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/*****************************************************************************
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 * vlc_threads.h : threads implementation for the VideoLAN client
 * This header provides portable declarations for mutexes & conditions
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 *****************************************************************************
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 * Copyright (C) 1999, 2002 the VideoLAN team
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 * Copyright © 2007-2008 Rémi Denis-Courmont
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 *
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 * Authors: Jean-Marc Dressler <polux@via.ecp.fr>
 *          Samuel Hocevar <sam@via.ecp.fr>
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 *          Gildas Bazin <gbazin@netcourrier.com>
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 *          Christophe Massiot <massiot@via.ecp.fr>
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
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 *
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 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
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 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
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 *
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 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301, USA.
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 *****************************************************************************/
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#ifndef VLC_THREADS_H_
#define VLC_THREADS_H_
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/**
 * \file
 * This file defines structures and functions for handling threads in vlc
 *
 */

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#if defined( UNDER_CE )
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#elif defined( WIN32 )
#   include <process.h>                                         /* Win32 API */
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#else                                         /* pthreads (like Linux & BSD) */
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#   define LIBVLC_USE_PTHREAD 1
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#   define LIBVLC_USE_PTHREAD_CANCEL 1
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#   define _APPLE_C_SOURCE    1 /* Proper pthread semantics on OSX */
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#   include <unistd.h> /* _POSIX_SPIN_LOCKS */
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#   include <pthread.h>
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/* Unnamed POSIX semaphores not supported on Mac OS X, use Mach semaphores instead */
#   if defined (__APPLE__)
#      include <mach/semaphore.h>
#      include <mach/task.h>
#   else
#      include <semaphore.h>
#   endif
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#endif
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/*****************************************************************************
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 * Constants
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 *****************************************************************************/
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/* Thread priorities */
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#ifdef __APPLE__
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_LOW      0
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_INPUT   22
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_AUDIO   22
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_VIDEO    0
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_OUTPUT  22
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_HIGHEST 22
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#elif defined(LIBVLC_USE_PTHREAD)
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_LOW      0
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_INPUT   10
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_AUDIO    5
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_VIDEO    0
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_OUTPUT  15
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_HIGHEST 20
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#elif defined(WIN32) || defined(UNDER_CE)
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/* Define different priorities for WinNT/2K/XP and Win9x/Me */
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_LOW 0
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_INPUT \
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        THREAD_PRIORITY_ABOVE_NORMAL
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_AUDIO \
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        THREAD_PRIORITY_HIGHEST
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_VIDEO 0
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_OUTPUT \
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        THREAD_PRIORITY_ABOVE_NORMAL
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_HIGHEST \
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        THREAD_PRIORITY_TIME_CRITICAL
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#else
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_LOW 0
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_INPUT 0
#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_AUDIO 0
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_VIDEO 0
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_OUTPUT 0
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#   define VLC_THREAD_PRIORITY_HIGHEST 0
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#endif
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/*****************************************************************************
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 * Type definitions
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 *****************************************************************************/
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#if defined (LIBVLC_USE_PTHREAD)
typedef pthread_t       vlc_thread_t;
typedef pthread_mutex_t vlc_mutex_t;
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#define VLC_STATIC_MUTEX PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER
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typedef pthread_cond_t  vlc_cond_t;
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#define VLC_STATIC_COND  PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER
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typedef pthread_rwlock_t vlc_rwlock_t;
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typedef pthread_key_t   vlc_threadvar_t;
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typedef struct vlc_timer *vlc_timer_t;
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#if defined (__APPLE__)
typedef semaphore_t     vlc_sem_t;
#else
typedef sem_t           vlc_sem_t;
#endif

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#elif defined( WIN32 )
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typedef struct vlc_thread *vlc_thread_t;
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typedef struct
{
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    bool dynamic;
    union
    {
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        struct
        {
            bool locked;
            unsigned long contention;
        };
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        CRITICAL_SECTION mutex;
    };
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} vlc_mutex_t;
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#define VLC_STATIC_MUTEX { false, { { false, 0 } } }
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typedef struct
{
    HANDLE   handle;
    unsigned clock;
} vlc_cond_t;

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typedef HANDLE  vlc_sem_t;
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typedef struct
{
    vlc_mutex_t   mutex;
    vlc_cond_t    read_wait;
    vlc_cond_t    write_wait;
    unsigned long readers;
    unsigned long writers;
    DWORD         writer;
} vlc_rwlock_t;

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typedef struct vlc_threadvar *vlc_threadvar_t;
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typedef struct vlc_timer *vlc_timer_t;
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#endif

#if defined( WIN32 ) && !defined ETIMEDOUT
#  define ETIMEDOUT 10060 /* This is the value in winsock.h. */
#endif

/*****************************************************************************
 * Function definitions
 *****************************************************************************/
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_mutex_init,    ( vlc_mutex_t * ) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_mutex_init_recursive, ( vlc_mutex_t * ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_mutex_destroy, ( vlc_mutex_t * ) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_mutex_lock, ( vlc_mutex_t * ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int,  vlc_mutex_trylock, ( vlc_mutex_t * ) LIBVLC_USED );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_mutex_unlock, ( vlc_mutex_t * ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_cond_init,     ( vlc_cond_t * ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_cond_init_daytime, ( vlc_cond_t * ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_cond_destroy,  ( vlc_cond_t * ) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_cond_signal, (vlc_cond_t *) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_cond_broadcast, (vlc_cond_t *) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_cond_wait, (vlc_cond_t *, vlc_mutex_t *) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int,  vlc_cond_timedwait, (vlc_cond_t *, vlc_mutex_t *, mtime_t) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_sem_init, (vlc_sem_t *, unsigned) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_sem_destroy, (vlc_sem_t *) );
VLC_EXPORT( int,  vlc_sem_post, (vlc_sem_t *) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_sem_wait, (vlc_sem_t *) );

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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_rwlock_init, (vlc_rwlock_t *) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_rwlock_destroy, (vlc_rwlock_t *) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_rwlock_rdlock, (vlc_rwlock_t *) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_rwlock_wrlock, (vlc_rwlock_t *) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_rwlock_unlock, (vlc_rwlock_t *) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int, vlc_threadvar_create, (vlc_threadvar_t * , void (*) (void *) ) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_threadvar_delete, (vlc_threadvar_t *) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int, vlc_threadvar_set, (vlc_threadvar_t, void *) );
VLC_EXPORT( void *, vlc_threadvar_get, (vlc_threadvar_t) );
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#if defined (__GNUC__) && !defined __cplusplus
__attribute__((deprecated))
#endif
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VLC_EXPORT( int,  vlc_thread_create, ( vlc_object_t *, void * ( * ) ( vlc_object_t * ), int ) LIBVLC_USED );
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#if defined (__GNUC__) && !defined __cplusplus
__attribute__((deprecated))
#endif
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VLC_EXPORT( int,  vlc_thread_set_priority, ( vlc_object_t *, int ) );
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#if defined (__GNUC__) && !defined __cplusplus
__attribute__((deprecated))
#endif
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_thread_join,   ( vlc_object_t * ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int, vlc_clone, (vlc_thread_t *, void * (*) (void *), void *, int) LIBVLC_USED );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_cancel, (vlc_thread_t) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_join, (vlc_thread_t, void **) );
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VLC_EXPORT (void, vlc_control_cancel, (int cmd, ...));

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VLC_EXPORT( int, vlc_timer_create, (vlc_timer_t *, void (*) (void *), void *) LIBVLC_USED );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_timer_destroy, (vlc_timer_t) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_timer_schedule, (vlc_timer_t, bool, mtime_t, mtime_t) );
VLC_EXPORT( unsigned, vlc_timer_getoverrun, (vlc_timer_t) LIBVLC_USED );
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#ifndef LIBVLC_USE_PTHREAD_CANCEL
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enum {
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    VLC_CLEANUP_PUSH,
    VLC_CLEANUP_POP,
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};
#endif
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VLC_EXPORT( int, vlc_savecancel, (void) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_restorecancel, (int state) );
VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_testcancel, (void) );
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#if defined (LIBVLC_USE_PTHREAD_CANCEL)
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/**
 * Registers a new procedure to run if the thread is cancelled (or otherwise
 * exits prematurely). Any call to vlc_cleanup_push() <b>must</b> paired with a
 * call to either vlc_cleanup_pop() or vlc_cleanup_run(). Branching into or out
 * of the block between these two function calls is not allowed (read: it will
 * likely crash the whole process). If multiple procedures are registered,
 * they are handled in last-in first-out order.
 *
 * @param routine procedure to call if the thread ends
 * @param arg argument for the procedure
 */
# define vlc_cleanup_push( routine, arg ) pthread_cleanup_push (routine, arg)

/**
 * Removes a cleanup procedure that was previously registered with
 * vlc_cleanup_push().
 */
# define vlc_cleanup_pop( ) pthread_cleanup_pop (0)

/**
 * Removes a cleanup procedure that was previously registered with
 * vlc_cleanup_push(), and executes it.
 */
# define vlc_cleanup_run( ) pthread_cleanup_pop (1)
#else
typedef struct vlc_cleanup_t vlc_cleanup_t;

struct vlc_cleanup_t
{
    vlc_cleanup_t *next;
    void         (*proc) (void *);
    void          *data;
};

/* This macros opens a code block on purpose. This is needed for multiple
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 * calls within a single function. This also prevent Win32 developers from
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 * writing code that would break on POSIX (POSIX opens a block as well). */
# define vlc_cleanup_push( routine, arg ) \
    do { \
        vlc_cleanup_t vlc_cleanup_data = { NULL, routine, arg, }; \
        vlc_control_cancel (VLC_CLEANUP_PUSH, &vlc_cleanup_data)

# define vlc_cleanup_pop( ) \
        vlc_control_cancel (VLC_CLEANUP_POP); \
    } while (0)

# define vlc_cleanup_run( ) \
        vlc_control_cancel (VLC_CLEANUP_POP); \
        vlc_cleanup_data.proc (vlc_cleanup_data.data); \
    } while (0)

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#endif /* LIBVLC_USE_PTHREAD_CANCEL */
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static inline void vlc_cleanup_lock (void *lock)
{
    vlc_mutex_unlock ((vlc_mutex_t *)lock);
}
#define mutex_cleanup_push( lock ) vlc_cleanup_push (vlc_cleanup_lock, lock)

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# if defined (_POSIX_SPIN_LOCKS) && ((_POSIX_SPIN_LOCKS - 0) > 0)
typedef pthread_spinlock_t vlc_spinlock_t;

/**
 * Initializes a spinlock.
 */
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static inline void vlc_spin_init (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
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{
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    if (pthread_spin_init (spin, PTHREAD_PROCESS_PRIVATE))
        abort ();
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}

/**
 * Acquires a spinlock.
 */
static inline void vlc_spin_lock (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
{
    pthread_spin_lock (spin);
}

/**
 * Releases a spinlock.
 */
static inline void vlc_spin_unlock (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
{
    pthread_spin_unlock (spin);
}

/**
 * Deinitializes a spinlock.
 */
static inline void vlc_spin_destroy (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
{
    pthread_spin_destroy (spin);
}

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#elif defined (WIN32) && !defined (UNDER_CE)
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typedef CRITICAL_SECTION vlc_spinlock_t;

/**
 * Initializes a spinlock.
 */
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static inline void vlc_spin_init (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
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{
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    if (!InitializeCriticalSectionAndSpinCount(spin, 4000))
        abort ();
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}

/**
 * Acquires a spinlock.
 */
static inline void vlc_spin_lock (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
{
    EnterCriticalSection(spin);
}

/**
 * Releases a spinlock.
 */
static inline void vlc_spin_unlock (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
{
    LeaveCriticalSection(spin);
}

/**
 * Deinitializes a spinlock.
 */
static inline void vlc_spin_destroy (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
{
    DeleteCriticalSection(spin);
}

#else

/* Fallback to plain mutexes if spinlocks are not available */
typedef vlc_mutex_t vlc_spinlock_t;

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static inline void vlc_spin_init (vlc_spinlock_t *spin)
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{
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    vlc_mutex_init (spin);
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}

# define vlc_spin_lock    vlc_mutex_lock
# define vlc_spin_unlock  vlc_mutex_unlock
# define vlc_spin_destroy vlc_mutex_destroy
#endif

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/**
 * Issues a full memory barrier.
 */
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#if defined (__APPLE__)
# include <libkern/OSAtomic.h> /* OSMemoryBarrier() */
#endif
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static inline void barrier (void)
{
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#if defined (__GNUC__) && !defined (__APPLE__) && \
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            ((__GNUC__ > 4) || (__GNUC__ == 4 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 1))
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    __sync_synchronize ();
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#elif defined(__APPLE__)
    OSMemoryBarrier ();
#elif defined(__powerpc__)
    asm volatile ("sync":::"memory");
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#elif 0 // defined(__i386__) /*  Requires SSE2 support */
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    asm volatile ("mfence":::"memory");
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#else
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    vlc_spinlock_t spin;
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    vlc_spin_init (&spin);
    vlc_spin_lock (&spin);
    vlc_spin_unlock (&spin);
    vlc_spin_destroy (&spin);
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#endif
}

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#define vlc_thread_create( P_THIS, FUNC, PRIORITY ) \
    vlc_thread_create( VLC_OBJECT(P_THIS), FUNC, PRIORITY )
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#define vlc_thread_set_priority( P_THIS, PRIORITY )                         \
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    vlc_thread_set_priority( VLC_OBJECT(P_THIS), PRIORITY )
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#define vlc_thread_join( P_THIS )                                           \
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    vlc_thread_join( VLC_OBJECT(P_THIS) )
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#ifdef __cplusplus
/**
 * Helper C++ class to lock a mutex.
 * The mutex is locked when the object is created, and unlocked when the object
 * is destroyed.
 */
class vlc_mutex_locker
{
    private:
        vlc_mutex_t *lock;
    public:
        vlc_mutex_locker (vlc_mutex_t *m) : lock (m)
        {
            vlc_mutex_lock (lock);
        }

        ~vlc_mutex_locker (void)
        {
            vlc_mutex_unlock (lock);
        }
};
#endif

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enum {
   VLC_AVCODEC_MUTEX = 0,
   VLC_GCRYPT_MUTEX,
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   VLC_XLIB_MUTEX,
   /* Insert new entry HERE */
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   VLC_MAX_MUTEX
};

VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_global_mutex, ( unsigned, bool ) );
#define vlc_global_lock( n ) vlc_global_mutex( n, true )
#define vlc_global_unlock( n ) vlc_global_mutex( n, false )

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#endif /* !_VLC_THREADS_H */