udp.c 18.5 KB
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/*****************************************************************************
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 * udp.c: raw UDP & RTP input module
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 *****************************************************************************
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 * Copyright (C) 2001-2005 the VideoLAN team
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 * $Id$
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 *
 * Authors: Christophe Massiot <massiot@via.ecp.fr>
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 *          Tristan Leteurtre <tooney@via.ecp.fr>
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 *          Laurent Aimar <fenrir@via.ecp.fr>
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 *          Jean-Paul Saman <jpsaman #_at_# m2x dot nl>
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 *
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 * Reviewed: 23 October 2003, Jean-Paul Saman <jpsaman _at_ videolan _dot_ org>
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 *
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 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301, USA.
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 *****************************************************************************/

/*****************************************************************************
 * Preamble
 *****************************************************************************/
#include <stdlib.h>

#include <vlc/vlc.h>
#include <vlc/input.h>

#include "network.h"

/*****************************************************************************
 * Module descriptor
 *****************************************************************************/
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#define CACHING_TEXT N_("Caching value in ms")
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#define CACHING_LONGTEXT N_( \
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    "Allows you to modify the default caching value for UDP streams. This " \
    "value should be set in millisecond units." )
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#define AUTO_MTU_TEXT N_("Autodetection of MTU")
#define AUTO_MTU_LONGTEXT N_( \
    "Allows growing the MTU if truncated packets are found" )

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#define RTP_LATE_TEXT N_("RTP reordering timeout in ms")
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#define RTP_LATE_LONGTEXT N_( \
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    "Allows you to modify the RTP reordering behaviour. " \
    "RTP input will wait for late packets upto " \
    "the specified timeout in milisecond units." )
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static int  Open ( vlc_object_t * );
static void Close( vlc_object_t * );

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vlc_module_begin();
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    set_shortname( _("UDP/RTP" ) );
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    set_description( _("UDP/RTP input") );
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    set_category( CAT_INPUT );
    set_subcategory( SUBCAT_INPUT_ACCESS );
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    add_integer( "udp-caching", DEFAULT_PTS_DELAY / 1000, NULL, CACHING_TEXT,
                 CACHING_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
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    add_integer( "rtp-late", 100, NULL, RTP_LATE_TEXT, RTP_LATE_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );

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    add_bool( "udp-auto-mtu", 1, NULL,
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              AUTO_MTU_TEXT, AUTO_MTU_LONGTEXT, VLC_TRUE );
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    set_capability( "access2", 0 );
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    add_shortcut( "udp" );
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    add_shortcut( "udpstream" );
    add_shortcut( "udp4" );
    add_shortcut( "udp6" );
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    add_shortcut( "rtp" );
    add_shortcut( "rtp4" );
    add_shortcut( "rtp6" );
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    set_callbacks( Open, Close );
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vlc_module_end();

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/*****************************************************************************
 * Local prototypes
 *****************************************************************************/
#define RTP_HEADER_LEN 12

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static block_t *BlockUDP( access_t * );
static block_t *BlockRTP( access_t * );
static block_t *BlockChoose( access_t * );
static int Control( access_t *, int, va_list );
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struct access_sys_t
{
    int fd;
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    int i_mtu;
    vlc_bool_t b_auto_mtu;
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    /* reorder rtp packets when out-of-sequence */
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    mtime_t i_rtp_late;
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    uint16_t i_last_seqno;
    block_t *p_list;
    block_t *p_end;
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};

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/*****************************************************************************
 * Open: open the socket
 *****************************************************************************/
static int Open( vlc_object_t *p_this )
{
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    access_t     *p_access = (access_t*)p_this;
    access_sys_t *p_sys;
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    char *psz_name = strdup( p_access->psz_path );
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    char *psz_parser, *psz_server_addr, *psz_bind_addr = "";
    int  i_bind_port, i_server_port = 0;
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    /* First set ipv4/ipv6 */
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    var_Create( p_access, "ipv4", VLC_VAR_BOOL | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
    var_Create( p_access, "ipv6", VLC_VAR_BOOL | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
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    if( *p_access->psz_access )
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    {
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        vlc_value_t val;
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        /* Find out which shortcut was used */
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        if( !strncmp( p_access->psz_access, "udp4", 6 ) ||
            !strncmp( p_access->psz_access, "rtp4", 6 ))
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        {
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            val.b_bool = VLC_TRUE;
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            var_Set( p_access, "ipv4", val );
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            val.b_bool = VLC_FALSE;
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            var_Set( p_access, "ipv6", val );
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        }
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        else if( !strncmp( p_access->psz_access, "udp6", 6 ) ||
                 !strncmp( p_access->psz_access, "rtp6", 6 ) )
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        {
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            val.b_bool = VLC_TRUE;
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            var_Set( p_access, "ipv6", val );
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            val.b_bool = VLC_FALSE;
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            var_Set( p_access, "ipv4", val );
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        }
    }

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    i_bind_port = var_CreateGetInteger( p_access, "server-port" );

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    /* Parse psz_name syntax :
     * [serveraddr[:serverport]][@[bindaddr]:[bindport]] */
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    psz_parser = strchr( psz_name, '@' );
    if( psz_parser != NULL )
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    {
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        /* Found bind address and/or bind port */
        *psz_parser++ = '\0';
        psz_bind_addr = psz_parser;
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        if( *psz_parser == '[' )
            /* skips bracket'd IPv6 address */
            psz_parser = strchr( psz_parser, ']' );
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        if( psz_parser != NULL )
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        {
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            psz_parser = strchr( psz_parser, ':' );
            if( psz_parser != NULL )
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            {
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                *psz_parser++ = '\0';
                i_bind_port = atoi( psz_parser );
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            }
        }
    }

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    psz_server_addr = psz_name;
    if( *psz_server_addr == '[' )
        /* skips bracket'd IPv6 address */
        psz_parser = strchr( psz_name, ']' );
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    if( psz_parser != NULL )
    {
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        psz_parser = strchr( psz_parser, ':' );
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        if( psz_parser != NULL )
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        {
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            *psz_parser++ = '\0';
            i_server_port = atoi( psz_parser );
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        }
    }

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    msg_Dbg( p_access, "opening server=%s:%d local=%s:%d",
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             psz_server_addr, i_server_port, psz_bind_addr, i_bind_port );

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    /* Set up p_access */
    p_access->pf_read = NULL;
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    p_access->pf_block = BlockChoose;
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    p_access->pf_control = Control;
    p_access->pf_seek = NULL;
    p_access->info.i_update = 0;
    p_access->info.i_size = 0;
    p_access->info.i_pos = 0;
    p_access->info.b_eof = VLC_FALSE;
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    p_access->info.b_prebuffered = VLC_FALSE;
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    p_access->info.i_title = 0;
    p_access->info.i_seekpoint = 0;

    p_access->p_sys = p_sys = malloc( sizeof( access_sys_t ) );
    p_sys->fd = net_OpenUDP( p_access, psz_bind_addr, i_bind_port,
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                                      psz_server_addr, i_server_port );
    if( p_sys->fd < 0 )
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    {
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        msg_Err( p_access, "cannot open socket" );
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        free( psz_name );
        free( p_sys );
        return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    }
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    free( psz_name );
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    net_StopSend( p_sys->fd );

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    /* FIXME */
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    p_sys->i_mtu = var_CreateGetInteger( p_access, "mtu" );
    if( p_sys->i_mtu <= 1 )
        p_sys->i_mtu  = 1500;   /* Avoid problem */
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    p_sys->b_auto_mtu = var_CreateGetBool( p_access, "udp-auto-mtu" );;
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    /* Update default_pts to a suitable value for udp access */
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    var_Create( p_access, "udp-caching", VLC_VAR_INTEGER | VLC_VAR_DOINHERIT );
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    /* RTP reordering for out-of-sequence packets */
    p_sys->i_rtp_late = var_CreateGetInteger( p_access, "rtp-late" ) * 1000;
    p_sys->i_last_seqno = 0;
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    p_sys->p_list = NULL;
    p_sys->p_end = NULL;
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    return VLC_SUCCESS;
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}
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/*****************************************************************************
 * Close: free unused data structures
 *****************************************************************************/
static void Close( vlc_object_t *p_this )
{
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    access_t     *p_access = (access_t*)p_this;
    access_sys_t *p_sys = p_access->p_sys;
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    block_ChainRelease( p_sys->p_list );
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    net_Close( p_sys->fd );
    free( p_sys );
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}

/*****************************************************************************
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 * Control:
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 *****************************************************************************/
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static int Control( access_t *p_access, int i_query, va_list args )
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{
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    access_sys_t *p_sys = p_access->p_sys;
    vlc_bool_t   *pb_bool;
    int          *pi_int;
    int64_t      *pi_64;

    switch( i_query )
    {
        /* */
        case ACCESS_CAN_SEEK:
        case ACCESS_CAN_FASTSEEK:
        case ACCESS_CAN_PAUSE:
        case ACCESS_CAN_CONTROL_PACE:
            pb_bool = (vlc_bool_t*)va_arg( args, vlc_bool_t* );
            *pb_bool = VLC_FALSE;
            break;
        /* */
        case ACCESS_GET_MTU:
            pi_int = (int*)va_arg( args, int * );
            *pi_int = p_sys->i_mtu;
            break;

        case ACCESS_GET_PTS_DELAY:
            pi_64 = (int64_t*)va_arg( args, int64_t * );
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            *pi_64 = var_GetInteger( p_access, "udp-caching" ) * 1000;
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            break;

        /* */
        case ACCESS_SET_PAUSE_STATE:
        case ACCESS_GET_TITLE_INFO:
        case ACCESS_SET_TITLE:
        case ACCESS_SET_SEEKPOINT:
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        case ACCESS_SET_PRIVATE_ID_STATE:
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            return VLC_EGENERIC;

        default:
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            msg_Warn( p_access, "unimplemented query in control" );
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            return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    }
    return VLC_SUCCESS;
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}

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/*****************************************************************************
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 * BlockUDP:
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 *****************************************************************************/
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static block_t *BlockUDP( access_t *p_access )
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{
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    access_sys_t *p_sys = p_access->p_sys;
    block_t      *p_block;
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    /* Read data */
    p_block = block_New( p_access, p_sys->i_mtu );
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    p_block->i_buffer = net_Read( p_access, p_sys->fd, NULL,
                                  p_block->p_buffer, p_sys->i_mtu,
                                  VLC_FALSE );
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    if( p_block->i_buffer <= 0 )
    {
        block_Release( p_block );
        return NULL;
    }
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    if( (p_block->i_buffer >= p_sys->i_mtu) && p_sys->b_auto_mtu &&
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        p_sys->i_mtu < 32767 )
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    {
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        /* Increase by 100% */
        p_sys->i_mtu *= 2;
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        msg_Dbg( p_access, "increasing MTU to %d", p_sys->i_mtu );
    }
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    return p_block;
}

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/*
 * rtp_ChainInsert - insert a p_block in the chain and
 * look at the sequence numbers.
 */
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static inline vlc_bool_t rtp_ChainInsert( access_t *p_access, block_t *p_block )
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{
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    access_sys_t *p_sys = (access_sys_t *) p_access->p_sys;
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    block_t *p_prev = NULL;
    block_t *p = p_sys->p_end;
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    uint16_t i_new = (uint16_t) p_block->i_dts;
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    uint16_t i_tmp = 0;
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    if( !p_sys->p_list )
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    {
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        p_sys->p_list = p_block;
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        p_sys->p_end = p_block;
        return VLC_TRUE;
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    }
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    /* walk through the queue from top down since the new packet is in 
    most cases just appended to the end */

    for( ;; )
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    {
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        i_tmp = i_new - (uint16_t) p->i_dts;
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        if( !i_tmp )   /* trash duplicate */
            break; 
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        if ( i_tmp < 32768 )
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        {   /* insert after this block ( i_new > p->i_dts ) */
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            p_block->p_next = p->p_next;
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            p->p_next = p_block;
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            p_block->p_prev = p;
            if (p_prev)
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            {
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                p_prev->p_prev = p_block;
                msg_Dbg(p_access, "RTP reordering: insert after %d, new %d", 
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                    (uint16_t) p->i_dts, i_new );
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            }
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            else 
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            {
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                p_sys->p_end = p_block;
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            }
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            return VLC_TRUE;
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        }
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        if( p == p_sys->p_list )
        {   /* we've reached bottom of chain */
            i_tmp = p_sys->i_last_seqno - i_new;
            if( !p_access->info.b_prebuffered || (i_tmp > 32767) )
            {
                msg_Dbg(p_access, "RTP reordering: prepend %d before %d", 
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                        i_new, (uint16_t) p->i_dts );
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                p_block->p_next = p;
                p->p_prev = p_block;
                p_sys->p_list = p_block;
                return VLC_TRUE;
            }
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            if( !i_tmp )   /* trash duplicate */
                break;    

            /* reordering failed - append the packet to the end of queue */
            msg_Dbg(p_access, "RTP: sequence changed (or buffer too small) "
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                "new: %d, buffer %d...%d", i_new, (uint16_t) p->i_dts, 
                (uint16_t) p_sys->p_end->i_dts);
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            p_sys->p_end->p_next = p_block;
            p_block->p_prev = p_sys->p_end;
            p_sys->p_end = p_block;
            return VLC_TRUE;
        }
        p_prev = p;
        p = p->p_prev;
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    }
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    block_Release( p_block );
    return VLC_FALSE;
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}

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/*****************************************************************************
 * BlockParseRTP/BlockRTP:
 *****************************************************************************/
static block_t *BlockParseRTP( access_t *p_access, block_t *p_block )
{
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    int      i_rtp_version;
    int      i_CSRC_count;
    int      i_payload_type;
    int      i_skip = 0;
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    int      i_extension_flag = 0;
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    int      i_extension_length = 0;
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    uint16_t i_sequence_number = 0;
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    if( p_block == NULL )
        return NULL;
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    if( p_block->i_buffer < RTP_HEADER_LEN )
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        goto trash;

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    /* Parse the header and make some verifications.
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     * See RFC 3550. */
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    i_rtp_version     = ( p_block->p_buffer[0] & 0xC0 ) >> 6;
    i_CSRC_count      = p_block->p_buffer[0] & 0x0F;
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    i_extension_flag  = p_block->p_buffer[0] & 0x10;
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    i_payload_type    = p_block->p_buffer[1] & 0x7F;
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    i_sequence_number = (p_block->p_buffer[2] << 8 ) + p_block->p_buffer[3];
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    if( i_rtp_version != 2 )
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        msg_Dbg( p_access, "RTP version is %u, should be 2", i_rtp_version );
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    if( i_payload_type == 14 || i_payload_type == 32)
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        i_skip = 4;
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    else if( i_payload_type !=  33 )
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        msg_Dbg( p_access, "unsupported RTP payload type (%u)", i_payload_type );
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    if( i_extension_flag )
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        i_extension_length = 4 +
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            4 * ( (p_block->p_buffer[14] << 8) + p_block->p_buffer[15] );
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    /* Skip header + CSRC extension field n*(32 bits) + extension */
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    i_skip += RTP_HEADER_LEN + 4*i_CSRC_count + i_extension_length;
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    if( i_skip >= p_block->i_buffer )
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        goto trash;
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    /* Return the packet without the RTP header, remember seqno in i_dts */
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    p_block->i_buffer -= i_skip;
    p_block->p_buffer += i_skip;
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    p_block->i_pts = mdate();
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    p_block->i_dts = (mtime_t) i_sequence_number;
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#if 0
    /* Emulate packet loss */
    if ( (i_sequence_number % 4000) == 0)
    {
        msg_Warn( p_access, "Emulating packet drop" );
        block_Release( p_block );
        return NULL;
    }
#endif
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    return p_block;
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trash:
    msg_Warn( p_access, "received a too short packet for RTP" );
    block_Release( p_block );
    return NULL;
}

static block_t *BlockPrebufferRTP( access_t *p_access, block_t *p_block )
{
    access_sys_t *p_sys = p_access->p_sys;
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    mtime_t   i_first = mdate();
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    int       i_count = 0;
    block_t   *p = p_block;

    for( ;; )
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    {
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        mtime_t i_date = mdate();
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        if( p && rtp_ChainInsert( p_access, p ))
            i_count++;

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        /* Require at least 2 packets in the buffer */
        if( i_count > 2 && (i_date - i_first) > p_sys->i_rtp_late )
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            break;

        p = BlockParseRTP( p_access, BlockUDP( p_access ));
        if( !p && (i_date - i_first) > p_sys->i_rtp_late ) 
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        {
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            msg_Err( p_access, "Error in RTP prebuffering!" );
            break;
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        }
    }
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    msg_Dbg( p_access, "RTP: prebuffered %d packets", i_count - 1 );
    p_access->info.b_prebuffered = VLC_TRUE;
    p = p_sys->p_list;
    p_sys->p_list = p_sys->p_list->p_next;
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    p_sys->i_last_seqno = (uint16_t) p->i_dts;
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    p->p_next = NULL;
    return p;
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}
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static block_t *BlockRTP( access_t *p_access )
{
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    access_sys_t *p_sys = p_access->p_sys;
    block_t *p;
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    while ( !p_sys->p_list || 
             ( mdate() - p_sys->p_list->i_pts ) < p_sys->i_rtp_late )
    {
        p = BlockParseRTP( p_access, BlockUDP( p_access ));
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        if ( !p ) 
            return NULL;
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        rtp_ChainInsert( p_access, p );
    }
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    p = p_sys->p_list;
    p_sys->p_list = p_sys->p_list->p_next;
    p_sys->i_last_seqno++;
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    if( p_sys->i_last_seqno != (uint16_t) p->i_dts )
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    {
        msg_Dbg( p_access, "RTP: packet(s) lost, expected %d, got %d",
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                 p_sys->i_last_seqno, (uint16_t) p->i_dts );
        p_sys->i_last_seqno = (uint16_t) p->i_dts;
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    }
    p->p_next = NULL;
    return p;
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}

/*****************************************************************************
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 * BlockChoose: decide between RTP and UDP
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 *****************************************************************************/
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static block_t *BlockChoose( access_t *p_access )
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{
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    block_t *p_block;
    int     i_rtp_version;
    int     i_CSRC_count;
    int     i_payload_type;
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    if( ( p_block = BlockUDP( p_access ) ) == NULL )
        return NULL;
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    if( p_block->p_buffer[0] == 0x47 )
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    {
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        msg_Dbg( p_access, "detected TS over raw UDP" );
        p_access->pf_block = BlockUDP;
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        p_access->info.b_prebuffered = VLC_TRUE;
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        return p_block;
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    }

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    if( p_block->i_buffer < RTP_HEADER_LEN )
        return p_block;

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    /* Parse the header and make some verifications.
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     * See RFC 3550. */
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    i_rtp_version  = ( p_block->p_buffer[0] & 0xC0 ) >> 6;
    i_CSRC_count   = ( p_block->p_buffer[0] & 0x0F );
    i_payload_type = ( p_block->p_buffer[1] & 0x7F );
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    if( i_rtp_version != 2 )
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    {
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        msg_Dbg( p_access, "no supported RTP header detected" );
        p_access->pf_block = BlockUDP;
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        p_access->info.b_prebuffered = VLC_TRUE;
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        return p_block;
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    }

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    switch( i_payload_type )
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    {
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        case 33:
            msg_Dbg( p_access, "detected TS over RTP" );
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            p_access->psz_demux = strdup( "ts" );
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            break;

        case 14:
            msg_Dbg( p_access, "detected MPEG audio over RTP" );
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            p_access->psz_demux = strdup( "mpga" );
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            break;

        case 32:
            msg_Dbg( p_access, "detected MPEG video over RTP" );
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            p_access->psz_demux = strdup( "mpgv" );
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            break;

        default:
            msg_Dbg( p_access, "no RTP header detected" );
            p_access->pf_block = BlockUDP;
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            p_access->info.b_prebuffered = VLC_TRUE;
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            return p_block;
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    }

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    if( !BlockParseRTP( p_access, p_block )) return NULL;

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    p_access->pf_block = BlockRTP;
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    return BlockPrebufferRTP( p_access, p_block );
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}