dvd_css.c 44.6 KB
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/*****************************************************************************
 * dvd_css.c: Functions for DVD authentification and unscrambling
 *****************************************************************************
 * Copyright (C) 1999-2001 VideoLAN
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 * $Id: dvd_css.c,v 1.15 2001/02/22 08:44:45 stef Exp $
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 *
 * Author: Stphane Borel <stef@via.ecp.fr>
 *
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 * based on:
 *  - css-auth by Derek Fawcus <derek@spider.com>
 *  - DVD CSS ioctls example program by Andrew T. Veliath <andrewtv@usa.net>
 *  - The Divide and conquer attack by Frank A. Stevenson<frank@funcom.com>
 *  - DeCSSPlus by Ethan Hawke
 *  - DecVOB
 *  see http://www.lemuria.org/DeCSS/ by Tom Vogt for more information.
 * 
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 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111, USA.
 *****************************************************************************/

/*****************************************************************************
 * Preamble
 *****************************************************************************/
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#include "defs.h"

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#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_IOCTL_H
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# include <sys/ioctl.h>
#endif
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_DVDIO_H
# include <sys/dvdio.h>
#endif
#ifdef LINUX_DVD
# include <linux/cdrom.h>
#endif
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#include "common.h"
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#include "intf_msg.h"
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#include "dvd_css.h"
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#include "dvd_ioctl.h"
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#include "dvd_ifo.h"
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#include "input_dvd.h"
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/*****************************************************************************
 * CSS tables
 *****************************************************************************/
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static u8 pi_css_tab1[256]=
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{   0x33, 0x73, 0x3b, 0x26, 0x63, 0x23, 0x6b, 0x76,
    0x3e, 0x7e, 0x36, 0x2b, 0x6e, 0x2e, 0x66, 0x7b,
    0xd3, 0x93, 0xdb, 0x06, 0x43, 0x03, 0x4b, 0x96,
    0xde, 0x9e, 0xd6, 0x0b, 0x4e, 0x0e, 0x46, 0x9b,
    0x57, 0x17, 0x5f, 0x82, 0xc7, 0x87, 0xcf, 0x12,
    0x5a, 0x1a, 0x52, 0x8f, 0xca, 0x8a, 0xc2, 0x1f,
    0xd9, 0x99, 0xd1, 0x00, 0x49, 0x09, 0x41, 0x90,
    0xd8, 0x98, 0xd0, 0x01, 0x48, 0x08, 0x40, 0x91,
    0x3d, 0x7d, 0x35, 0x24, 0x6d, 0x2d, 0x65, 0x74,
    0x3c, 0x7c, 0x34, 0x25, 0x6c, 0x2c, 0x64, 0x75,
76
    0xdd, 0x9d, 0xd5, 0x04, 0x4d, 0x0d, 0x45, 0x94,
77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
    0xdc, 0x9c, 0xd4, 0x05, 0x4c, 0x0c, 0x44, 0x95,
    0x59, 0x19, 0x51, 0x80, 0xc9, 0x89, 0xc1, 0x10,
    0x58, 0x18, 0x50, 0x81, 0xc8, 0x88, 0xc0, 0x11,
    0xd7, 0x97, 0xdf, 0x02, 0x47, 0x07, 0x4f, 0x92,
    0xda, 0x9a, 0xd2, 0x0f, 0x4a, 0x0a, 0x42, 0x9f,
    0x53, 0x13, 0x5b, 0x86, 0xc3, 0x83, 0xcb, 0x16,
    0x5e, 0x1e, 0x56, 0x8b, 0xce, 0x8e, 0xc6, 0x1b,
    0xb3, 0xf3, 0xbb, 0xa6, 0xe3, 0xa3, 0xeb, 0xf6,
    0xbe, 0xfe, 0xb6, 0xab, 0xee, 0xae, 0xe6, 0xfb,
    0x37, 0x77, 0x3f, 0x22, 0x67, 0x27, 0x6f, 0x72,
    0x3a, 0x7a, 0x32, 0x2f, 0x6a, 0x2a, 0x62, 0x7f,
    0xb9, 0xf9, 0xb1, 0xa0, 0xe9, 0xa9, 0xe1, 0xf0,
    0xb8, 0xf8, 0xb0, 0xa1, 0xe8, 0xa8, 0xe0, 0xf1,
    0x5d, 0x1d, 0x55, 0x84, 0xcd, 0x8d, 0xc5, 0x14,
    0x5c, 0x1c, 0x54, 0x85, 0xcc, 0x8c, 0xc4, 0x15,
    0xbd, 0xfd, 0xb5, 0xa4, 0xed, 0xad, 0xe5, 0xf4,
    0xbc, 0xfc, 0xb4, 0xa5, 0xec, 0xac, 0xe4, 0xf5,
    0x39, 0x79, 0x31, 0x20, 0x69, 0x29, 0x61, 0x70,
    0x38, 0x78, 0x30, 0x21, 0x68, 0x28, 0x60, 0x71,
    0xb7, 0xf7, 0xbf, 0xa2, 0xe7, 0xa7, 0xef, 0xf2,
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    0xba, 0xfa, 0xb2, 0xaf, 0xea, 0xaa, 0xe2, 0xff
};
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static u8 pi_css_tab2[256]=
101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134
{   0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05, 0x06, 0x07,
    0x09, 0x08, 0x0b, 0x0a, 0x0d, 0x0c, 0x0f, 0x0e,
    0x12, 0x13, 0x10, 0x11, 0x16, 0x17, 0x14, 0x15,
    0x1b, 0x1a, 0x19, 0x18, 0x1f, 0x1e, 0x1d, 0x1c,
    0x24, 0x25, 0x26, 0x27, 0x20, 0x21, 0x22, 0x23,
    0x2d, 0x2c, 0x2f, 0x2e, 0x29, 0x28, 0x2b, 0x2a,
    0x36, 0x37, 0x34, 0x35, 0x32, 0x33, 0x30, 0x31,
    0x3f, 0x3e, 0x3d, 0x3c, 0x3b, 0x3a, 0x39, 0x38,
    0x49, 0x48, 0x4b, 0x4a, 0x4d, 0x4c, 0x4f, 0x4e,
    0x40, 0x41, 0x42, 0x43, 0x44, 0x45, 0x46, 0x47,
    0x5b, 0x5a, 0x59, 0x58, 0x5f, 0x5e, 0x5d, 0x5c,
    0x52, 0x53, 0x50, 0x51, 0x56, 0x57, 0x54, 0x55,
    0x6d, 0x6c, 0x6f, 0x6e, 0x69, 0x68, 0x6b, 0x6a,
    0x64, 0x65, 0x66, 0x67, 0x60, 0x61, 0x62, 0x63,
    0x7f, 0x7e, 0x7d, 0x7c, 0x7b, 0x7a, 0x79, 0x78,
    0x76, 0x77, 0x74, 0x75, 0x72, 0x73, 0x70, 0x71,
    0x92, 0x93, 0x90, 0x91, 0x96, 0x97, 0x94, 0x95,
    0x9b, 0x9a, 0x99, 0x98, 0x9f, 0x9e, 0x9d, 0x9c,
    0x80, 0x81, 0x82, 0x83, 0x84, 0x85, 0x86, 0x87,
    0x89, 0x88, 0x8b, 0x8a, 0x8d, 0x8c, 0x8f, 0x8e,
    0xb6, 0xb7, 0xb4, 0xb5, 0xb2, 0xb3, 0xb0, 0xb1,
    0xbf, 0xbe, 0xbd, 0xbc, 0xbb, 0xba, 0xb9, 0xb8,
    0xa4, 0xa5, 0xa6, 0xa7, 0xa0, 0xa1, 0xa2, 0xa3,
    0xad, 0xac, 0xaf, 0xae, 0xa9, 0xa8, 0xab, 0xaa,
    0xdb, 0xda, 0xd9, 0xd8, 0xdf, 0xde, 0xdd, 0xdc,
    0xd2, 0xd3, 0xd0, 0xd1, 0xd6, 0xd7, 0xd4, 0xd5,
    0xc9, 0xc8, 0xcb, 0xca, 0xcd, 0xcc, 0xcf, 0xce,
    0xc0, 0xc1, 0xc2, 0xc3, 0xc4, 0xc5, 0xc6, 0xc7,
    0xff, 0xfe, 0xfd, 0xfc, 0xfb, 0xfa, 0xf9, 0xf8,
    0xf6, 0xf7, 0xf4, 0xf5, 0xf2, 0xf3, 0xf0, 0xf1,
    0xed, 0xec, 0xef, 0xee, 0xe9, 0xe8, 0xeb, 0xea,
    0xe4, 0xe5, 0xe6, 0xe7, 0xe0, 0xe1, 0xe2, 0xe3
};

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static u8 pi_css_tab3[512]=
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{   0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
195 196 197 198 199 200
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff,
    0x00, 0x24, 0x49, 0x6d, 0x92, 0xb6, 0xdb, 0xff
};
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static u8 pi_css_tab4[256]=
203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233
{   0x00, 0x80, 0x40, 0xc0, 0x20, 0xa0, 0x60, 0xe0,
    0x10, 0x90, 0x50, 0xd0, 0x30, 0xb0, 0x70, 0xf0,
    0x08, 0x88, 0x48, 0xc8, 0x28, 0xa8, 0x68, 0xe8,
    0x18, 0x98, 0x58, 0xd8, 0x38, 0xb8, 0x78, 0xf8,
    0x04, 0x84, 0x44, 0xc4, 0x24, 0xa4, 0x64, 0xe4,
    0x14, 0x94, 0x54, 0xd4, 0x34, 0xb4, 0x74, 0xf4,
    0x0c, 0x8c, 0x4c, 0xcc, 0x2c, 0xac, 0x6c, 0xec,
    0x1c, 0x9c, 0x5c, 0xdc, 0x3c, 0xbc, 0x7c, 0xfc,
    0x02, 0x82, 0x42, 0xc2, 0x22, 0xa2, 0x62, 0xe2,
    0x12, 0x92, 0x52, 0xd2, 0x32, 0xb2, 0x72, 0xf2,
    0x0a, 0x8a, 0x4a, 0xca, 0x2a, 0xaa, 0x6a, 0xea,
    0x1a, 0x9a, 0x5a, 0xda, 0x3a, 0xba, 0x7a, 0xfa,
    0x06, 0x86, 0x46, 0xc6, 0x26, 0xa6, 0x66, 0xe6,
    0x16, 0x96, 0x56, 0xd6, 0x36, 0xb6, 0x76, 0xf6,
    0x0e, 0x8e, 0x4e, 0xce, 0x2e, 0xae, 0x6e, 0xee,
    0x1e, 0x9e, 0x5e, 0xde, 0x3e, 0xbe, 0x7e, 0xfe,
    0x01, 0x81, 0x41, 0xc1, 0x21, 0xa1, 0x61, 0xe1,
    0x11, 0x91, 0x51, 0xd1, 0x31, 0xb1, 0x71, 0xf1,
    0x09, 0x89, 0x49, 0xc9, 0x29, 0xa9, 0x69, 0xe9,
    0x19, 0x99, 0x59, 0xd9, 0x39, 0xb9, 0x79, 0xf9,
    0x05, 0x85, 0x45, 0xc5, 0x25, 0xa5, 0x65, 0xe5,
    0x15, 0x95, 0x55, 0xd5, 0x35, 0xb5, 0x75, 0xf5,
    0x0d, 0x8d, 0x4d, 0xcd, 0x2d, 0xad, 0x6d, 0xed,
    0x1d, 0x9d, 0x5d, 0xdd, 0x3d, 0xbd, 0x7d, 0xfd,
    0x03, 0x83, 0x43, 0xc3, 0x23, 0xa3, 0x63, 0xe3,
    0x13, 0x93, 0x53, 0xd3, 0x33, 0xb3, 0x73, 0xf3,
    0x0b, 0x8b, 0x4b, 0xcb, 0x2b, 0xab, 0x6b, 0xeb,
    0x1b, 0x9b, 0x5b, 0xdb, 0x3b, 0xbb, 0x7b, 0xfb,
    0x07, 0x87, 0x47, 0xc7, 0x27, 0xa7, 0x67, 0xe7,
    0x17, 0x97, 0x57, 0xd7, 0x37, 0xb7, 0x77, 0xf7,
    0x0f, 0x8f, 0x4f, 0xcf, 0x2f, 0xaf, 0x6f, 0xef,
234 235
    0x1f, 0x9f, 0x5f, 0xdf, 0x3f, 0xbf, 0x7f, 0xff
};
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static u8 pi_css_tab5[256]=
238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268
{   0xff, 0x7f, 0xbf, 0x3f, 0xdf, 0x5f, 0x9f, 0x1f,
    0xef, 0x6f, 0xaf, 0x2f, 0xcf, 0x4f, 0x8f, 0x0f,
    0xf7, 0x77, 0xb7, 0x37, 0xd7, 0x57, 0x97, 0x17,
    0xe7, 0x67, 0xa7, 0x27, 0xc7, 0x47, 0x87, 0x07,
    0xfb, 0x7b, 0xbb, 0x3b, 0xdb, 0x5b, 0x9b, 0x1b,
    0xeb, 0x6b, 0xab, 0x2b, 0xcb, 0x4b, 0x8b, 0x0b,
    0xf3, 0x73, 0xb3, 0x33, 0xd3, 0x53, 0x93, 0x13,
    0xe3, 0x63, 0xa3, 0x23, 0xc3, 0x43, 0x83, 0x03,
    0xfd, 0x7d, 0xbd, 0x3d, 0xdd, 0x5d, 0x9d, 0x1d,
    0xed, 0x6d, 0xad, 0x2d, 0xcd, 0x4d, 0x8d, 0x0d,
    0xf5, 0x75, 0xb5, 0x35, 0xd5, 0x55, 0x95, 0x15,
    0xe5, 0x65, 0xa5, 0x25, 0xc5, 0x45, 0x85, 0x05,
    0xf9, 0x79, 0xb9, 0x39, 0xd9, 0x59, 0x99, 0x19,
    0xe9, 0x69, 0xa9, 0x29, 0xc9, 0x49, 0x89, 0x09,
    0xf1, 0x71, 0xb1, 0x31, 0xd1, 0x51, 0x91, 0x11,
    0xe1, 0x61, 0xa1, 0x21, 0xc1, 0x41, 0x81, 0x01,
    0xfe, 0x7e, 0xbe, 0x3e, 0xde, 0x5e, 0x9e, 0x1e,
    0xee, 0x6e, 0xae, 0x2e, 0xce, 0x4e, 0x8e, 0x0e,
    0xf6, 0x76, 0xb6, 0x36, 0xd6, 0x56, 0x96, 0x16,
    0xe6, 0x66, 0xa6, 0x26, 0xc6, 0x46, 0x86, 0x06,
    0xfa, 0x7a, 0xba, 0x3a, 0xda, 0x5a, 0x9a, 0x1a,
    0xea, 0x6a, 0xaa, 0x2a, 0xca, 0x4a, 0x8a, 0x0a,
    0xf2, 0x72, 0xb2, 0x32, 0xd2, 0x52, 0x92, 0x12,
    0xe2, 0x62, 0xa2, 0x22, 0xc2, 0x42, 0x82, 0x02,
    0xfc, 0x7c, 0xbc, 0x3c, 0xdc, 0x5c, 0x9c, 0x1c,
    0xec, 0x6c, 0xac, 0x2c, 0xcc, 0x4c, 0x8c, 0x0c,
    0xf4, 0x74, 0xb4, 0x34, 0xd4, 0x54, 0x94, 0x14,
    0xe4, 0x64, 0xa4, 0x24, 0xc4, 0x44, 0x84, 0x04,
    0xf8, 0x78, 0xb8, 0x38, 0xd8, 0x58, 0x98, 0x18,
    0xe8, 0x68, 0xa8, 0x28, 0xc8, 0x48, 0x88, 0x08,
    0xf0, 0x70, 0xb0, 0x30, 0xd0, 0x50, 0x90, 0x10,
269 270 271
    0xe0, 0x60, 0xa0, 0x20, 0xc0, 0x40, 0x80, 0x00
};

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static u8 pi_crypt_tab0[256] = {
    0xB7, 0xF4, 0x82, 0x57, 0xDA, 0x4D, 0xDB, 0xE2,
    0x2F, 0x52, 0x1A, 0xA8, 0x68, 0x5A, 0x8A, 0xFF,
    0xFB, 0x0E, 0x6D, 0x35, 0xF7, 0x5C, 0x76, 0x12,
    0xCE, 0x25, 0x79, 0x29, 0x39, 0x62, 0x08, 0x24,
    0xA5, 0x85, 0x7B, 0x56, 0x01, 0x23, 0x68, 0xCF,
    0x0A, 0xE2, 0x5A, 0xED, 0x3D, 0x59, 0xB0, 0xA9,
    0xB0, 0x2C, 0xF2, 0xB8, 0xEF, 0x32, 0xA9, 0x40,
    0x80, 0x71, 0xAF, 0x1E, 0xDE, 0x8F, 0x58, 0x88,
    0xB8, 0x3A, 0xD0, 0xFC, 0xC4, 0x1E, 0xB5, 0xA0,
    0xBB, 0x3B, 0x0F, 0x01, 0x7E, 0x1F, 0x9F, 0xD9,
    0xAA, 0xB8, 0x3D, 0x9D, 0x74, 0x1E, 0x25, 0xDB,
    0x37, 0x56, 0x8F, 0x16, 0xBA, 0x49, 0x2B, 0xAC,
    0xD0, 0xBD, 0x95, 0x20, 0xBE, 0x7A, 0x28, 0xD0,
    0x51, 0x64, 0x63, 0x1C, 0x7F, 0x66, 0x10, 0xBB,
    0xC4, 0x56, 0x1A, 0x04, 0x6E, 0x0A, 0xEC, 0x9C,
    0xD6, 0xE8, 0x9A, 0x7A, 0xCF, 0x8C, 0xDB, 0xB1,
    0xEF, 0x71, 0xDE, 0x31, 0xFF, 0x54, 0x3E, 0x5E,
    0x07, 0x69, 0x96, 0xB0, 0xCF, 0xDD, 0x9E, 0x47,
    0xC7, 0x96, 0x8F, 0xE4, 0x2B, 0x59, 0xC6, 0xEE,
    0xB9, 0x86, 0x9A, 0x64, 0x84, 0x72, 0xE2, 0x5B,
    0xA2, 0x96, 0x58, 0x99, 0x50, 0x03, 0xF5, 0x38,
    0x4D, 0x02, 0x7D, 0xE7, 0x7D, 0x75, 0xA7, 0xB8,
    0x67, 0x87, 0x84, 0x3F, 0x1D, 0x11, 0xE5, 0xFC,
    0x1E, 0xD3, 0x83, 0x16, 0xA5, 0x29, 0xF6, 0xC7,
    0x15, 0x61, 0x29, 0x1A, 0x43, 0x4F, 0x9B, 0xAF,
    0xC5, 0x87, 0x34, 0x6C, 0x0F, 0x3B, 0xA8, 0x1D,
    0x45, 0x58, 0x25, 0xDC, 0xA8, 0xA3, 0x3B, 0xD1,
    0x79, 0x1B, 0x48, 0xF2, 0xE9, 0x93, 0x1F, 0xFC,
    0xDB, 0x2A, 0x90, 0xA9, 0x8A, 0x3D, 0x39, 0x18,
    0xA3, 0x8E, 0x58, 0x6C, 0xE0, 0x12, 0xBB, 0x25,
    0xCD, 0x71, 0x22, 0xA2, 0x64, 0xC6, 0xE7, 0xFB,
    0xAD, 0x94, 0x77, 0x04, 0x9A, 0x39, 0xCF, 0x7C};

static u8 pi_crypt_tab1[256] = {
    0x8C, 0x47, 0xB0, 0xE1, 0xEB, 0xFC, 0xEB, 0x56,
    0x10, 0xE5, 0x2C, 0x1A, 0x5D, 0xEF, 0xBE, 0x4F,
    0x08, 0x75, 0x97, 0x4B, 0x0E, 0x25, 0x8E, 0x6E,
    0x39, 0x5A, 0x87, 0x53, 0xC4, 0x1F, 0xF4, 0x5C,
    0x4E, 0xE6, 0x99, 0x30, 0xE0, 0x42, 0x88, 0xAB,
    0xE5, 0x85, 0xBC, 0x8F, 0xD8, 0x3C, 0x54, 0xC9,
    0x53, 0x47, 0x18, 0xD6, 0x06, 0x5B, 0x41, 0x2C,
    0x67, 0x1E, 0x41, 0x74, 0x33, 0xE2, 0xB4, 0xE0,
    0x23, 0x29, 0x42, 0xEA, 0x55, 0x0F, 0x25, 0xB4,
    0x24, 0x2C, 0x99, 0x13, 0xEB, 0x0A, 0x0B, 0xC9,
    0xF9, 0x63, 0x67, 0x43, 0x2D, 0xC7, 0x7D, 0x07,
    0x60, 0x89, 0xD1, 0xCC, 0xE7, 0x94, 0x77, 0x74,
    0x9B, 0x7E, 0xD7, 0xE6, 0xFF, 0xBB, 0x68, 0x14,
    0x1E, 0xA3, 0x25, 0xDE, 0x3A, 0xA3, 0x54, 0x7B,
    0x87, 0x9D, 0x50, 0xCA, 0x27, 0xC3, 0xA4, 0x50,
    0x91, 0x27, 0xD4, 0xB0, 0x82, 0x41, 0x97, 0x79,
    0x94, 0x82, 0xAC, 0xC7, 0x8E, 0xA5, 0x4E, 0xAA,
    0x78, 0x9E, 0xE0, 0x42, 0xBA, 0x28, 0xEA, 0xB7,
    0x74, 0xAD, 0x35, 0xDA, 0x92, 0x60, 0x7E, 0xD2,
    0x0E, 0xB9, 0x24, 0x5E, 0x39, 0x4F, 0x5E, 0x63,
    0x09, 0xB5, 0xFA, 0xBF, 0xF1, 0x22, 0x55, 0x1C,
    0xE2, 0x25, 0xDB, 0xC5, 0xD8, 0x50, 0x03, 0x98,
    0xC4, 0xAC, 0x2E, 0x11, 0xB4, 0x38, 0x4D, 0xD0,
    0xB9, 0xFC, 0x2D, 0x3C, 0x08, 0x04, 0x5A, 0xEF,
    0xCE, 0x32, 0xFB, 0x4C, 0x92, 0x1E, 0x4B, 0xFB,
    0x1A, 0xD0, 0xE2, 0x3E, 0xDA, 0x6E, 0x7C, 0x4D,
    0x56, 0xC3, 0x3F, 0x42, 0xB1, 0x3A, 0x23, 0x4D,
    0x6E, 0x84, 0x56, 0x68, 0xF4, 0x0E, 0x03, 0x64,
    0xD0, 0xA9, 0x92, 0x2F, 0x8B, 0xBC, 0x39, 0x9C,
    0xAC, 0x09, 0x5E, 0xEE, 0xE5, 0x97, 0xBF, 0xA5,
    0xCE, 0xFA, 0x28, 0x2C, 0x6D, 0x4F, 0xEF, 0x77,
    0xAA, 0x1B, 0x79, 0x8E, 0x97, 0xB4, 0xC3, 0xF4};

static u8 pi_crypt_tab2[256] = {
    0xB7, 0x75, 0x81, 0xD5, 0xDC, 0xCA, 0xDE, 0x66,
    0x23, 0xDF, 0x15, 0x26, 0x62, 0xD1, 0x83, 0x77,
    0xE3, 0x97, 0x76, 0xAF, 0xE9, 0xC3, 0x6B, 0x8E,
    0xDA, 0xB0, 0x6E, 0xBF, 0x2B, 0xF1, 0x19, 0xB4,
    0x95, 0x34, 0x48, 0xE4, 0x37, 0x94, 0x5D, 0x7B,
    0x36, 0x5F, 0x65, 0x53, 0x07, 0xE2, 0x89, 0x11,
    0x98, 0x85, 0xD9, 0x12, 0xC1, 0x9D, 0x84, 0xEC,
    0xA4, 0xD4, 0x88, 0xB8, 0xFC, 0x2C, 0x79, 0x28,
    0xD8, 0xDB, 0xB3, 0x1E, 0xA2, 0xF9, 0xD0, 0x44,
    0xD7, 0xD6, 0x60, 0xEF, 0x14, 0xF4, 0xF6, 0x31,
    0xD2, 0x41, 0x46, 0x67, 0x0A, 0xE1, 0x58, 0x27,
    0x43, 0xA3, 0xF8, 0xE0, 0xC8, 0xBA, 0x5A, 0x5C,
    0x80, 0x6C, 0xC6, 0xF2, 0xE8, 0xAD, 0x7D, 0x04,
    0x0D, 0xB9, 0x3C, 0xC2, 0x25, 0xBD, 0x49, 0x63,
    0x8C, 0x9F, 0x51, 0xCE, 0x20, 0xC5, 0xA1, 0x50,
    0x92, 0x2D, 0xDD, 0xBC, 0x8D, 0x4F, 0x9A, 0x71,
    0x2F, 0x30, 0x1D, 0x73, 0x39, 0x13, 0xFB, 0x1A,
    0xCB, 0x24, 0x59, 0xFE, 0x05, 0x96, 0x57, 0x0F,
    0x1F, 0xCF, 0x54, 0xBE, 0xF5, 0x06, 0x1B, 0xB2,
    0x6D, 0xD3, 0x4D, 0x32, 0x56, 0x21, 0x33, 0x0B,
    0x52, 0xE7, 0xAB, 0xEB, 0xA6, 0x74, 0x00, 0x4C,
    0xB1, 0x7F, 0x82, 0x99, 0x87, 0x0E, 0x5E, 0xC0,
    0x8F, 0xEE, 0x6F, 0x55, 0xF3, 0x7E, 0x08, 0x90,
    0xFA, 0xB6, 0x64, 0x70, 0x47, 0x4A, 0x17, 0xA7,
    0xB5, 0x40, 0x8A, 0x38, 0xE5, 0x68, 0x3E, 0x8B,
    0x69, 0xAA, 0x9B, 0x42, 0xA5, 0x10, 0x01, 0x35,
    0xFD, 0x61, 0x9E, 0xE6, 0x16, 0x9C, 0x86, 0xED,
    0xCD, 0x2E, 0xFF, 0xC4, 0x5B, 0xA0, 0xAE, 0xCC,
    0x4B, 0x3B, 0x03, 0xBB, 0x1C, 0x2A, 0xAC, 0x0C,
    0x3F, 0x93, 0xC7, 0x72, 0x7A, 0x09, 0x22, 0x3D,
    0x45, 0x78, 0xA9, 0xA8, 0xEA, 0xC9, 0x6A, 0xF7,
    0x29, 0x91, 0xF0, 0x02, 0x18, 0x3A, 0x4E, 0x7C};

static u8 pi_crypt_tab3[288] = {
    0x73, 0x51, 0x95, 0xE1, 0x12, 0xE4, 0xC0, 0x58,
    0xEE, 0xF2, 0x08, 0x1B, 0xA9, 0xFA, 0x98, 0x4C,
    0xA7, 0x33, 0xE2, 0x1B, 0xA7, 0x6D, 0xF5, 0x30,
    0x97, 0x1D, 0xF3, 0x02, 0x60, 0x5A, 0x82, 0x0F,
    0x91, 0xD0, 0x9C, 0x10, 0x39, 0x7A, 0x83, 0x85,
    0x3B, 0xB2, 0xB8, 0xAE, 0x0C, 0x09, 0x52, 0xEA,
    0x1C, 0xE1, 0x8D, 0x66, 0x4F, 0xF3, 0xDA, 0x92,
    0x29, 0xB9, 0xD5, 0xC5, 0x77, 0x47, 0x22, 0x53,
    0x14, 0xF7, 0xAF, 0x22, 0x64, 0xDF, 0xC6, 0x72,
    0x12, 0xF3, 0x75, 0xDA, 0xD7, 0xD7, 0xE5, 0x02,
    0x9E, 0xED, 0xDA, 0xDB, 0x4C, 0x47, 0xCE, 0x91,
    0x06, 0x06, 0x6D, 0x55, 0x8B, 0x19, 0xC9, 0xEF,
    0x8C, 0x80, 0x1A, 0x0E, 0xEE, 0x4B, 0xAB, 0xF2,
    0x08, 0x5C, 0xE9, 0x37, 0x26, 0x5E, 0x9A, 0x90,
    0x00, 0xF3, 0x0D, 0xB2, 0xA6, 0xA3, 0xF7, 0x26,
    0x17, 0x48, 0x88, 0xC9, 0x0E, 0x2C, 0xC9, 0x02,
    0xE7, 0x18, 0x05, 0x4B, 0xF3, 0x39, 0xE1, 0x20,
    0x02, 0x0D, 0x40, 0xC7, 0xCA, 0xB9, 0x48, 0x30,
    0x57, 0x67, 0xCC, 0x06, 0xBF, 0xAC, 0x81, 0x08,
    0x24, 0x7A, 0xD4, 0x8B, 0x19, 0x8E, 0xAC, 0xB4,
    0x5A, 0x0F, 0x73, 0x13, 0xAC, 0x9E, 0xDA, 0xB6,
    0xB8, 0x96, 0x5B, 0x60, 0x88, 0xE1, 0x81, 0x3F,
    0x07, 0x86, 0x37, 0x2D, 0x79, 0x14, 0x52, 0xEA,
    0x73, 0xDF, 0x3D, 0x09, 0xC8, 0x25, 0x48, 0xD8,
    0x75, 0x60, 0x9A, 0x08, 0x27, 0x4A, 0x2C, 0xB9,
    0xA8, 0x8B, 0x8A, 0x73, 0x62, 0x37, 0x16, 0x02,
    0xBD, 0xC1, 0x0E, 0x56, 0x54, 0x3E, 0x14, 0x5F,
    0x8C, 0x8F, 0x6E, 0x75, 0x1C, 0x07, 0x39, 0x7B,
    0x4B, 0xDB, 0xD3, 0x4B, 0x1E, 0xC8, 0x7E, 0xFE,
    0x3E, 0x72, 0x16, 0x83, 0x7D, 0xEE, 0xF5, 0xCA,
    0xC5, 0x18, 0xF9, 0xD8, 0x68, 0xAB, 0x38, 0x85,
    0xA8, 0xF0, 0xA1, 0x73, 0x9F, 0x5D, 0x19, 0x0B,
    0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
    0x33, 0x72, 0x39, 0x25, 0x67, 0x26, 0x6D, 0x71,
    0x36, 0x77, 0x3C, 0x20, 0x62, 0x23, 0x68, 0x74,
    0xC3, 0x82, 0xC9, 0x15, 0x57, 0x16, 0x5D, 0x81};
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/*
 * Local functions
 */

/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSGetASF : Get Authentification success flag
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 * ---
 * Returns :
 *  -1 on ioctl error,
 *  0 if the device needs to be authenticated,
 *  1 either.
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 *****************************************************************************/
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static int CSSGetASF( int i_fd )
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{
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    dvd_authinfo    auth_info;
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    auth_info.type = DVD_LU_SEND_ASF;
    auth_info.lsasf.asf = 0;
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    for( auth_info.lsasf.agid = 0 ; auth_info.lsasf.agid < 4 ;
                                                    auth_info.lsasf.agid++ )
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    {
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        if( !( dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) ) )
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        {
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            intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: %sAuthenticated",
                                    ( auth_info.lsasf.asf ) ? "" : "not " );
            return auth_info.lsasf.asf;
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        }
    }
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    /* The ioctl process has failed */
    intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: GetASF Fatal Error" );
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    return -1;
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}

/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSCryptKey : shuffles bits and unencrypt keys.
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 * Used during authentication and disc key negociation in CSSInit.
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 * ---
 * i_key_type : 0->key1, 1->key2, 2->buskey.
 * i_varient : between 0 and 31.
 *****************************************************************************/
static void CSSCryptKey( int i_key_type, int i_varient,
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                         u8 const * pi_challenge, u8* pi_key )
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{
    /* Permutation table for challenge */
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    u8      ppi_perm_challenge[3][10] =
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            { { 1, 3, 0, 7, 5, 2, 9, 6, 4, 8 },
              { 6, 1, 9, 3, 8, 5, 7, 4, 0, 2 },
              { 4, 0, 3, 5, 7, 2, 8, 6, 1, 9 } };
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    /* Permutation table for varient table for key2 and buskey */
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    u8      ppi_perm_varient[2][32] =
            { { 0x0a, 0x08, 0x0e, 0x0c, 0x0b, 0x09, 0x0f, 0x0d,
                0x1a, 0x18, 0x1e, 0x1c, 0x1b, 0x19, 0x1f, 0x1d,
                0x02, 0x00, 0x06, 0x04, 0x03, 0x01, 0x07, 0x05,
                0x12, 0x10, 0x16, 0x14, 0x13, 0x11, 0x17, 0x15 },
              { 0x12, 0x1a, 0x16, 0x1e, 0x02, 0x0a, 0x06, 0x0e,
                0x10, 0x18, 0x14, 0x1c, 0x00, 0x08, 0x04, 0x0c,
                0x13, 0x1b, 0x17, 0x1f, 0x03, 0x0b, 0x07, 0x0f,
                0x11, 0x19, 0x15, 0x1d, 0x01, 0x09, 0x05, 0x0d } };
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    u8      pi_varients[32] =
            {   0xB7, 0x74, 0x85, 0xD0, 0xCC, 0xDB, 0xCA, 0x73,
                0x03, 0xFE, 0x31, 0x03, 0x52, 0xE0, 0xB7, 0x42,
                0x63, 0x16, 0xF2, 0x2A, 0x79, 0x52, 0xFF, 0x1B,
                0x7A, 0x11, 0xCA, 0x1A, 0x9B, 0x40, 0xAD, 0x01 };

    /* The "secret" key */
    u8      pi_secret[5] = { 0x55, 0xD6, 0xC4, 0xC5, 0x28 };

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    u8      pi_bits[30];
    u8      pi_scratch[10];
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    u8      pi_tmp1[5];
    u8      pi_tmp2[5];
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    u8      i_lfsr0_o;  /* 1 bit used */
    u8      i_lfsr1_o;  /* 1 bit used */
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    u32     i_lfsr0;
    u32     i_lfsr1;
    u8      i_css_varient;
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    u8      i_cse;
    u8      i_index;
    u8      i_combined;
    u8      i_carry;
    u8      i_val = 0;
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    int     i_term = 0;
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    int     i_bit;
    int     i;
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    for (i = 9; i >= 0; --i)
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        pi_scratch[i] = pi_challenge[ppi_perm_challenge[i_key_type][i]];

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    i_css_varient = ( i_key_type == 0 ) ? i_varient :
                    ppi_perm_varient[i_key_type-1][i_varient];

    /*
     * This encryption engine implements one of 32 variations
     * one the same theme depending upon the choice in the
     * varient parameter (0 - 31).
     *
     * The algorithm itself manipulates a 40 bit input into
     * a 40 bit output.
     * The parameter 'input' is 80 bits.  It consists of
     * the 40 bit input value that is to be encrypted followed
     * by a 40 bit seed value for the pseudo random number
     * generators.
     */

    /* Feed the secret into the input values such that
     * we alter the seed to the LFSR's used above,  then
     * generate the bits to play with.
     */
    for( i = 5 ; --i >= 0 ; )
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    {
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        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_scratch[5 + i] ^ pi_secret[i] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i];
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    }

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    /*
     * We use two LFSR's (seeded from some of the input data bytes) to
     * generate two streams of pseudo-random bits.  These two bit streams
     * are then combined by simply adding with carry to generate a final
     * sequence of pseudo-random bits which is stored in the buffer that
     * 'output' points to the end of - len is the size of this buffer.
     *
     * The first LFSR is of degree 25,  and has a polynomial of:
     * x^13 + x^5 + x^4 + x^1 + 1
     *
     * The second LSFR is of degree 17,  and has a (primitive) polynomial of:
     * x^15 + x^1 + 1
     *
     * I don't know if these polynomials are primitive modulo 2,  and thus
     * represent maximal-period LFSR's.
     *
     *
     * Note that we take the output of each LFSR from the new shifted in
     * bit,  not the old shifted out bit.  Thus for ease of use the LFSR's
     * are implemented in bit reversed order.
     *
     */
    
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    /* In order to ensure that the LFSR works we need to ensure that the
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     * initial values are non-zero.  Thus when we initialise them from
     * the seed,  we ensure that a bit is set.
     */
    i_lfsr0 = ( pi_tmp1[0] << 17 ) | ( pi_tmp1[1] << 9 ) |
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              (( pi_tmp1[2] & ~7 ) << 1 ) | 8 | ( pi_tmp1[2] & 7 );
    i_lfsr1 = ( pi_tmp1[3] << 9 ) | 0x100 | pi_tmp1[4];
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    i_index = sizeof(pi_bits);
    i_carry = 0;
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    do
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    {
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        for( i_bit = 0, i_val = 0 ; i_bit < 8 ; ++i_bit )
        {
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            i_lfsr0_o = ( ( i_lfsr0 >> 24 ) ^ ( i_lfsr0 >> 21 ) ^
                        ( i_lfsr0 >> 20 ) ^ ( i_lfsr0 >> 12 ) ) & 1;
            i_lfsr0 = ( i_lfsr0 << 1 ) | i_lfsr0_o;
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            i_lfsr1_o = ( ( i_lfsr1 >> 16 ) ^ ( i_lfsr1 >> 2 ) ) & 1;
            i_lfsr1 = ( i_lfsr1 << 1 ) | i_lfsr1_o;
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#define  BIT0(x) ((x) & 1)
#define  BIT1(x) (((x) >> 1) & 1)
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            i_combined = !i_lfsr1_o + i_carry + !i_lfsr0_o;
            /* taking bit 1 */
            i_carry = ( i_combined >> 1 ) & 1;
            i_val |= ( i_combined & 1 ) << i_bit;
        }
    
        pi_bits[--i_index] = i_val;
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    } while( i_index > 0 );
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    /* This term is used throughout the following to
     * select one of 32 different variations on the
     * algorithm.
     */
    i_cse = pi_varients[i_css_varient] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i_css_varient];
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    /* Now the actual blocks doing the encryption.  Each
     * of these works on 40 bits at a time and are quite
     * similar.
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     */
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    i_index = 0;
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    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_scratch[i] )
    {
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        i_index = pi_bits[25 + i] ^ pi_scratch[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
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    }
    pi_tmp1[4] ^= pi_tmp1[0];
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    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp1[i] )
    {
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        i_index = pi_bits[20 + i] ^ pi_tmp1[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_tmp2[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
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    }
    pi_tmp2[4] ^= pi_tmp2[0];
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    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp2[i] )
    {
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        i_index = pi_bits[15 + i] ^ pi_tmp2[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;

        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_crypt_tab0[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i_index];
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    }
    pi_tmp1[4] ^= pi_tmp1[0];
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    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp1[i] )
    {
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        i_index = pi_bits[10 + i] ^ pi_tmp1[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        i_index = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;

        pi_tmp2[i] = pi_crypt_tab0[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab2[i_index];
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    }
    pi_tmp2[4] ^= pi_tmp2[0];
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    for( i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp2[i] )
    {
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        i_index = pi_bits[5 + i] ^ pi_tmp2[i];
        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_tmp1[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
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    }
    pi_tmp1[4] ^= pi_tmp1[0];
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    for(i = 5, i_term = 0 ; --i >= 0 ; i_term = pi_tmp1[i] )
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    {
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        i_index = pi_bits[i] ^ pi_tmp1[i];
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        i_index = pi_crypt_tab1[i_index] ^ ~pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ i_cse;

        pi_key[i] = pi_crypt_tab2[i_index] ^ pi_crypt_tab3[i_index] ^ i_term;
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    }

    return;
}

/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSCracker : title key decryption by cracking
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 * ---
 * This function is called by CSSGetKeys to find a key
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 *****************************************************************************/
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static int CSSCracker( int i_start,
                       unsigned char * p_crypted,
                       unsigned char * p_decrypted,
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                       dvd_key_t * p_sector_key,
                       dvd_key_t * p_key )
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{
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    unsigned char pi_buffer[10];
    unsigned int i_t1, i_t2, i_t3, i_t4, i_t5, i_t6;
    unsigned int i_try;
    unsigned int i_candidate;
    unsigned int i, j;
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    int i_exit = -1;


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    for( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; i++ )
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    {
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        pi_buffer[i] = pi_css_tab1[p_crypted[i]] ^ p_decrypted[i];
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    }

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    for( i_try = i_start ; i_try < 0x10000 ; i_try++ )
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    {
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        i_t1 = i_try >> 8 | 0x100;
        i_t2 = i_try & 0xff;
        i_t3 = 0;               /* not needed */
        i_t5 = 0;
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        /* iterate cipher 4 times to reconstruct LFSR2 */
        for( i = 0 ; i < 4 ; i++ )
        {
            /* advance LFSR1 normaly */
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            i_t4 = pi_css_tab2[i_t2] ^ pi_css_tab3[i_t1];
            i_t2 = i_t1 >> 1;
            i_t1 = ( ( i_t1 & 1 ) << 8 ) ^ i_t4;
            i_t4 = pi_css_tab5[i_t4];
            /* deduce i_t6 & i_t5 */
            i_t6 = pi_buffer[i];
            if( i_t5 )
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            {
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                i_t6 = ( i_t6 + 0xff ) & 0x0ff;
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            }
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            if( i_t6 < i_t4 )
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            {
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                i_t6 += 0x100;
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            }
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            i_t6 -= i_t4;
            i_t5 += i_t6 + i_t4;
            i_t6 = pi_css_tab4[ i_t6 ];
            /* feed / advance i_t3 / i_t5 */
            i_t3 = ( i_t3 << 8 ) | i_t6;
            i_t5 >>= 8;
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        }

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        i_candidate = i_t3;
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        /* iterate 6 more times to validate candidate key */
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        for( ; i < 10 ; i++ )
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        {
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            i_t4 = pi_css_tab2[i_t2] ^ pi_css_tab3[i_t1];
            i_t2 = i_t1 >> 1;
            i_t1 = ( ( i_t1 & 1 ) << 8 ) ^ i_t4;
            i_t4 = pi_css_tab5[i_t4];
            i_t6 = ((((((( i_t3 >> 3 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 1 ) ^
                                         i_t3 ) >> 8 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 5 ) & 0xff;
            i_t3 = ( i_t3 << 8 ) | i_t6;
            i_t6 = pi_css_tab4[i_t6];
            i_t5 += i_t6 + i_t4;
            if( ( i_t5 & 0xff ) != pi_buffer[i] )
            {
                break;
            }

            i_t5 >>= 8;
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        }

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        if( i == 10 )
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        {
            /* Do 4 backwards steps of iterating t3 to deduce initial state */
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            i_t3 = i_candidate;
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            for( i = 0 ; i < 4 ; i++ )
            {
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                i_t1 = i_t3 & 0xff;
                i_t3 = ( i_t3 >> 8 );
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                /* easy to code, and fast enough bruteforce
                 * search for byte shifted in */
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                for( j = 0 ; j < 256 ; j++ )
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                {
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                    i_t3 = ( i_t3 & 0x1ffff) | ( j << 17 );
                    i_t6 = ((((((( i_t3 >> 3 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 1 ) ^
                                   i_t3 ) >> 8 ) ^ i_t3 ) >> 5 ) & 0xff;
                    if( i_t6 == i_t1 )
                    {
                        break;
                    }
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                }
            }

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            i_t4 = ( i_t3 >> 1 ) - 4;
            for( i_t5 = 0 ; i_t5 < 8; i_t5++ )
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            {
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                if( ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) * 2 + 8 - ( (i_t4 + i_t5 ) & 7 ) )
                                                                      == i_t3 )
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                {
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                    (*p_key)[0] = i_try>>8;
                    (*p_key)[1] = i_try & 0xFF;
                    (*p_key)[2] = ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) >> 0) & 0xFF;
                    (*p_key)[3] = ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) >> 8) & 0xFF;
                    (*p_key)[4] = ( ( i_t4 + i_t5 ) >> 16) & 0xFF;
                    i_exit = i_try + 1;
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                }
            }
        }
    }

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    if( i_exit >= 0 )
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    {
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        (*p_key)[0] ^= (*p_sector_key)[0];
        (*p_key)[1] ^= (*p_sector_key)[1];
        (*p_key)[2] ^= (*p_sector_key)[2];
        (*p_key)[3] ^= (*p_sector_key)[3];
        (*p_key)[4] ^= (*p_sector_key)[4];
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    }

    return i_exit;
}

/*
 * Authentication and keys
 */

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/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSTest : check if the disc is encrypted or not
 *****************************************************************************/
int CSSTest( int i_fd )
{
    dvd_struct dvd;

    dvd.type = DVD_STRUCT_COPYRIGHT;
    dvd.copyright.layer_num = 0;

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    if( dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_READ_STRUCT, &dvd ) < 0 )
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    {
        intf_ErrMsg( "DVD ioctl error" );
        return -1;
    }

    return dvd.copyright.cpst;
}

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/*****************************************************************************
 * CSSInit : CSS Structure initialisation and DVD authentication.
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 * It simulates the mutual authentication between logical unit and host.
 * ---
 * Since we don't need the disc key to find the title key, we just run the
 * basic unavoidable commands to authenticate device and disc.
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 *****************************************************************************/

css_t CSSInit( int i_fd )
{
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    /* structures defined in cdrom.h or dvdio.h */
    dvd_authinfo    auth_info;
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    dvd_struct      dvd;
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    css_t           css;
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    int             i_error = -1;
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    int             i;

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    css.i_fd = i_fd;
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    css.b_error = 0;
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    memset( &auth_info, 0, sizeof(auth_info) );
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    /* Test authentication success */
    switch( CSSGetASF( i_fd ) )
    {
    case -1:
        css.b_error = 1;
    case 1:
        return css;
    case 0:
        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Authenticating" );
    }
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    /* Init sequence, request AGID */
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    for( i = 1; i < 4 ; ++i )
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    {
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        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Request AGID %d", i );
        auth_info.type = DVD_LU_SEND_AGID;
        auth_info.lsa.agid = 0;
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        i_error =  dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info );
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        if( i_error != -1 )
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        {
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            /* No error during ioctl: we know if device
             * is authenticated */
            break;
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        }
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        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: AGID N/A, invalidating" );
        auth_info.type = DVD_INVALIDATE_AGID;
        auth_info.lsa.agid = 0;
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        dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info );
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    }
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    /* Unable to authenticate without AGID */
    if( i_error == -1 )
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    {
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        css.b_error = 1;
        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Cannot get AGID" );
        return css;
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    }

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    for( i = 0 ; i < 10; ++i )
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    {
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        css.disc.pi_challenge[i] = i;
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    }

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    /* Send AGID to host */
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    auth_info.type = DVD_HOST_SEND_CHALLENGE;
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    /* Get challenge from host */
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    for( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; ++i )
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    {
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        auth_info.hsc.chal[9-i] = css.disc.pi_challenge[i];
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    }
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    /* Returning data, let LU change state */
    css.i_agid = auth_info.lsa.agid;
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    /* Send challenge to LU */
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    if( dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info )<0 )
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    {
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        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Send challenge to LU failed ");
        css.b_error = 1;
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        return css;
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    }

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    /* Get key1 from LU */
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    if( dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) < 0)
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    {
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        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Get key1 from LU failed ");
        css.b_error = 1;
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        return css;
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    }

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    /* Send key1 to host */
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    for( i = 0 ; i < KEY_SIZE ; i++ )
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    {
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        css.disc.pi_key1[i] = auth_info.lsk.key[4-i];
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    }

    for( i = 0 ; i < 32 ; ++i )
    {
        CSSCryptKey( 0, i, css.disc.pi_challenge,
                           css.disc.pi_key_check );

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        if( memcmp( css.disc.pi_key_check,
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                    css.disc.pi_key1, KEY_SIZE ) == 0 )
        {
            intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Drive Authentic - using varient %d", i);
            css.disc.i_varient = i;
            auth_info.type = DVD_LU_SEND_CHALLENGE;
            break;
        }
    }

    if( i == 32 )
    {
        intf_ErrMsg( "Drive would not Authenticate" );
        auth_info.type = DVD_AUTH_FAILURE;
        css.b_error = 1;
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        return css;
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    }
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    /* Get challenge from LU */
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    if( dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) < 0 )
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    {
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        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Get challenge from LU failed ");
        css.b_error = 1;
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        return css;
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    }

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    /* Send challenge to host */
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    for( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; ++i )
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    {
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        css.disc.pi_challenge[i] = auth_info.hsc.chal[9-i];
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    }

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    CSSCryptKey( 1, css.disc.i_varient, css.disc.pi_challenge,
                                                    css.disc.pi_key2 );
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    auth_info.type = DVD_HOST_SEND_KEY2;
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    /* Get key2 from host */
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    for( i = 0 ; i < KEY_SIZE ; ++i )
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    {
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        auth_info.hsk.key[4-i] = css.disc.pi_key2[i];
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    }
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    /* Returning data, let LU change state */
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    /* Send key2 to LU */
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    if( dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_AUTH, &auth_info ) < 0 )
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    {
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        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Send key2 to LU failed (expected)" );
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        return css;
    }
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    if( auth_info.type == DVD_AUTH_ESTABLISHED )
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    {
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        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Authentication established");
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    }
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    else if( auth_info.type == DVD_AUTH_FAILURE )
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    {
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        css.b_error = 1;
        intf_ErrMsg("CSS: DVD authentication failed");
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    }

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    memcpy( css.disc.pi_challenge, css.disc.pi_key1, KEY_SIZE );
    memcpy( css.disc.pi_challenge+KEY_SIZE, css.disc.pi_key2, KEY_SIZE );
    CSSCryptKey( 2, css.disc.i_varient,
                    css.disc.pi_challenge,
                    css.disc.pi_key_check );
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    intf_WarnMsg( 1, "CSS: Received Session Key" );
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    if( css.i_agid < 0 )
    {
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        css.b_error = 1;
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        return css;
    }
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    /* Test authentication success */
    switch( CSSGetASF( i_fd ) )
    {
    case -1:
        css.b_error = 1;
    case 1:
        return css;
    case 0:
        intf_WarnMsg( 3, "CSS: Getting disc key" );
    }
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    /* Get encrypted disc key */
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    dvd.type = DVD_STRUCT_DISCKEY;
    dvd.disckey.agid = css.i_agid;
    memset( dvd.disckey.value, 0, 2048 );
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    if( dvd_ioctl( i_fd, DVD_READ_STRUCT, &dvd ) < 0 )
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    {
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        intf_ErrMsg( "CSS: Could not read Disc Key" );
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        css.b_error = 1;
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        return css;
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    }
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#if 1