aacs.c 42.6 KB
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/*
 * This file is part of libaacs
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 * Copyright (C) 2009-2010  Obliter0n
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 * Copyright (C) 2009-2013  npzacs
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 *
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 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
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 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 * License along with this library. If not, see
 * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
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 */

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#if HAVE_CONFIG_H
#include "config.h"
#endif

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#include "util/attributes.h"
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#include "aacs-version.h"
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#include "aacs.h"
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#include "cci.h"
#include "cci_data.h"
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#include "content_cert.h"
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#include "crypto.h"
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#include "mmc.h"
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#include "mkb.h"
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#include "unit_key.h"
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#include "file/file.h"
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#include "file/keydbcfg.h"
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#include "util/macro.h"
#include "util/logging.h"
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#include "util/strutl.h"
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#include <inttypes.h>
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#include <string.h>
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#include <stdio.h>
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#ifdef HAVE_SYS_SELECT_H
#include <sys/select.h>
#endif
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#include <gcrypt.h>
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#define SECTOR_LEN       2048  /* bus encryption block size */
#define ALIGNED_UNIT_LEN 6144  /* aacs block size */


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struct aacs {
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    void           *fopen_handle;
    AACS_FILE_OPEN2 fopen;

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    /* current disc */
    char     *path;
    int       mkb_version;
    uint8_t   disc_id[20];

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    /* VID is cached for BD-J */
    uint8_t   vid[16];
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    /* PMSN is cached for BD-J */
    uint8_t   pmsn[16];
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    /* Media key is cached for BD+ */
    uint8_t   mk[16];
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    /* Unit keys */
    AACS_UK  *uk;
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    /* CPS unit of currently selected title */
    uint16_t  current_cps_unit;
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    uint8_t   cps_unit_selected;
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    int       no_cache; /* do not use cached keys */

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    /* bus encryption */
    int       bee;        /* bus encryption enabled flag in content certificate */
    int       bec;        /* bus encryption capable flag in drive certificate */
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    uint8_t   read_data_key[16];
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    uint8_t   drive_cert_hash[20];
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    /* content certificate */
    CONTENT_CERT *cc;

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    /* AACS Online (BD-J) */
    uint8_t   device_nonce[16];
    uint8_t   device_binding_id[16];
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};

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static const uint8_t empty_key[20] = { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
                                       0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
                                       0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };
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static const uint8_t aacs_iv[16]   = { 0x0b, 0xa0, 0xf8, 0xdd, 0xfe, 0xa6, 0x1f, 0xb3,
                                       0xd8, 0xdf, 0x9f, 0x56, 0x6a, 0x05, 0x0f, 0x78 };
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/*
 * Validate processing key using media key verification data
 */

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static int _validate_pk(const uint8_t *pk,
                        const uint8_t *cvalue, const uint8_t *uv, const uint8_t *vd,
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                        uint8_t *mk)
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{
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    gcry_cipher_hd_t gcry_h;
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    int a;
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    uint8_t dec_vd[16];
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    char str[40];
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Validate processing key %s...\n", str_print_hex(str, pk, 16));
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, " Using:\n");
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "   UV: %s\n", str_print_hex(str, uv, 4));
    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "   cvalue: %s\n", str_print_hex(str, cvalue, 16));
    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "   Verification data: %s\n", str_print_hex(str, vd, 16));
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    gcry_cipher_open(&gcry_h, GCRY_CIPHER_AES, GCRY_CIPHER_MODE_ECB, 0);
    gcry_cipher_setkey(gcry_h, pk, 16);
    gcry_cipher_decrypt(gcry_h, mk, 16, cvalue, 16);
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    for (a = 0; a < 4; a++) {
        mk[a + 12] ^= uv[a];
    }

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    gcry_cipher_setkey(gcry_h, mk, 16);
    gcry_cipher_decrypt (gcry_h, dec_vd, 16, vd, 16);
    gcry_cipher_close(gcry_h);
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    if (!memcmp(dec_vd, "\x01\x23\x45\x67\x89\xAB\xCD\xEF", 8)) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Processing key %s is valid!\n", str_print_hex(str, pk, 16));
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        return AACS_SUCCESS;
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    }

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    return AACS_ERROR_NO_PK;
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}
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/*
 * Revocation lists
 */

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static int _rl_verify_signature(const uint8_t *rl, size_t size)
{
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    if (size < 40) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "too small revocation list\n");
        return 0;
    }

    uint32_t entries = MKINT_BE32(rl + 12 + 8);
    if (entries >= (0xffffffff - 24 - 40) / 8) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "invalid revocation list\n");
        return 0;
    }
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    size_t len = 12 + 12 + 8 * entries; /* type_and_version_rec=12, rl_header=12, rl=entries*8 */
    if (len > size - 40) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "revocation list size mismatch\n");
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        return 0;
    }

    return crypto_aacs_verify_aacsla(rl + len, rl, len);
}

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static void _save_rl(const char *name, uint32_t version, const uint8_t *version_rec,
                     const uint8_t *rl_rec, size_t rl_len)
{
    int len     = MKINT_BE24(rl_rec - 3);
    int entries = MKINT_BE32(rl_rec + 4); /* entries in first signature block */
    if (len < 4 || !entries) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "ignoring empty %s\n", name);
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        return;
    }

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    rl_rec -= 4;
    rl_len += 4;
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    uint8_t *data = malloc(12 + rl_len);
    if (data) {
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        memcpy(data,      version_rec, 12);
        memcpy(data + 12, rl_rec,      rl_len);
        if (!_rl_verify_signature(data, rl_len + 12)) {
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            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "invalid %s signature, not using it\n", name);
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        } else {
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            cache_save(name, version, data, rl_len + 12);
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        }
        X_FREE(data);
    }
}

static void _update_rl(MKB *mkb)
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{
    uint32_t version = mkb_version(mkb);
    uint32_t cache_version;
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    size_t   rl_len;
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    if (!cache_get("drl", &cache_version, NULL, NULL, 0) || cache_version < version) {
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        const uint8_t *version_rec = mkb_type_and_version_record(mkb);
        const uint8_t *drl_rec     = mkb_drive_revokation_entries(mkb, &rl_len);
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        if (drl_rec && version_rec && rl_len > 8) {
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            _save_rl("drl", version, version_rec, drl_rec, rl_len);
        }
    }
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    if (!cache_get("hrl", &cache_version, NULL, NULL, 0) || cache_version < version) {
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        const uint8_t *version_rec = mkb_type_and_version_record(mkb);
        const uint8_t *hrl_rec     = mkb_host_revokation_entries(mkb, &rl_len);
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        if (hrl_rec && version_rec && rl_len > 8) {
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            _save_rl("hrl", version, version_rec, hrl_rec, rl_len);
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        }
    }
}

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/*
 * Derive media key using full set of device keys
 */

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static uint32_t _calc_v_mask(uint32_t uv)
{
    uint32_t v_mask = 0xffffffff;

    while (!(uv & ~v_mask)) {
        v_mask <<= 1;
    }

    return v_mask;
}

static void _calc_pk(const uint8_t *dk, uint8_t *pk, uint32_t uv, uint32_t v_mask, uint32_t dev_key_v_mask)
{
    unsigned char left_child[16], right_child[16];

    crypto_aesg3(dk, left_child, right_child, pk);

    while (dev_key_v_mask != v_mask) {

        int i;
        for (i = 31; i >= 0; i--) {
            if (!(dev_key_v_mask & (1ul << i))) {
                break;
            }
        }

        uint8_t curr_key[16];
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        if (i < 0 || !(uv & (1ul << i))) {
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            memcpy(curr_key, left_child, 16);
        } else {
            memcpy(curr_key, right_child, 16);
        }

        crypto_aesg3(curr_key, left_child, right_child, pk);

        dev_key_v_mask = ((int) dev_key_v_mask) >> 1;
    }

    char str[40];
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Processing key: %s\n",  str_print_hex(str, pk, 16));
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}

static dk_list *_find_dk(dk_list *dkl, uint32_t *p_dev_key_v_mask, uint32_t uv, uint32_t u_mask)
{
    uint32_t device_number = dkl->node;
    uint32_t dev_key_uv, dev_key_u_mask, dev_key_v_mask;
    unsigned key_idx = 0;

    for (; dkl; dkl = dkl->next) {
        if (device_number != dkl->node) {
            /* wrong device */
            continue;
        }
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        if (!dkl->uv) {
            continue;
        }
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        key_idx++;
        dev_key_uv     = dkl->uv;
        dev_key_u_mask = 0xffffffff << dkl->u_mask_shift;
        dev_key_v_mask = _calc_v_mask(dev_key_uv);

        if ((u_mask == dev_key_u_mask) &&
            ((uv & dev_key_v_mask) == (dev_key_uv & dev_key_v_mask))) {
            break;
        }
    }

    if (!dkl) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "could not find applying device key (device 0x%x)\n", device_number);
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    } else {
        char str[128];
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Applying device key is #%d %s\n", key_idx, str_print_hex(str, dkl->key, 16));
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "  UV: 0x%08x  U mask: 0x%08x  V mask: 0x%08x\n", dev_key_uv, dev_key_u_mask, dev_key_v_mask);
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        *p_dev_key_v_mask = dev_key_v_mask;
    }

    return dkl;
}

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static int _calc_mk_dks(MKB *mkb, dk_list *dkl, uint8_t *mk)
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{
    /* calculate processing key and media key using device keys */

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    const uint8_t *uvs, *cvalues, *mk_dv;
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    unsigned num_uvs;
    size_t len;
    char str[128];

    /* get mkb data */

    uvs     = mkb_subdiff_records(mkb, &len);
    cvalues = mkb_cvalues(mkb, &len);
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    mk_dv   = mkb_mk_dv(mkb);

    if (!uvs || !cvalues || !mk_dv) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Missing MKB records (uvs %p, cvalues %p, mk_dv %p)\n",
                 (const void*)uvs, (const void*)cvalues, (const void*)mk_dv);
        return AACS_ERROR_CORRUPTED_DISC;
    }

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    num_uvs = len / 5;

    if (num_uvs < 1) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "No UVS detected - corrupted disc\n");
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        return AACS_ERROR_CORRUPTED_DISC;
    }

    /* loop over all known devices */

    dk_list *dk_num;
    uint32_t device_number = (uint32_t)-1;

    for (dk_num = dkl; dk_num; dk_num = dk_num->next) {

        /* find next device */

        if (device_number == dk_num->node) {
            continue;
        }
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        device_number = dk_num->node;
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        /* find applying subset difference */

        unsigned uvs_idx;
        uint32_t u_mask, v_mask, uv;

        for (uvs_idx = 0; uvs_idx < num_uvs; uvs_idx++) {
            const uint8_t *p_uv = uvs + 1 + 5 * uvs_idx;
            uint8_t u_mask_shift = p_uv[-1];

            uv = MKINT_BE32(p_uv);
            if (!uv) {
                continue;
            }

            if (u_mask_shift & 0xc0) {
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                BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "device 0x%x is revoked\n", device_number);
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                uvs_idx = num_uvs;

            } else {

                u_mask = 0xffffffff << u_mask_shift;
                v_mask = _calc_v_mask(uv);

                if (((device_number & u_mask) == (uv & u_mask)) && ((device_number & v_mask) != (uv & v_mask))) {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        if (uvs_idx >= num_uvs) {
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            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "could not find applying subset-difference for device 0x%x\n", device_number);
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            /* try next device */
            continue;
        }

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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Applying subset-difference for device 0x%x is #%d:\n", device_number, uvs_idx);
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS,"  UV: 0x%08x  U mask: 0x%08x  V mask: 0x%08x\n", uv, u_mask, v_mask);
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        /* find applying device key */

        uint32_t dev_key_v_mask = 0;
        dk_list *dk;

        dk = _find_dk(dk_num, &dev_key_v_mask, uv, u_mask);
        if (!dk) {
            /* try next device */
            continue;
        }

        /* calculate processing key */

        uint8_t pk[16];
        _calc_pk(dk->key, pk, uv, v_mask, dev_key_v_mask);

        /* calculate and verify media key */

        if ( _validate_pk(pk,
                          cvalues + uvs_idx * 16,
                          uvs + 1 + uvs_idx * 5,
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                          mk_dv,
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                          mk)
             == AACS_SUCCESS) {

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            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Media key: %s\n", str_print_hex(str, mk, 16));
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            return AACS_SUCCESS;
        }

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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Processing key %s is invalid!\n", str_print_hex(str, pk, 16));
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        /* try next device */
    }

    return AACS_ERROR_NO_DK;
}

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/*
 * file access utils
 */

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static AACS_FILE_H *_file_open(AACS *aacs, const char *file)
{
    AACS_FILE_H *fp;
    char        *f_name;

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    if (aacs->fopen) {
        return aacs->fopen(aacs->fopen_handle, file);
    }
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    if (!aacs->path) {
        return NULL;
    }
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    f_name = str_printf("%s" DIR_SEP "%s", aacs->path, file);
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    if (!f_name) {
        return NULL;
    }
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    fp = file_open(f_name, "rb");
    X_FREE(f_name);

    return fp;
}

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static size_t _read_file(AACS *aacs, const char *file, void **data)
{
    AACS_FILE_H *fp = NULL;
    int64_t f_size;
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    size_t size;
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    *data = NULL;

    fp = _file_open(aacs, file);
    if (!fp) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Unable to open %s\n", file);
        return 0;
    }

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    f_size = file_size(fp);
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    size = f_size;
    if (f_size <= 0 || f_size != (int64_t)size) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Invalid size %"PRId64" for %s\n", f_size, file);
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        file_close(fp);
        return 0;
    }
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    *data = malloc(size);
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    if (*data) {
        if (file_read(fp, *data, f_size) != f_size) {
            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Failed reading %s\n", file);
            X_FREE(*data);
        }
    } else {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Out of memory\n");
    }

    file_close(fp);

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    return *data ? size : 0;
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}

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static MKB *_mkb_open(AACS *aacs)
{
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    size_t  size;
    void   *data;
    MKB    *mkb;
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    size = _read_file(aacs, "AACS" DIR_SEP "MKB_RO.inf", &data);
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    if (size < 4) {
        /* retry with backup file */
        X_FREE(data);
        size = _read_file(aacs, "AACS" DIR_SEP "DUPLICATE" DIR_SEP "MKB_RO.inf", &data);
    }
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    if (size < 4) {
        X_FREE(data);
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Error reading MKB file (AACS/MKB_RO.inf)\n");
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        return NULL;
    }

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    mkb = mkb_init(data, size);
    if (!mkb) {
        X_FREE(data);
    }
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    return mkb;
}

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/*
 * Calculate media key using a set of processing keys
 */

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static int _calc_mk_pks(MKB *mkb, pk_list *pkl, uint8_t *mk)
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{
    int a, num_uvs = 0;
    size_t len;
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    const uint8_t *rec, *uvs, *mk_dv;
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    mk_dv = mkb_mk_dv(mkb);
    if (!mk_dv) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Missing MKB DV record\n");
        return AACS_ERROR_CORRUPTED_DISC;
    }
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Get UVS...\n");
    uvs = mkb_subdiff_records(mkb, &len);
    rec = uvs;
    while (rec < uvs + len) {
        if (rec[0] & 0xc0)
            break;
        rec += 5;
        num_uvs++;
    }
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Get cvalues...\n");
    rec = mkb_cvalues(mkb, &len);
    if (!rec) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Missing MKB CVALUES record\n");
        return AACS_ERROR_CORRUPTED_DISC;
    }
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    for (; pkl; pkl = pkl->next) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Trying processing key...\n");
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        for (a = 0; a < num_uvs; a++) {
            if (AACS_SUCCESS == _validate_pk(pkl->key, rec + a * 16, uvs + 1 + a * 5, mk_dv, mk)) {
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                char str[40];
                BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Media key: %s\n", str_print_hex(str, mk, 16));
                return AACS_SUCCESS;
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            }
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        }
    }
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Error calculating media key. Missing right processing key ?\n");
    return AACS_ERROR_NO_PK;
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}

/*
 *
 */

static int _calc_mk(AACS *aacs, uint8_t *mk, pk_list *pkl, dk_list *dkl)
{
    MKB *mkb = NULL;
    int result = AACS_ERROR_NO_PK;

    /* Skip if retrieved from config file */
    if (memcmp(mk, empty_key, 16)) {
        return AACS_SUCCESS;
    }

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    /* get cached mk */
    if (!aacs->no_cache && keycache_find("mk", aacs->disc_id, mk, 16)) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Using cached MK\n");
        return AACS_SUCCESS;
    }

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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Calculate media key...\n");

    mkb = _mkb_open(aacs);
    if (!mkb) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Error calculating media key - Failed opening MKB\n");
        return AACS_ERROR_CORRUPTED_DISC;
    }

    aacs->mkb_version = mkb_version(mkb);
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    if (!aacs->no_cache) {
        _update_rl(mkb);
    }
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    /* try device keys first */
    if (dkl) {
        result = _calc_mk_dks(mkb, dkl, mk);
    }
    if (result != AACS_SUCCESS) {
        result = _calc_mk_pks(mkb, pkl, mk);
    }

    if (result == AACS_SUCCESS) {
        memcpy(aacs->mk, mk, sizeof(aacs->mk));
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        /* cache mk */
        if (!aacs->no_cache) {
            if (memcmp(aacs->disc_id, empty_key, sizeof(aacs->disc_id))) {
                keycache_save("mk", aacs->disc_id, mk, 16);
            }
        }
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    }
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    mkb_close(mkb);
    return result;
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}
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/*
 * MMC device access
 */

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static int _mmc_read_auth(AACS *aacs, cert_list *hcl, int type, uint8_t *p1, uint8_t *p2)
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{
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    MMC* mmc = NULL;
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    if (!(mmc = mmc_open(aacs->path))) {
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        return AACS_ERROR_MMC_OPEN;
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    }

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    int error_code = AACS_ERROR_NO_CERT;

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    const uint8_t *drive_cert = mmc_get_drive_cert(mmc);
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    for (; hcl ; hcl = hcl->next) {
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        char tmp_str[2*92+1];

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        if (!crypto_aacs_verify_host_cert(hcl->host_cert)) {
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            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Not using invalid host certificate %s.\n",
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                  str_print_hex(tmp_str, hcl->host_cert, 92));
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            continue;
        }
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        if (drive_cert && (drive_cert[1] & 0x01) && !(hcl->host_cert[1] & 0x01)) {
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            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Certificate (id 0x%s) does not support bus encryption\n",
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                  str_print_hex(tmp_str, hcl->host_cert + 4, 6));
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            //continue;
        }

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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Trying host certificate (id 0x%s)...\n",
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              str_print_hex(tmp_str, hcl->host_cert + 4, 6));
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        int mmc_result = mmc_read_auth(mmc, hcl->host_priv_key, hcl->host_cert, type, p1, p2);
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        switch (mmc_result) {
            case MMC_SUCCESS:
                mmc_close(mmc);
                return AACS_SUCCESS;
            case MMC_ERROR_CERT_REVOKED:
                error_code = AACS_ERROR_CERT_REVOKED;
                break;
            case MMC_ERROR:
            default:
                error_code = AACS_ERROR_MMC_FAILURE;
                break;
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        }
    }

    mmc_close(mmc);

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    return error_code;
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}
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static int _read_vid(AACS *aacs, cert_list *hcl)
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{
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    /* Use VID given in config file if available */
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    if (memcmp(aacs->vid, empty_key, sizeof(aacs->vid))) {
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        return AACS_SUCCESS;
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    }

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    int error_code = _mmc_read_auth(aacs, hcl, MMC_READ_VID, aacs->vid, NULL);
    if (error_code != AACS_SUCCESS) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Error reading VID!\n");
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    } else {
        /* cache vid */
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        if (!aacs->no_cache) {
            if (memcmp(aacs->disc_id, empty_key, sizeof(aacs->disc_id))) {
                keycache_save("vid", aacs->disc_id, aacs->vid, 16);
            }
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        }
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    }
    return error_code;
}

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static int _read_read_data_key(AACS *aacs, cert_list *hcl)
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{
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    int error_code;
    char *cache_path = NULL;
    char str[41];

    cache_path = str_printf("rdk" DIR_SEP "%s", str_print_hex(str, aacs->drive_cert_hash, 20));

    error_code =_mmc_read_auth(aacs, hcl, MMC_READ_DATA_KEYS, aacs->read_data_key, NULL);
    if (error_code == AACS_SUCCESS) {
        /* cache read data key */
        if (!aacs->no_cache) {
            keycache_save(cache_path, aacs->disc_id, aacs->read_data_key, 16);
        }

    } else {
        /* get cached read data key */
        if (!aacs->no_cache && keycache_find(cache_path, aacs->disc_id, aacs->read_data_key, 16)) {
            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Using cached READ DATA KEY\n");
            error_code = AACS_SUCCESS;
        }
    }

    X_FREE(cache_path);

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    if (error_code != AACS_SUCCESS) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Error reading data keys!\n");
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    }
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    return error_code;
}
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static int _read_pmsn(AACS *aacs, cert_list *hcl)
{
    int error_code = _mmc_read_auth(aacs, hcl, MMC_READ_PMSN, aacs->pmsn, NULL);
    if (error_code != AACS_SUCCESS) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Error reading PMSN!\n");
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    }
    return error_code;
}

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/*
 * Unit key calculation
 */

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static int _calc_vuk(AACS *aacs, uint8_t *mk, uint8_t *vuk, config_file *cf)
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{
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    int error_code;

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    /* Skip if retrieved from config file */
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    if (memcmp(vuk, empty_key, 16)) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Using VUK from config file\n");
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        return AACS_SUCCESS;
    }
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    /* get cached vuk */
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    if (!aacs->no_cache && keycache_find("vuk", aacs->disc_id, vuk, 16)) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Using cached VUK\n");
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        return AACS_SUCCESS;
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    }

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    if (!cf) {
        return AACS_ERROR_NO_CONFIG;
    }

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    /* make sure we have media key */
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    error_code = _calc_mk(aacs, mk, cf->pkl, cf->dkl);
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    if (error_code != AACS_SUCCESS) {
        return error_code;
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    }

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    /* acquire VID */
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    error_code = _read_vid(aacs, cf->host_cert_list);
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    if (error_code != AACS_SUCCESS) {
        return error_code;
    }
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    /* calculate VUK */
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    crypto_aes128d(mk, aacs->vid, vuk);
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    int a;
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    for (a = 0; a < 16; a++) {
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        vuk[a] ^= aacs->vid[a];
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    }
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    char str[40];
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Volume unique key: %s\n", str_print_hex(str, vuk, 16));
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    /* cache vuk */
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    if (!aacs->no_cache) {
        if (memcmp(aacs->disc_id, empty_key, sizeof(aacs->disc_id))) {
            keycache_save("vuk", aacs->disc_id, vuk, 16);
        }
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    }
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    return AACS_SUCCESS;
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}

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/* Function that collects keys from keydb config entry */
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static void _find_config_entry(AACS *aacs, title_entry_list *ce,
                               uint8_t *mk, uint8_t *vuk)
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{
    char str[48];
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    char str2[48];
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    while (ce) {
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        if (!memcmp(aacs->disc_id, ce->entry.discid, 20)) {
            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Found config entry for discid %s\n",
                     str_print_hex(str, ce->entry.discid, 20));
            break;
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        }

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        ce = ce->next;
    }
    if (!ce) {
        return;
    }
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    if (memcmp(ce->entry.mk, empty_key, 16)) {
        memcpy(mk, ce->entry.mk, 16);
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        memcpy(aacs->mk, mk, 16);
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Found media key for %s: %s\n",
                 str_print_hex(str2, ce->entry.discid, 20), str_print_hex(str, mk, 16));
    }
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    if (memcmp(ce->entry.vid, empty_key, 16)) {
        memcpy(aacs->vid, ce->entry.vid, 16);
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Found volume id for %s: %s\n",
                 str_print_hex(str2, ce->entry.discid, 20), str_print_hex(str, aacs->vid, 16));
    }
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    if (memcmp(ce->entry.vuk, empty_key, 16)) {
        memcpy(vuk, ce->entry.vuk, 16);
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Found volume unique key for %s: %s\n",
                 str_print_hex(str2, ce->entry.discid, 20), str_print_hex(str, vuk, 16));
    }

    if (ce->entry.uk) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Acquire CPS unit keys from keydb config file...\n");
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        /* count keys */
        unsigned num_uks = 0;
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        digit_key_pair_list *ukcursor = ce->entry.uk;
        while (ukcursor && ukcursor->key_pair.key) {
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            num_uks++;
            ukcursor = ukcursor->next;
        }

        /* check against Unit_Key_RO.inf */
        if (num_uks != aacs->uk->num_uk) {
            BD_DEBUG(DBG_CRIT | DBG_AACS, "Ignoring unit keys from config file (expected %u keys, found %u)\n",
                     aacs->uk->num_uk, num_uks);
            return;
        }
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        /* get keys */
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        aacs->uk->uk = calloc(aacs->uk->num_uk, sizeof(aacs->uk->uk[0]));
        if (!aacs->uk->uk) {
            return;
        }
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        num_uks = 0;
        ukcursor = ce->entry.uk;
        while (ukcursor && ukcursor->key_pair.key) {
            hexstring_to_hex_array(aacs->uk->uk[num_uks].key, 16, ukcursor->key_pair.key);

            BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Unit key %u from keydb entry: %s\n",
                     num_uks,
                     str_print_hex(str, aacs->uk->uk[num_uks].key, 16));

            num_uks++;
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            ukcursor = ukcursor->next;
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        }
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    }
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}

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static size_t _read_cci_file(AACS *aacs, int cps_unit, void **data)
{
    char   *fname;
    size_t  size = 0;

    fname = str_printf("AACS" DIR_SEP "CPSUnit%05d.cci", cps_unit);
    if (fname) {
        size = _read_file(aacs, fname, data);
        X_FREE(fname);

        if (size >= 2048) {
            return size;
        }

        X_FREE(*data);
    }

    /* try backup copy */

    fname = str_printf("AACS" DIR_SEP "DUPLICATE" DIR_SEP "CPSUnit%05d.cci", cps_unit);
    if (fname) {
        size = _read_file(aacs, fname, data);
        X_FREE(fname);

        if (size >= 2048) {
            return size;
        }

        X_FREE(*data);
    }

    return 0;
}

static AACS_CCI *_read_cci(AACS *aacs, int cps_unit)
{
    AACS_CCI *cci;
    void     *data;
    size_t    size;

    size = _read_cci_file(aacs, cps_unit, &data);
    if (!size) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Failed to read CPS unit usage file %d\n", cps_unit);
        return NULL;
    }

    cci = cci_parse(data, size);
    X_FREE(data);

    return cci;
}

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static int _check_cci_unencrypted(AACS *aacs, int cps_unit)
{
    int result = -1;

    AACS_CCI *cci = _read_cci(aacs, cps_unit);
    if (cci) {
        result = cci_is_unencrypted(cci);
        cci_free(&cci);
    }

    return result;
}

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static int _calc_uks(AACS *aacs, config_file *cf)
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{
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    unsigned int i;
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    int error_code = AACS_SUCCESS;
    int vuk_error_code;
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    uint8_t mk[16] = {0}, vuk[16] = {0};

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    if (cf) {
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        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Searching for keydb config entry...\n");
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        _find_config_entry(aacs, cf->list, mk, vuk);
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        /* Skip if retrieved from config file */
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        if (aacs->uk->uk) {
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            return AACS_SUCCESS;
        }
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    }
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    if (aacs->uk->num_uk < 1) {
        /* no keys ... */
        return AACS_SUCCESS;
    }

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    /* Try to calculate VUK */
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    vuk_error_code = _calc_vuk(aacs, mk, vuk, cf);
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    BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS, "Calculate CPS unit keys...\n");
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    aacs->uk->uk = calloc(aacs->uk->num_uk, sizeof(aacs->uk->uk[0]));
    if (!aacs->uk->uk) {
        BD_DEBUG(DBG_AACS | DBG_CRIT, "Out of memory\n"