35, 0xd5, 0x55, 0x95, 0x15,
    0xe5, 0x65, 0xa5, 0x25, 0xc5, 0x45, 0x85, 0x05,
    0xf9, 0x79, 0xb9, 0x39, 0xd9, 0x59, 0x99, 0x19,
    0xe9, 0x69, 0xa9, 0x29, 0xc9, 0x49, 0x89, 0x09,
    0xf1, 0x71, 0xb1, 0x31, 0xd1, 0x51, 0x91, 0x11,
    0xe1, 0x61, 0xa1, 0x21, 0xc1, 0x41, 0x81, 0x01,
    0xfe, 0x7e, 0xbe, 0x3e, 0xde, 0x5e, 0x9e, 0x1e,
    0xee, 0x6e, 0xae, 0x2e, 0xce, 0x4e, 0x8e, 0x0e,
    0xf6, 0x76, 0xb6, 0x36, 0xd6, 0x56, 0x96, 0x16,
    0xe6, 0x66, 0xa6, 0x26, 0xc6, 0x46, 0x86, 0x06,
    0xfa, 0x7a, 0xba, 0x3a, 0xda, 0x5a, 0x9a, 0x1a,
    0xea, 0x6a, 0xaa, 0x2a, 0xca, 0x4a, 0x8a, 0x0a,
    0xf2, 0x72, 0xb2, 0x32, 0xd2, 0x52, 0x92, 0x12,
    0xe2, 0x62, 0xa2, 0x22, 0xc2, 0x42, 0x82, 0x02,
    0xfc, 0x7c, 0xbc, 0x3c, 0xdc, 0x5c, 0x9c, 0x1c,
    0xec, 0x6c, 0xac, 0x2c, 0xcc, 0x4c, 0x8c, 0x0c,
    0xf4, 0x74, 0xb4, 0x34, 0xd4, 0x54, 0x94, 0x14,
    0xe4, 0x64, 0xa4, 0x24, 0xc4, 0x44, 0x84, 0x04,
    0xf8, 0x78, 0xb8, 0x38, 0xd8, 0x58, 0x98, 0x18,
    0xe8, 0x68, 0xa8, 0x28, 0xc8, 0x48, 0x88, 0x08,
    0xf0, 0x70, 0xb0, 0x30, 0xd0, 0x50, 0x90, 0x10,
267 268 269
    0xe0, 0x60, 0xa0, 0x20, 0xc0, 0x40, 0x80, 0x00
};

270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408
static u8 pi_crypt_tab0[256] = {
    0xB7, 0xF4, 0x82, 0x57, 0xDA, 0x4D, 0xDB, 0xE2,
    0x2F, 0x52, 0x1A, 0xA8, 0x68, 0x5A, 0x8A, 0xFF,
    0xFB, 0x0E, 0x6D, 0x35, 0xF7, 0x5C, 0x76, 0x12,
    0xCE, 0x25, 0x79, 0x29, 0x39, 0x62, 0x08, 0x24,
    0xA5, 0x85, 0x7B, 0x56, 0x01, 0x23, 0x68, 0xCF,
    0x0A, 0xE2, 0x5A, 0xED, 0x3D, 0x59, 0xB0, 0xA9,
    0xB0, 0x2C, 0xF2, 0xB8, 0xEF, 0x32, 0xA9, 0x40,
    0x80, 0x71, 0xAF, 0x1E, 0xDE, 0x8F, 0x58, 0x88,
    0xB8, 0x3A, 0xD0, 0xFC, 0xC4, 0x1E, 0xB5, 0xA0,
    0xBB, 0x3B, 0x0F, 0x01, 0x7E, 0x1F, 0x9F, 0xD9,
    0xAA, 0xB8, 0x3D, 0x9D, 0x74, 0x1E, 0x25, 0xDB,
    0x37, 0x56, 0x8F, 0x16, 0xBA, 0x49, 0x2B, 0xAC,
    0xD0, 0xBD, 0x95, 0x20, 0xBE, 0x7A, 0x28, 0xD0,
    0x51, 0x64, 0x63, 0x1C, 0x7F, 0x66, 0x10, 0xBB,
    0xC4, 0x56, 0x1A, 0x04, 0x6E, 0x0A, 0xEC, 0x9C,
    0xD6, 0xE8, 0x9A, 0x7A, 0xCF, 0x8C, 0xDB, 0xB1,
    0xEF, 0x71, 0xDE, 0x31, 0xFF, 0x54, 0x3E, 0x5E,
    0x07, 0x69, 0x96, 0xB0, 0xCF, 0xDD, 0x9E, 0x47,
    0xC7, 0x96, 0x8F, 0xE4, 0x2B, 0x59, 0xC6, 0xEE,
    0xB9, 0x86, 0x9A, 0x64, 0x84, 0x72, 0xE2, 0x5B,
    0xA2, 0x96, 0x58, 0x99, 0x50, 0x03, 0xF5, 0x38,
    0x4D, 0x02, 0x7D, 0xE7, 0x7D, 0x75, 0xA7, 0xB8,
    0x67, 0x87, 0x84, 0x3F, 0x1D, 0x11, 0xE5, 0xFC,
    0x1E, 0xD3, 0x83, 0x16, 0xA5, 0x29, 0xF6, 0xC7,
    0x15, 0x61, 0x29, 0x1A, 0x43, 0x4F, 0x9B, 0xAF,
    0xC5, 0x87, 0x34, 0x6C, 0x0F, 0x3B, 0xA8, 0x1D,
    0x45, 0x58, 0x25, 0xDC, 0xA8, 0xA3, 0x3B, 0xD1,
    0x79, 0x1B, 0x48, 0xF2, 0xE9, 0x93, 0x1F, 0xFC,
    0xDB, 0x2A, 0x90, 0xA9, 0x8A, 0x3D, 0x39, 0x18,
    0xA3, 0x8E, 0x58, 0x6C, 0xE0, 0x12, 0xBB, 0x25,
    0xCD, 0x71, 0x22, 0xA2, 0x64, 0xC6, 0xE7, 0xFB,
    0xAD, 0x94, 0x77, 0x04, 0x9A, 0x39, 0xCF, 0x7C};

static u8 pi_crypt_tab1[256] = {
    0x8C, 0x47, 0xB0, 0xE1, 0xEB, 0xFC, 0xEB, 0x56,
    0x10, 0xE5, 0x2C, 0x1A, 0x5D, 0xEF, 0xBE, 0x4F,
    0x08, 0x75, 0x97, 0x4B, 0x0E, 0x25, 0x8E, 0x6E,
    0x39, 0x5A, 0x87, 0x53, 0xC4, 0x1F, 0xF4, 0x5C,
    0x4E, 0xE6, 0x99, 0x30, 0xE0, 0x42, 0x88, 0xAB,
    0xE5, 0x85, 0xBC, 0x8F, 0xD8, 0x3C, 0x54, 0xC9,
    0x53, 0x47, 0x18, 0xD6, 0x06, 0x5B, 0x41, 0x2C,
    0x67, 0x1E, 0x41, 0x74, 0x33, 0xE2, 0xB4, 0xE0,
    0x23, 0x29, 0x42, 0xEA, 0x55, 0x0F, 0x25, 0xB4,
    0x24, 0x2C, 0x99, 0x13, 0xEB, 0x0A, 0x0B, 0xC9,
    0xF9, 0x63, 0x67, 0x43, 0x2D, 0xC7, 0x7D, 0x07,
    0x60, 0x89, 0xD1, 0xCC, 0xE7, 0x94, 0x77, 0x74,
    0x9B, 0x7E, 0xD7, 0xE6, 0xFF, 0xBB, 0x68, 0x14,
    0x1E, 0xA3, 0x25, 0xDE, 0x3A, 0xA3, 0x54, 0x7B,
    0x87, 0x9D, 0x50, 0xCA, 0x27, 0xC3, 0xA4, 0x50,
    0x91, 0x27, 0xD4, 0xB0, 0x82, 0x41, 0x97, 0x79,
    0x94, 0x82, 0xAC, 0xC7, 0x8E, 0xA5, 0x4E, 0xAA,
    0x78, 0x9E, 0xE0, 0x42, 0xBA, 0x28, 0xEA, 0xB7,
    0x74, 0xAD, 0x35, 0xDA, 0x92, 0x60, 0x7E, 0xD2,
    0x0E, 0xB9, 0x24, 0x5E, 0x39, 0x4F, 0x5E, 0x63,
    0x09, 0xB5, 0xFA, 0xBF, 0xF1, 0x22, 0x55, 0x1C,
    0xE2, 0x25, 0xDB, 0xC5, 0xD8, 0x50, 0x03, 0x98,
    0xC4, 0xAC, 0x2E, 0x11, 0xB4, 0x38, 0x4D, 0xD0,
    0xB9, 0xFC, 0x2D, 0x3C, 0x08, 0x04, 0x5A, 0xEF,
    0xCE, 0x32, 0xFB, 0x4C, 0x92, 0x1E, 0x4B, 0xFB,
    0x1A, 0xD0, 0xE2, 0x3E, 0xDA, 0x6E, 0x7C, 0x4D,
    0x56, 0xC3, 0x3F, 0x42, 0xB1, 0x3A, 0x23, 0x4D,
    0x6E, 0x84, 0x56, 0x68, 0xF4, 0x0E, 0x03, 0x64,
    0xD0, 0xA9, 0x92, 0x2F, 0x8B, 0xBC, 0x39, 0x9C,
    0xAC, 0x09, 0x5E, 0xEE, 0xE5, 0x97, 0xBF, 0xA5,
    0xCE, 0xFA, 0x28, 0x2C, 0x6D, 0x4F, 0xEF, 0x77,
    0xAA, 0x1B, 0x79, 0x8E, 0x97, 0xB4, 0xC3, 0xF4};

static u8 pi_crypt_tab2[256] = {
    0xB7, 0x75, 0x81, 0xD5, 0xDC, 0xCA, 0xDE, 0x66,
    0x23, 0xDF, 0x15, 0x26, 0x62, 0xD1, 0x83, 0x77,
    0xE3, 0x97, 0x76, 0xAF, 0xE9, 0xC3, 0x6B, 0x8E,
    0xDA, 0xB0, 0x6E, 0xBF, 0x2B, 0xF1, 0x19, 0xB4,
    0x95, 0x34, 0x48, 0xE4, 0x37, 0x94, 0x5D, 0x7B,
    0x36, 0x5F, 0x65, 0x53, 0x07, 0xE2, 0x89, 0x11,
    0x98, 0x85, 0xD9, 0x12, 0xC1, 0x9D, 0x84, 0xEC,
    0xA4, 0xD4, 0x88, 0xB8, 0xFC, 0x2C, 0x79, 0x28,
    0xD8, 0xDB, 0xB3, 0x1E, 0xA2, 0xF9, 0xD0, 0x44,
    0xD7, 0xD6, 0x60, 0xEF, 0x14, 0xF4, 0xF6, 0x31,
    0xD2, 0x41, 0x46, 0x67, 0x0A, 0xE1, 0x58, 0x27,
    0x43, 0xA3, 0xF8, 0xE0, 0xC8, 0xBA, 0x5A, 0x5C,
    0x80, 0x6C, 0xC6, 0xF2, 0xE8, 0xAD, 0x7D, 0x04,
    0x0D, 0xB9, 0x3C, 0xC2, 0x25, 0xBD, 0x49, 0x63,
    0x8C, 0x9F, 0x51, 0xCE, 0x20, 0xC5, 0xA1, 0x50,
    0x92, 0x2D, 0xDD, 0xBC, 0x8D, 0x4F, 0x9A, 0x71,
    0x2F, 0x30, 0x1D, 0x73, 0x39, 0x13, 0xFB, 0x1A,
    0xCB, 0x24, 0x59, 0xFE, 0x05, 0x96, 0x57, 0x0F,
    0x1F, 0xCF, 0x54, 0xBE, 0xF5, 0x06, 0x1B, 0xB2,
    0x6D, 0xD3, 0x4D, 0x32, 0x56, 0x21, 0x33, 0x0B,
    0x52, 0xE7, 0xAB, 0xEB, 0xA6, 0x74, 0x00, 0x4C,
    0xB1, 0x7F, 0x82, 0x99, 0x87, 0x0E, 0x5E, 0xC0,
    0x8F, 0xEE, 0x6F, 0x55, 0xF3, 0x7E, 0x08, 0x90,
    0xFA, 0xB6, 0x64, 0x70, 0x47, 0x4A, 0x17, 0xA7,
    0xB5, 0x40, 0x8A, 0x38, 0xE5, 0x68, 0x3E, 0x8B,
    0x69, 0xAA, 0x9B, 0x42, 0xA5, 0x10, 0x01, 0x35,
    0xFD, 0x61, 0x9E, 0xE6, 0x16, 0x9C, 0x86, 0xED,
    0xCD, 0x2E, 0xFF, 0xC4, 0x5B, 0xA0, 0xAE, 0xCC,
    0x4B, 0x3B, 0x03, 0xBB, 0x1C, 0x2A, 0xAC, 0x0C,
    0x3F, 0x93, 0xC7, 0x72, 0x7A, 0x09, 0x22, 0x3D,
    0x45, 0x78, 0xA9, 0xA8, 0xEA, 0xC9, 0x6A, 0xF7,
    0x29, 0x91, 0xF0, 0x02, 0x18, 0x3A, 0x4E, 0x7C};

static u8 pi_crypt_tab3[288] = {
    0x73, 0x51, 0x95, 0xE1, 0x12, 0xE4, 0xC0, 0x58,
    0xEE, 0xF2, 0x08, 0x1B, 0xA9, 0xFA, 0x98, 0x4C,
    0xA7, 0x33, 0xE2, 0x1B, 0xA7, 0x6D, 0xF5, 0x30,
    0x97, 0x1D, 0xF3, 0x02, 0x60, 0x5A, 0x82, 0x0F,
    0x91, 0xD0, 0x9C, 0x10, 0x39, 0x7A, 0x83, 0x85,
    0x3B, 0xB2, 0xB8, 0xAE, 0x0C, 0x09, 0x52, 0xEA,
    0x1C, 0xE1, 0x8D, 0x66, 0x4F, 0xF3, 0xDA, 0x92,
    0x29, 0xB9, 0xD5, 0xC5, 0x77, 0x47, 0x22, 0x53,
    0x14, 0xF7, 0xAF, 0x22, 0x64, 0xDF, 0xC6, 0x72,
    0x12, 0xF3, 0x75, 0xDA, 0xD7, 0xD7, 0xE5, 0x02,
    0x9E, 0xED, 0xDA, 0xDB, 0x4C, 0x47, 0xCE, 0x91,
    0x06, 0x06, 0x6D, 0x55, 0x8B, 0x19, 0xC9, 0xEF,
    0x8C, 0x80, 0x1A, 0x0E, 0xEE, 0x4B, 0xAB, 0xF2,
    0x08, 0x5C, 0xE9, 0x37, 0x26, 0x5E, 0x9A, 0x90,
    0x00, 0xF3, 0x0D, 0xB2, 0xA6, 0xA3, 0xF7, 0x26,
    0x17, 0x48, 0x88, 0xC9, 0x0E, 0x2C, 0xC9, 0x02,
    0xE7, 0x18, 0x05, 0x4B, 0xF3, 0x39, 0xE1, 0x20,
    0x02, 0x0D, 0x40, 0xC7, 0xCA, 0xB9, 0x48, 0x30,
    0x57, 0x67, 0xCC, 0x06, 0xBF, 0xAC, 0x81, 0x08,
    0x24, 0x7A, 0xD4, 0x8B, 0x19, 0x8E, 0xAC, 0xB4,
    0x5A, 0x0F, 0x73, 0x13, 0xAC, 0x9E, 0xDA, 0xB6,
    0xB8, 0x96, 0x5B, 0x60, 0x88, 0xE1, 0x81, 0x3F,
    0x07, 0x86, 0x37, 0x2D, 0x79, 0x14, 0x52, 0xEA,
    0x73, 0xDF, 0x3D, 0x09, 0xC8, 0x25, 0x48, 0xD8,
    0x75, 0x60, 0x9A, 0x08, 0x27, 0x4A, 0x2C, 0xB9,
    0xA8, 0x8B, 0x8A, 0x73, 0x62, 0x37, 0x16, 0x02,
    0xBD, 0xC1, 0x0E, 0x56, 0x54, 0x3E, 0x14, 0x5F,
    0x8C, 0x8F, 0x6E, 0x75, 0x1C, 0x07, 0x39, 0x7B,
    0x4B, 0xDB, 0xD3, 0x4B, 0x1E, 0xC8, 0x7E, 0xFE,
    0x3E, 0x72, 0x16, 0x83, 0x7D, 0xEE, 0xF5, 0xCA,
    0xC5, 0x18, 0xF9, 0xD8, 0x68, 0xAB, 0x38, 0x85,
    0xA8, 0xF0, 0xA1, 0x73, 0x9F, 0x5D, 0x19, 0x0B,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x33, 0x72, 0x39, 0x25, 0x67, 0x26, 0x6D, 0x71,
    0x36, 0x77, 0x3C, 0x20, 0x62, 0x23, 0x68, 0x74,
    0xC3, 0x82, 0xC9, 0x15, 0x57, 0x16, 0x5D, 0x81};
409 410 411 412 413 414
/*
 * Local functions
 */

/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSGetASF : Get Authentification success flag
415 416 417 418 419
 * ---
 * Returns :
 *  -1 on ioctl error,
 *  0 if the device needs to be authenticated,
 *  1 either.
420
 *****************************************************************************/
421
static int CSSGetASF( int i_fd )
422
{
423
    dvd_authinfo    auth_info;
424

425 426
    auth_info.type = DVD_LU_SEND_ASF;
    auth_info.lsasf.asf = 0;
427

428 429
    for( auth_info.lsasf.agid = 0 ; auth_info.lsasf.agid < 4 ;
                                                    auth_info.lsasf.agid++ )
430
    {
431
        if( !( ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) ) )
432
        {
433 434 435
            intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: %sAuthenticated",
                                    ( auth_info.lsasf.asf ) ? "" : "not " );
            return auth_info.lsasf.asf;
436 437
        }
    }
438 439 440

    /* The ioctl process has failed */
    intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: GetASF Fatal Error" );
441
    return -1;
442 443 444 445
}

/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSCryptKey : shuffles bits and unencrypt keys.
446
 * Used during authentication and disc key negociation in CSSInit.
447 448 449 450 451
 * ---
 * i_key_type : 0->key1, 1->key2, 2->buskey.
 * i_varient : between 0 and 31.
 *****************************************************************************/
static void CSSCryptKey( int i_key_type, int i_varient,
452
                         u8 const * pi_challenge, u8* pi_key )
453 454
{
    /* Permutation table for challenge */
455
    u8      ppi_perm_challenge[3][10] =
456 457 458
            { { 1, 3, 0, 7, 5, 2, 9, 6, 4, 8 },
              { 6, 1, 9, 3, 8, 5, 7, 4, 0, 2 },
              { 4, 0, 3, 5, 7, 2, 8, 6, 1, 9 } };
459 460

    /* Permutation table for varient table for key2 and buskey */
461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469
    u8      ppi_perm_varient[2][32] =
            { { 0x0a, 0x08, 0x0e, 0x0c, 0x0b, 0x09, 0x0f, 0x0d,
                0x1a, 0x18, 0x1e, 0x1c, 0x1b, 0x19, 0x1f, 0x1d,
                0x02, 0x00, 0x06, 0x04, 0x03, 0x01, 0x07, 0x05,
                0x12, 0x10, 0x16, 0x14, 0x13, 0x11, 0x17, 0x15 },
              { 0x12, 0x1a, 0x16, 0x1e, 0x02, 0x0a, 0x06, 0x0e,
                0x10, 0x18, 0x14, 0x1c, 0x00, 0x08, 0x04, 0x0c,
                0x13, 0x1b, 0x17, 0x1f, 0x03, 0x0b, 0x07, 0x0f,
                0x11, 0x19, 0x15, 0x1d, 0x01, 0x09, 0x05, 0x0d } };
470

471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479
    u8      pi_varients[32] =
            {   0xB7, 0x74, 0x85, 0xD0, 0xCC, 0xDB, 0xCA, 0x73,
                0x03, 0xFE, 0x31, 0x03, 0x52, 0xE0, 0xB7, 0x42,
                0x63, 0x16, 0xF2, 0x2A, 0x79, 0x52, 0xFF, 0x1B,
                0x7A, 0x11, 0xCA, 0x1A, 0x9B, 0x40, 0xAD, 0x01 };

    /* The "secret" key */
    u8      pi_secret[5] = { 0x55, 0xD6, 0xC4, 0xC5, 0x28 };

480 481
    u8      pi_bits[30];
    u8      pi_scratch[10];
482 483
    u8      pi_tmp1[5];
    u8      pi_tmp2[5];
484 485
    u8      i_lfsr0_o;  /* 1 bit used */
    u8      i_lfsr1_o;  /* 1 bit used */
486 487 488
    u32     i_lfsr0;
    u32     i_lfsr1;
    u8      i_css_varient;
489 490 491 492 493
    u8      i_cse;
    u8      i_index;
    u8      i_combined;
    u8      i_carry;
    u8      i_val = 0;
494
    int     i_term = 0;
495 496
    int     i_bit;
    int     i;
497

498
    for (i = 9; i >= 0; --i)
499 500
        pi_scratch[i] = pi_challenge[ppi_perm_challenge[i_key_type][i]];

501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521
    i_css_varient = ( i_key_type == 0 ) ? i_varient :
                    ppi_perm_varient[i_key_type-1][i_varient];

    /*
     * This encryption engine implements one of 32 variations
     * one the same theme depending upon the choice in the
     * varient parameter (0 - 31).
     *
     * The algorithm itself manipulates a 40 bit input into
     * a 40 bit output.
     * The parameter 'input' is 80 bits.  It consists of
     * the 40 bit input value that is to be encrypted followed
     * by a 40 bit seed value for the pseudo random number
     * generators.
     */

    /* Feed the secret into the input values such that
     * we alter the seed to the LFSR's used above,  then
     * generate the bits to play with.
     */
    for( i = 5 ; --i >= 0 ; )
522
    {
523
        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_scratch[5 + i] ^ pi_secret[i] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i];
524 525
    }

526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548
    /*
     * We use two LFSR's (seeded from some of the input data bytes) to
     * generate two streams of pseudo-random bits.  These two bit streams
     * are then combined by simply adding with carry to generate a final
     * sequence of pseudo-random bits which is stored in the buffer that
     * 'output' points to the end of - len is the size of this buffer.
     *
     * The first LFSR is of degree 25,  and has a polynomial of:
     * x^13 + x^5 + x^4 + x^1 + 1
     *
     * The second LSFR is of degree 17,  and has a (primitive) polynomial of:
     * x^15 + x^1 + 1
     *
     * I don't know if these polynomials are primitive modulo 2,  and thus
     * represent maximal-period LFSR's.
     *
     *
     * Note that we take the output of each LFSR from the new shifted in
     * bit,  not the old shifted out bit.  Thus for ease of use the LFSR's
     * are implemented in bit reversed order.
     *
     */
    
549
    /* In order to ensure that the LFSR works we need to ensure that the
550 551 552 553
     * initial values are non-zero.  Thus when we initialise them from
     * the seed,  we ensure that a bit is set.
     */
    i_lfsr0 = ( pi_tmp1[0] << 17 ) | ( pi_tmp1[1] << 9 ) |
554 555
              (( pi_tmp1[2] & ~7 ) << 1 ) | 8 | ( pi_tmp1[2] & 7 );
    i_lfsr1 = ( pi_tmp1[3] << 9 ) | 0x100 | pi_tmp1[4];
556

557 558
    i_index = sizeof(pi_bits);
    i_carry = 0;
559

560
    do
561
    {
562 563
        for( i_bit = 0, i_val = 0 ; i_bit < 8 ; ++i_bit )
        {
564

565 566 567
            i_lfsr0_o = ( ( i_lfsr0 >> 24 ) ^ ( i_lfsr0 >> 21 ) ^
                        ( i_lfsr0 >> 20 ) ^ ( i_lfsr0 >> 12 ) ) & 1;
            i_lfsr0 = ( i_lfsr0 << 1 ) | i_lfsr0_o;
568

569 570
            i_lfsr1_o = ( ( i_lfsr1 >> 16 ) ^ ( i_lfsr1 >> 2 ) ) & 1;
            i_lfsr1 = ( i_lfsr1 << 1 ) | i_lfsr1_o;
571

572 573
#define  BIT0(x) ((x) & 1)
#define  BIT1(x) (((x) >> 1) & 1)
574

575 576 577 578 579 580 581
            i_combined = !i_lfsr1_o + i_carry + !i_lfsr0_o;
            /* taking bit 1 */
            i_carry = ( i_combined >> 1 ) & 1;
            i_val |= ( i_combined & 1 ) << i_bit;
        }
    
        pi_bits[--i_index] = i_val;
582
    } while( i_index > 0 );
583

584 585 586 587 588
    /* This term is used throughout the following to
     * select one of 32 different variations on the
     * algorithm.
     */
    i_cse = pi_varients[i_css_varient] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i_css_varient];
589

590 591 592
    /* Now the actual blocks doing the encryption.  Each
     * of these works on 40 bits at a time and are quite
     * similar.
593
     */
594
    i_index = 0;
595 596
    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_scratch[i] )
    {
597 598 599 600
        i_index = pi_bits[25 + i] ^ pi_scratch[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
601 602
    }
    pi_tmp1[4] ^= pi_tmp1[0];
603

604 605
    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp1[i] )
    {
606 607 608 609
        i_index = pi_bits[20 + i] ^ pi_tmp1[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_tmp2[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
610 611
    }
    pi_tmp2[4] ^= pi_tmp2[0];
612

613 614
    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp2[i] )
    {
615 616 617 618 619
        i_index = pi_bits[15 + i] ^ pi_tmp2[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;

        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_crypt_tab0[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i_index];
620 621
    }
    pi_tmp1[4] ^= pi_tmp1[0];
622

623 624
    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp1[i] )
    {
625 626 627 628 629 630
        i_index = pi_bits[10 + i] ^ pi_tmp1[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        i_index = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;

        pi_tmp2[i] = pi_crypt_tab0[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i_index];
631 632
    }
    pi_tmp2[4] ^= pi_tmp2[0];
633

634 635
    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp2[i] )
    {
636 637 638 639
        i_index = pi_bits[5 + i] ^ pi_tmp2[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
640 641
    }
    pi_tmp1[4] ^= pi_tmp1[0];
642

643
    for(i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp1[i] )
644
    {
645
        i_index = pi_bits[i] ^ pi_tmp1[i];
646 647 648
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_key[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
649 650 651 652 653 654 655
    }

    return;
}

/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSCracker : title key decryption by cracking
656 657
 * ---
 * This function is called by CSSGetKeys to find a key
658
 *****************************************************************************/
659 660 661 662 663
static int CSSCracker( int i_start,
                       unsigned char * p_crypted,
                       unsigned char * p_decrypted,
                       DVD_key_t * p_sector_key,
                       DVD_key_t * p_key )
664
{
665 666 667 668 669
    unsigned char pi_buffer[10];
    unsigned int i_t1, i_t2, i_t3, i_t4, i_t5, i_t6;
    unsigned int i_try;
    unsigned int i_candidate;
    unsigned int i, j;
670 671 672
    int i_exit = -1;


673
    for( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; i++ )
674
    {
675
        pi_buffer[i] = pi_css_tab1[p_crypted[i]] ^ p_decrypted[i];
676 677
    }

678
    for( i_try = i_start ; i_try < 0x10000 ; i_try++ )
679
    {
680 681 682 683
        i_t1 = i_try >> 8 | 0x100;
        i_t2 = i_try & 0xff;
        i_t3 = 0;               /* not needed */
        i_t5 = 0;
684 685 686 687 688

        /* iterate cipher 4 times to reconstruct LFSR2 */
        for( i = 0 ; i < 4 ; i++ )
        {
            /* advance LFSR1 normaly */
689 690 691 692 693 694 695
            i_t4 = pi_css_tab2[i_t2] ^ pi_css_tab3[i_t1];
            i_t2 = i_t1 >> 1;
            i_t1 = ( ( i_t1 & 1 ) << 8 ) ^ i_t4;
            i_t4 = pi_css_tab5[i_t4];
            /* deduce i_t6 & i_t5 */
            i_t6 = pi_buffer[i];
            if( i_t5 )
696
            {
697
                i_t6 = ( i_t6 + 0xff ) & 0x0ff;
698
            }
699
            if( i_t6 < i_t4 )
700
            {
701
                i_t6 += 0x100;
702
            }
703 704 705 706 707 708
            i_t6 -= i_t4;
            i_t5 += i_t6 + i_t4;
            i_t6 = pi_css_tab4[ i_t6 ];
            /* feed / advance i_t3 / i_t5 */
            i_t3 = ( i_t3 << 8 ) | i_t6;
            i_t5 >>= 8;
709 710
        }

711
        i_candidate = i_t3;
712 713

        /* iterate 6 more times to validate candidate key */
714
        for( ; i < 10 ; i++ )
715
        {
716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730
            i_t4 = pi_css_tab2[i_t2] ^ pi_css_tab3[i_t1];
            i_t2 = i_t1 >> 1;
            i_t1 = ( ( i_t1 & 1 ) << 8 ) ^ i_t4;
            i_t4 = pi_css_tab5[i_t4];
            i_t6 = ((((((( i_t3 >> 3 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 1 ) ^
                                         i_t3 ) >> 8 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 5 ) & 0xff;
            i_t3 = ( i_t3 << 8 ) | i_t6;
            i_t6 = pi_css_tab4[i_t6];
            i_t5 += i_t6 + i_t4;
            if( ( i_t5 & 0xff ) != pi_buffer[i] )
            {
                break;
            }

            i_t5 >>= 8;
731 732
        }

733
        if( i == 10 )
734 735
        {
            /* Do 4 backwards steps of iterating t3 to deduce initial state */
736
            i_t3 = i_candidate;
737 738
            for( i = 0 ; i < 4 ; i++ )
            {
739 740
                i_t1 = i_t3 & 0xff;
                i_t3 = ( i_t3 >> 8 );
741 742
                /* easy to code, and fast enough bruteforce
                 * search for byte shifted in */
743
                for( j = 0 ; j < 256 ; j++ )
744
                {
745 746 747 748 749 750 751
                    i_t3 = ( i_t3 & 0x1ffff) | ( j << 17 );
                    i_t6 = ((((((( i_t3 >> 3 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 1 ) ^
                                   i_t3 ) >> 8 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 5 ) & 0xff;
                    if( i_t6 == i_t1 )
                    {
                        break;
                    }
752 753 754
                }
            }

755 756
            i_t4 = ( i_t3 >> 1 ) - 4;
            for( i_t5 = 0 ; i_t5 < 8; i_t5++ )
757
            {
758 759
                if( ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) * 2 + 8 - ( (i_t4 + i_t5 ) & 7 ) )
                                                                      == i_t3 )
760
                {
761 762 763 764 765 766
                    (*p_key)[0] = i_try>>8;
                    (*p_key)[1] = i_try & 0xFF;
                    (*p_key)[2] = ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) >> 0) & 0xFF;
                    (*p_key)[3] = ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) >> 8) & 0xFF;
                    (*p_key)[4] = ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) >> 16) & 0xFF;
                    i_exit = i_try + 1;
767 768 769 770 771
                }
            }
        }
    }

772
    if( i_exit >= 0 )
773
    {
774 775 776 777 778
        (*p_key)[0] ^= (*p_sector_key)[0];
        (*p_key)[1] ^= (*p_sector_key)[1];
        (*p_key)[2] ^= (*p_sector_key)[2];
        (*p_key)[3] ^= (*p_sector_key)[3];
        (*p_key)[4] ^= (*p_sector_key)[4];
779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787
    }

    return i_exit;
}

/*
 * Authentication and keys
 */

788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806
/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSTest : check if the disc is encrypted or not
 *****************************************************************************/
int CSSTest( int i_fd )
{
    dvd_struct dvd;

    dvd.type = DVD_STRUCT_COPYRIGHT;
    dvd.copyright.layer_num = 0;

    if( ioctl( i_fd, DVD_READ_STRUCT, &dvd ) < 0 )
    {
        intf_ErrMsg( "DVD ioctl error" );
        return -1;
    }

    return dvd.copyright.cpst;
}

807 808
/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSInit : CSS Structure initialisation and DVD authentication.
809 810 811 812
 * It simulates the mutual authentication between logical unit and host.
 * ---
 * Since we don't need the disc key to find the title key, we just run the
 * basic unavoidable commands to authenticate device and disc.
813 814 815 816
 *****************************************************************************/

css_t CSSInit( int i_fd )
{
817 818
    /* structures defined in cdrom.h or dvdio.h */
    dvd_authinfo    auth_info;
819
    dvd_struct      dvd;
820

821
    css_t           css;
822
    int             i_error = -1;
823 824
    int             i;

825
    css.i_fd = i_fd;
826
    css.b_error = 0;
827

828
    memset( &auth_info, 0, sizeof(auth_info) );
829

830 831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839
    /* Test authentication success */
    switch( CSSGetASF( i_fd ) )
    {
    case -1:
        css.b_error = 1;
    case 1:
        return css;
    case 0:
        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Authenticating" );
    }
840 841

    /* Init sequence, request AGID */
842
    for( i = 1; i < 4 ; ++i )
843
    {
844 845 846 847 848
        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Request AGID %d", i );
        auth_info.type = DVD_LU_SEND_AGID;
        auth_info.lsa.agid = 0;
        i_error =  ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info );
        if( i_error != -1 )
849
        {
850 851 852
            /* No error during ioctl: we know if device
             * is authenticated */
            break;
853
        }
854 855 856 857 858

        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: AGID N/A, invalidating" );
        auth_info.type = DVD_INVALIDATE_AGID;
        auth_info.lsa.agid = 0;
        ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info );
859
    }
860 861 862

    /* Unable to authenticate without AGID */
    if( i_error == -1 )
863
    {
864 865 866
        css.b_error = 1;
        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Cannot get AGID" );
        return css;
867 868
    }

869
    for( i = 0 ; i < 10; ++i )
870
    {
871
        css.disc.pi_challenge[i] = i;
872 873
    }

874
    /* Send AGID to host */
875
    auth_info.type = DVD_HOST_SEND_CHALLENGE;
876

877
    /* Get challenge from host */
878
    for( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; ++i )
879
    {
880
        auth_info.hsc.chal[9-i] = css.disc.pi_challenge[i];
881
    }
882 883
    /* Returning data, let LU change state */
    css.i_agid = auth_info.lsa.agid;
884

885
    /* Send challenge to LU */
886
    if( ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info )<0 )
887
    {
888 889
        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Send challenge to LU failed ");
        css.b_error = 1;
890
        return css;
891 892
    }

893
    /* Get key1 from LU */
894
    if( ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) < 0)
895
    {
896 897
        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Get key1 from LU failed ");
        css.b_error = 1;
898
        return css;
899 900
    }

901
    /* Send key1 to host */
902
    for( i = 0 ; i < KEY_SIZE ; i++ )
903
    {
904
        css.disc.pi_key1[i] = auth_info.lsk.key[4-i];
905 906 907 908 909 910 911
    }

    for( i = 0 ; i < 32 ; ++i )
    {
        CSSCryptKey( 0, i, css.disc.pi_challenge,
                           css.disc.pi_key_check );

912
        if( memcmp( css.disc.pi_key_check,
913 914 915 916 917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926
                    css.disc.pi_key1, KEY_SIZE ) == 0 )
        {
            intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Drive Authentic - using varient %d", i);
            css.disc.i_varient = i;
            auth_info.type = DVD_LU_SEND_CHALLENGE;
            break;
        }
    }

    if( i == 32 )
    {
        intf_ErrMsg( "Drive would not Authenticate" );
        auth_info.type = DVD_AUTH_FAILURE;
        css.b_error = 1;
927
        return css;
928
    }
929 930

    /* Get challenge from LU */
931
    if( ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) < 0 )
932
    {
933 934
        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Get challenge from LU failed ");
        css.b_error = 1;
935
        return css;
936 937
    }

938
    /* Send challenge to host */
939
    for( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; ++i )
940
    {
941
        css.disc.pi_challenge[i] = auth_info.hsc.chal[9-i];
942 943
    }

944 945
    CSSCryptKey( 1, css.disc.i_varient, css.disc.pi_challenge,
                                                    css.disc.pi_key2 );
946
    auth_info.type = DVD_HOST_SEND_KEY2;
947

948
    /* Get key2 from host */
949
    for( i = 0 ; i < KEY_SIZE ; ++i )
950
    {
951
        auth_info.hsk.key[4-i] = css.disc.pi_key2[i];
952
    }
953
    /* Returning data, let LU change state */
954

955
    /* Send key2 to LU */
956
    if( ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) < 0 )
957
    {
958
        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Send key2 to LU failed (expected)" );
959 960
        return css;
    }
961

962
    if( auth_info.type == DVD_AUTH_ESTABLISHED )
963
    {
964
        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Authentication established");
965
    }
966
    else if( auth_info.type == DVD_AUTH_FAILURE )
967
    {
968 969
        css.b_error = 1;
        intf_ErrMsg("CSS: DVD authentication failed");
970 971
    }

972 973 974 975 976
    memcpy( css.disc.pi_challenge, css.disc.pi_key1, KEY_SIZE );
    memcpy( css.disc.pi_challenge+KEY_SIZE, css.disc.pi_key2, KEY_SIZE );
    CSSCryptKey( 2, css.disc.i_varient,
                    css.disc.pi_challenge,
                    css.disc.pi_key_check );
977

978
    intf_WarnMsg( 1, "CSS: Received Session Key" );
979

980 981
    if( css.i_agid < 0 )
    {
982
        css.b_error = 1;
983 984
        return css;
    }
985

986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995
    /* Test authentication success */
    switch( CSSGetASF( i_fd ) )
    {
    case -1:
        css.b_error = 1;
    case 1:
        return css;
    case 0:
        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Getting disc key" );
    }
996