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/*****************************************************************************
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 * vlc_es.h: Elementary stream formats descriptions
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 *****************************************************************************
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 * Copyright (C) 1999-2012 VLC authors and VideoLAN
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 * $Id$
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 *
 * Authors: Laurent Aimar <fenrir@via.ecp.fr>
 *
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LGPL  
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 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2.1 of the License, or
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 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
 * GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
 * Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301, USA.
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 *****************************************************************************/

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#ifndef VLC_ES_H
#define VLC_ES_H 1
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#include <vlc_common.h>
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#include <vlc_fourcc.h>
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#include <vlc_text_style.h>
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/**
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 * \file
 * This file defines the elementary streams format types
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 */
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/**
 * video palette data
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 * \see video_format_t
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 * \see subs_format_t
 */
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#define VIDEO_PALETTE_COLORS_MAX 256

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struct video_palette_t
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{
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    int i_entries;      /**< to keep the compatibility with libavcodec's palette */
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    uint8_t palette[VIDEO_PALETTE_COLORS_MAX][4];  /**< 4-byte RGBA/YUVA palette */
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};
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/**
 * audio replay gain description
 */
#define AUDIO_REPLAY_GAIN_MAX (2)
#define AUDIO_REPLAY_GAIN_TRACK (0)
#define AUDIO_REPLAY_GAIN_ALBUM (1)
typedef struct
{
    /* true if we have the peak value */
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    bool pb_peak[AUDIO_REPLAY_GAIN_MAX];
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    /* peak value where 1.0 means full sample value */
    float      pf_peak[AUDIO_REPLAY_GAIN_MAX];

    /* true if we have the gain value */
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    bool pb_gain[AUDIO_REPLAY_GAIN_MAX];
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    /* gain value in dB */
    float      pf_gain[AUDIO_REPLAY_GAIN_MAX];
} audio_replay_gain_t;

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/**
 * audio format description
 */
struct audio_format_t
{
    vlc_fourcc_t i_format;                          /**< audio format fourcc */
    unsigned int i_rate;                              /**< audio sample-rate */
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    /* Describes the channels configuration of the samples (ie. number of
     * channels which are available in the buffer, and positions). */
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    uint16_t     i_physical_channels;
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    /* Describes from which original channels, before downmixing, the
     * buffer is derived. */
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    uint32_t     i_original_channels;
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    /* Optional - for A/52, SPDIF and DTS types : */
    /* Bytes used by one compressed frame, depends on bitrate. */
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    unsigned int i_bytes_per_frame;
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    /* Number of sampleframes contained in one compressed frame. */
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    unsigned int i_frame_length;
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    /* Please note that it may be completely arbitrary - buffers are not
     * obliged to contain a integral number of so-called "frames". It's
     * just here for the division :
     * buffer_size = i_nb_samples * i_bytes_per_frame / i_frame_length
     */

    /* FIXME ? (used by the codecs) */
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    unsigned     i_bitspersample;
    unsigned     i_blockalign;
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    uint8_t      i_channels; /* must be <=32 */
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};

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/* Values available for audio channels */
#define AOUT_CHAN_CENTER            0x1
#define AOUT_CHAN_LEFT              0x2
#define AOUT_CHAN_RIGHT             0x4
#define AOUT_CHAN_REARCENTER        0x10
#define AOUT_CHAN_REARLEFT          0x20
#define AOUT_CHAN_REARRIGHT         0x40
#define AOUT_CHAN_MIDDLELEFT        0x100
#define AOUT_CHAN_MIDDLERIGHT       0x200
#define AOUT_CHAN_LFE               0x1000

#define AOUT_CHANS_FRONT  (AOUT_CHAN_LEFT       | AOUT_CHAN_RIGHT)
#define AOUT_CHANS_MIDDLE (AOUT_CHAN_MIDDLELEFT | AOUT_CHAN_MIDDLERIGHT)
#define AOUT_CHANS_REAR   (AOUT_CHAN_REARLEFT   | AOUT_CHAN_REARRIGHT)
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#define AOUT_CHANS_CENTER (AOUT_CHAN_CENTER     | AOUT_CHAN_REARCENTER)
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#define AOUT_CHANS_STEREO AOUT_CHANS_2_0
#define AOUT_CHANS_2_0    (AOUT_CHANS_FRONT)
#define AOUT_CHANS_2_1    (AOUT_CHANS_FRONT | AOUT_CHAN_LFE)
#define AOUT_CHANS_3_0    (AOUT_CHANS_FRONT | AOUT_CHAN_CENTER)
#define AOUT_CHANS_3_1    (AOUT_CHANS_3_0   | AOUT_CHAN_LFE)
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#define AOUT_CHANS_4_0    (AOUT_CHANS_FRONT | AOUT_CHANS_REAR)
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#define AOUT_CHANS_4_1    (AOUT_CHANS_4_0   | AOUT_CHAN_LFE)
#define AOUT_CHANS_5_0    (AOUT_CHANS_4_0   | AOUT_CHAN_CENTER)
#define AOUT_CHANS_5_1    (AOUT_CHANS_5_0   | AOUT_CHAN_LFE)
#define AOUT_CHANS_6_0    (AOUT_CHANS_4_0   | AOUT_CHANS_MIDDLE)
#define AOUT_CHANS_7_0    (AOUT_CHANS_6_0   | AOUT_CHAN_CENTER)
#define AOUT_CHANS_7_1    (AOUT_CHANS_5_1   | AOUT_CHANS_MIDDLE)
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#define AOUT_CHANS_8_1    (AOUT_CHANS_7_1   | AOUT_CHAN_REARCENTER)
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#define AOUT_CHANS_4_0_MIDDLE (AOUT_CHANS_FRONT | AOUT_CHANS_MIDDLE)
#define AOUT_CHANS_4_CENTER_REAR (AOUT_CHANS_FRONT | AOUT_CHANS_CENTER)
#define AOUT_CHANS_5_0_MIDDLE (AOUT_CHANS_4_0_MIDDLE | AOUT_CHAN_CENTER)
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#define AOUT_CHANS_6_1_MIDDLE (AOUT_CHANS_5_0_MIDDLE | AOUT_CHAN_REARCENTER | AOUT_CHAN_LFE)
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/* Values available for original channels only */
#define AOUT_CHAN_DOLBYSTEREO       0x10000
#define AOUT_CHAN_DUALMONO          0x20000
#define AOUT_CHAN_REVERSESTEREO     0x40000

#define AOUT_CHAN_PHYSMASK          0xFFFF
#define AOUT_CHAN_MAX               9

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/**
 * Picture orientation.
 */
typedef enum video_orientation_t
{
    ORIENT_TOP_LEFT = 0, /**< Top line represents top, left column left. */
    ORIENT_TOP_RIGHT, /**< Flipped horizontally */
    ORIENT_BOTTOM_LEFT, /**< Flipped vertically */
    ORIENT_BOTTOM_RIGHT, /**< Rotated 180 degrees */
    ORIENT_LEFT_TOP, /**< Transposed */
    ORIENT_LEFT_BOTTOM, /**< Rotated 90 degrees clockwise */
    ORIENT_RIGHT_TOP, /**< Rotated 90 degrees anti-clockwise */
    ORIENT_RIGHT_BOTTOM, /**< Anti-transposed */

    ORIENT_NORMAL      = ORIENT_TOP_LEFT,
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    ORIENT_TRANSPOSED  = ORIENT_LEFT_TOP,
    ORIENT_ANTI_TRANSPOSED = ORIENT_RIGHT_BOTTOM,
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    ORIENT_HFLIPPED    = ORIENT_TOP_RIGHT,
    ORIENT_VFLIPPED    = ORIENT_BOTTOM_LEFT,
    ORIENT_ROTATED_180 = ORIENT_BOTTOM_RIGHT,
    ORIENT_ROTATED_270 = ORIENT_LEFT_BOTTOM,
    ORIENT_ROTATED_90  = ORIENT_RIGHT_TOP,
} video_orientation_t;
/** Convert EXIF orientation to enum video_orientation_t */
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#define ORIENT_FROM_EXIF(exif) ((0x57642310U >> (4 * ((exif) - 1))) & 7)
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/** Convert enum video_orientation_t to EXIF */
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#define ORIENT_TO_EXIF(orient) ((0x76853421U >> (4 * (orient))) & 15)
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/** If the orientation is natural or mirrored */
#define ORIENT_IS_MIRROR(orient) parity(orient)
/** If the orientation swaps dimensions */
#define ORIENT_IS_SWAP(orient) (((orient) & 4) != 0)
/** Applies horizontal flip to an orientation */
#define ORIENT_HFLIP(orient) ((orient) ^ 1)
/** Applies vertical flip to an orientation */
#define ORIENT_VFLIP(orient) ((orient) ^ 2)
/** Applies horizontal flip to an orientation */
#define ORIENT_ROTATE_180(orient) ((orient) ^ 3)

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typedef enum video_transform_t
{
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    TRANSFORM_IDENTITY       = ORIENT_NORMAL,
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    TRANSFORM_HFLIP          = ORIENT_HFLIPPED,
    TRANSFORM_VFLIP          = ORIENT_VFLIPPED,
    TRANSFORM_R180           = ORIENT_ROTATED_180,
    TRANSFORM_R270           = ORIENT_ROTATED_270,
    TRANSFORM_R90            = ORIENT_ROTATED_90,
    TRANSFORM_TRANSPOSE      = ORIENT_TRANSPOSED,
    TRANSFORM_ANTI_TRANSPOSE = ORIENT_ANTI_TRANSPOSED
} video_transform_t;

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typedef enum video_multiview_mode_t
{
    /* No stereoscopy: 2D picture. */
    MULTIVIEW_2D = 0,

    /* Side-by-side with left eye first. */
    MULTIVIEW_STEREO_SBS,

    /* Top-bottom with left eye first. */
    MULTIVIEW_STEREO_TB,

    /* Row sequential with left eye first. */
    MULTIVIEW_STEREO_ROW,

    /* Column sequential with left eye first. */
    MULTIVIEW_STEREO_COL,

    /* Frame sequential with left eye first. */
    MULTIVIEW_STEREO_FRAME,

    /* Checkerboard pattern with left eye first. */
    MULTIVIEW_STEREO_CHECKERBOARD,
} video_multiview_mode_t;

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/**
 * Video projection mode.
 */
typedef enum video_projection_mode_t
{
    PROJECTION_MODE_RECTANGULAR = 0,
    PROJECTION_MODE_EQUIRECTANGULAR,

    PROJECTION_MODE_CUBEMAP_LAYOUT_STANDARD = 0x100,
} video_projection_mode_t;

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/**
 * Video color primaries (a.k.a. chromacities)
 */
typedef enum video_color_primaries_t
{
    COLOR_PRIMARIES_UNDEF,
    COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_525,
    COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_625,
    COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT709,
    COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT2020,
    COLOR_PRIMARIES_DCI_P3,
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    COLOR_PRIMARIES_FCC1953,
#define COLOR_PRIMARIES_SRGB            COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT709
#define COLOR_PRIMARIES_SMTPE_170       COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_525
#define COLOR_PRIMARIES_SMTPE_240       COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_525 /* Only differs from 1e10-4 in white Y */
#define COLOR_PRIMARIES_SMTPE_RP145     COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_525
#define COLOR_PRIMARIES_EBU_3213        COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_625
#define COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT470_BG        COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_625
#define COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT470_M         COLOR_PRIMARIES_FCC1953
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} video_color_primaries_t;

/**
 * Video transfer functions
 */
typedef enum video_transfer_func_t
{
    TRANSFER_FUNC_UNDEF,
    TRANSFER_FUNC_LINEAR,
    TRANSFER_FUNC_SRGB /*< Gamma 2.2 */,
    TRANSFER_FUNC_BT709,
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    TRANSFER_FUNC_SMPTE_ST2084,
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#define TRANSFER_FUNC_BT2020 TRANSFER_FUNC_BT709
} video_transfer_func_t;

/**
 * Video color space (i.e. YCbCr matrices)
 */
typedef enum video_color_space_t
{
    COLOR_SPACE_UNDEF,
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    COLOR_SPACE_BT601,
    COLOR_SPACE_BT709,
    COLOR_SPACE_BT2020,
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#define COLOR_SPACE_SRGB      COLOR_SPACE_BT709
#define COLOR_SPACE_SMPTE_170 COLOR_SPACE_BT601
#define COLOR_SPACE_SMPTE_240 COLOR_SPACE_SMPTE_170
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} video_color_space_t;

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/**
 * Video chroma location
 */
typedef enum video_chroma_location_t
{
    CHROMA_LOCATION_UNDEF,
    CHROMA_LOCATION_LEFT,   /*< Most common in MPEG-2 Video, H.264/265 */
    CHROMA_LOCATION_CENTER, /*< Most common in MPEG-1 Video, JPEG */
    CHROMA_LOCATION_TOP_LEFT,
    CHROMA_LOCATION_TOP_CENTER,
    CHROMA_LOCATION_BOTTOM_LEFT,
    CHROMA_LOCATION_BOTTOM_CENTER,
} video_chroma_location_t;

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#define FIELD_OF_VIEW_DEGREES_DEFAULT  80.f
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#define FIELD_OF_VIEW_DEGREES_MAX 150.f
#define FIELD_OF_VIEW_DEGREES_MIN 20.f
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/**
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 * video format description
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 */
struct video_format_t
{
    vlc_fourcc_t i_chroma;                               /**< picture chroma */

    unsigned int i_width;                                 /**< picture width */
    unsigned int i_height;                               /**< picture height */
    unsigned int i_x_offset;               /**< start offset of visible area */
    unsigned int i_y_offset;               /**< start offset of visible area */
    unsigned int i_visible_width;                 /**< width of visible area */
    unsigned int i_visible_height;               /**< height of visible area */

    unsigned int i_bits_per_pixel;             /**< number of bits per pixel */

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    unsigned int i_sar_num;                   /**< sample/pixel aspect ratio */
    unsigned int i_sar_den;

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    unsigned int i_frame_rate;                     /**< frame rate numerator */
    unsigned int i_frame_rate_base;              /**< frame rate denominator */
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    uint32_t i_rmask, i_gmask, i_bmask;      /**< color masks for RGB chroma */
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    int i_rrshift, i_lrshift;
    int i_rgshift, i_lgshift;
    int i_rbshift, i_lbshift;
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    video_palette_t *p_palette;              /**< video palette from demuxer */
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    video_orientation_t orientation;                /**< picture orientation */
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    video_color_primaries_t primaries;                  /**< color primaries */
    video_transfer_func_t transfer;                   /**< transfer function */
    video_color_space_t space;                        /**< YCbCr color space */
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    bool b_color_range_full;                    /**< 0-255 instead of 16-235 */
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    video_chroma_location_t chroma_location;      /**< YCbCr chroma location */
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    video_multiview_mode_t multiview_mode;        /** Multiview mode, 2D, 3D */

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    video_projection_mode_t projection_mode;            /**< projection mode */
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    struct {
        float f_yaw_degrees;       /**< view point yaw in degrees ]-180;180] */
        float f_pitch_degrees;     /**< view point pitch in degrees ]-90;90] */
        float f_roll_degrees;     /**< view point roll in degrees ]-180;180] */
        float f_fov_degrees;          /**< view point fov in degrees ]0;180[ */
    } pose;
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    uint32_t i_cubemap_padding; /**< padding in pixels of the cube map faces */
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};

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/**
 * Initialize a video_format_t structure with chroma 'i_chroma'
 * \param p_src pointer to video_format_t structure
 * \param i_chroma chroma value to use
 */
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static inline void video_format_Init( video_format_t *p_src, vlc_fourcc_t i_chroma )
{
    memset( p_src, 0, sizeof( video_format_t ) );
    p_src->i_chroma = i_chroma;
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    p_src->pose.f_fov_degrees = FIELD_OF_VIEW_DEGREES_DEFAULT;
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}

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/**
 * Copy video_format_t including the palette
 * \param p_dst video_format_t to copy to
 * \param p_src video_format_t to copy from
 */
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static inline int video_format_Copy( video_format_t *p_dst, const video_format_t *p_src )
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{
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    memcpy( p_dst, p_src, sizeof( *p_dst ) );
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    if( p_src->p_palette )
    {
        p_dst->p_palette = (video_palette_t *) malloc( sizeof( video_palette_t ) );
        if( !p_dst->p_palette )
            return VLC_ENOMEM;
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        memcpy( p_dst->p_palette, p_src->p_palette, sizeof( *p_dst->p_palette ) );
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    }
    return VLC_SUCCESS;
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}
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static inline void video_format_AdjustColorSpace( video_format_t *p_fmt )
{
    if ( p_fmt->primaries == COLOR_PRIMARIES_UNDEF )
    {
        if ( p_fmt->i_visible_height > 576 ) // HD
            p_fmt->primaries = COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT709;
        else if ( p_fmt->i_visible_height > 525 ) // PAL
            p_fmt->primaries = COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_625;
        else
            p_fmt->primaries = COLOR_PRIMARIES_BT601_525;
    }

    if ( p_fmt->transfer == TRANSFER_FUNC_UNDEF )
    {
        if ( p_fmt->i_visible_height > 576 ) // HD
            p_fmt->transfer = TRANSFER_FUNC_BT709;
        else
            p_fmt->transfer = TRANSFER_FUNC_SRGB;
    }

    if ( p_fmt->space == COLOR_SPACE_UNDEF )
    {
        if ( p_fmt->i_visible_height > 576 ) // HD
            p_fmt->space = COLOR_SPACE_BT709;
        else
            p_fmt->space = COLOR_SPACE_BT601;
    }
}

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/**
 * Cleanup and free palette of this video_format_t
 * \param p_src video_format_t structure to clean
 */
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static inline void video_format_Clean( video_format_t *p_src )
{
    free( p_src->p_palette );
    memset( p_src, 0, sizeof( video_format_t ) );
}

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/**
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 * It will fill up a video_format_t using the given arguments.
 * Note that the video_format_t must already be initialized.
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 */
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VLC_API void video_format_Setup( video_format_t *, vlc_fourcc_t i_chroma,
    int i_width, int i_height, int i_visible_width, int i_visible_height,
    int i_sar_num, int i_sar_den );
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/**
 * It will copy the crop properties from a video_format_t to another.
 */
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VLC_API void video_format_CopyCrop( video_format_t *, const video_format_t * );
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/**
 * It will compute the crop/ar properties when scaling.
 */
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VLC_API void video_format_ScaleCropAr( video_format_t *, const video_format_t * );
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/**
 * This function "normalizes" the formats orientation, by switching the a/r according to the orientation,
 * producing a format whose orientation is ORIENT_NORMAL. It makes a shallow copy (pallette is not alloc'ed).
 */
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VLC_API void video_format_ApplyRotation(video_format_t * /*restrict*/ out,
                                        const video_format_t *in);
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/**
 * This function applies the transform operation to fmt.
 */
VLC_API void video_format_TransformBy(video_format_t *fmt, video_transform_t transform);

/**
 * This function applies the transforms necessary to fmt so that the resulting fmt
 * has the dst_orientation.
 */
VLC_API void video_format_TransformTo(video_format_t *fmt, video_orientation_t dst_orientation);

/**
 * Returns the operation required to transform src into dst.
 */
VLC_API video_transform_t video_format_GetTransform(video_orientation_t src, video_orientation_t dst);

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/**
 * This function will check if the first video format is similar
 * to the second one.
 */
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VLC_API bool video_format_IsSimilar( const video_format_t *, const video_format_t * );
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/**
 * It prints details about the given video_format_t
 */
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VLC_API void video_format_Print( vlc_object_t *, const char *, const video_format_t * );
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static inline video_transform_t transform_Inverse( video_transform_t transform )
{
    switch ( transform ) {
        case TRANSFORM_R90:
            return TRANSFORM_R270;
        case TRANSFORM_R270:
            return TRANSFORM_R90;
        default:
            return transform;
    }
}
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/**
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 * subtitles format description
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 */
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struct subs_format_t
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{
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    /* the character encoding of the text of the subtitle.
     * all gettext recognized shorts can be used */
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    char *psz_encoding;

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    int  i_x_origin; /**< x coordinate of the subtitle. 0 = left */
    int  i_y_origin; /**< y coordinate of the subtitle. 0 = top */

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    struct
    {
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        /*  */
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        uint32_t palette[16+1];
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        /* the width of the original movie the spu was extracted from */
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        int i_original_frame_width;
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        /* the height of the original movie the spu was extracted from */
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        int i_original_frame_height;
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    } spu;
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    struct
    {
        int i_id;
    } dvb;
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    struct
    {
        int i_magazine;
        int i_page;
    } teletext;
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    text_style_t *p_style; /* Default styles to use */
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};
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/**
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 * ES language definition
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 */
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typedef struct extra_languages_t
{
        char *psz_language;
        char *psz_description;
} extra_languages_t;

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/**
 * ES format definition
 */
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#define ES_PRIORITY_NOT_SELECTABLE  -2
#define ES_PRIORITY_NOT_DEFAULTABLE -1
#define ES_PRIORITY_SELECTABLE_MIN   0
#define ES_PRIORITY_MIN ES_PRIORITY_NOT_SELECTABLE
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struct es_format_t
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{
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    int             i_cat;              /**< ES category @see es_format_category_e */
    vlc_fourcc_t    i_codec;            /**< FOURCC value as used in vlc */
    vlc_fourcc_t    i_original_fourcc;  /**< original FOURCC from the container */
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    int             i_id;       /**< es identifier, where means
                                    -1: let the core mark the right id
                                    >=0: valid id */
    int             i_group;    /**< group identifier, where means:
                                    -1 : standalone
                                    >= 0 then a "group" (program) is created
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                                        for each value */
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    int             i_priority; /**< priority, where means:
                                    -2 : mean not selectable by the users
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                                    -1 : mean not selected by default even
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                                         when no other stream
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                                    >=0: priority */
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    char            *psz_language;        /**< human-readable language name */
    char            *psz_description;     /**< human-readable description of language */
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    unsigned        i_extra_languages;    /**< length in bytes of extra language data pointer */
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    extra_languages_t *p_extra_languages; /**< extra language data needed by some decoders */
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    audio_format_t  audio;    /**< description of audio format */
    audio_replay_gain_t audio_replay_gain; /*< audio replay gain information */
    video_format_t video;     /**< description of video format */
    subs_format_t  subs;      /**< description of subtitle format */
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    unsigned int   i_bitrate; /**< bitrate of this ES */
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    int      i_profile;       /**< codec specific information (like real audio flavor, mpeg audio layer, h264 profile ...) */
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    int      i_level;         /**< codec specific information: indicates maximum restrictions on the stream (resolution, bitrate, codec features ...) */
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    bool     b_packetized;  /**< whether the data is packetized (ie. not truncated) */
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    int     i_extra;        /**< length in bytes of extra data pointer */
    void    *p_extra;       /**< extra data needed by some decoders or muxers */
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};
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/** ES Categories */
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enum es_format_category_e
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{
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    UNKNOWN_ES = 0x00,
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    VIDEO_ES,
    AUDIO_ES,
    SPU_ES,
    NAV_ES,
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};
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#define ES_CATEGORY_COUNT (NAV_ES + 1)
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/**
 * This function will fill all RGB shift from RGB masks.
 */
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VLC_API void video_format_FixRgb( video_format_t * );
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/**
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 * This function will initialize a es_format_t structure.
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 */
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VLC_API void es_format_Init( es_format_t *, int i_cat, vlc_fourcc_t i_codec );
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/**
 * This function will initialize a es_format_t structure from a video_format_t.
 */
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VLC_API void es_format_InitFromVideo( es_format_t *, const video_format_t * );
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/**
 * This functions will copy a es_format_t.
 */
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VLC_API int es_format_Copy( es_format_t *p_dst, const es_format_t *p_src );
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/**
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 * This function will clean up a es_format_t and release all associated
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 * resources.
 * You can call it multiple times on the same structure.
 */
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VLC_API void es_format_Clean( es_format_t *fmt );
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/**
 * This function will check if the first ES format is similar
 * to the second one.
 *
 * All descriptive fields are ignored.
 */
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VLC_API bool es_format_IsSimilar( const es_format_t *, const es_format_t * );
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#endif