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/*****************************************************************************
 * quartztext.c : Put text on the video, using Mac OS X Quartz Engine
 *****************************************************************************
 * Copyright (C) 2007 the VideoLAN team
 * $Id$
 *
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 * Authors: Bernie Purcell <bitmap@videolan.org>
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301, USA.
 *****************************************************************************/

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Preamble
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

#include <vlc/vlc.h>
#include <vlc_vout.h>
#include <vlc_osd.h>
#include <vlc_block.h>
#include <vlc_filter.h>
#include <vlc_stream.h>
#include <vlc_xml.h>
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#include <vlc_input.h>
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#include <math.h>

#include <Carbon/Carbon.h>

#define DEFAULT_FONT           "Verdana"
#define DEFAULT_FONT_COLOR     0xffffff
#define DEFAULT_REL_FONT_SIZE  16

#define VERTICAL_MARGIN 3
#define HORIZONTAL_MARGIN 10

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Local prototypes
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static int  Create ( vlc_object_t * );
static void Destroy( vlc_object_t * );

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static int LoadFontsFromAttachments( filter_t *p_filter );

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static int RenderText( filter_t *, subpicture_region_t *,
                       subpicture_region_t * );
static int RenderHtml( filter_t *, subpicture_region_t *,
                       subpicture_region_t * );

static int RenderYUVA( filter_t *p_filter, subpicture_region_t *p_region,
                       UniChar *psz_utfString, uint32_t i_text_len,
                       uint32_t i_runs, uint32_t *pi_run_lengths,
                       ATSUStyle *pp_styles );
static ATSUStyle CreateStyle( char *psz_fontname, int i_font_size,
                              int i_font_color, int i_font_alpha,
                              vlc_bool_t b_bold, vlc_bool_t b_italic,
                              vlc_bool_t b_uline );
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Module descriptor
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

// The preferred way to set font style information is for it to come from the
// subtitle file, and for it to be rendered with RenderHtml instead of
// RenderText. This module, unlike Freetype, doesn't provide any options to
// override the fallback font selection used when this style information is
// absent.
vlc_module_begin();
    set_shortname( _("Mac Text renderer"));
    set_description( _("Quartz font renderer") );
    set_category( CAT_VIDEO );
    set_subcategory( SUBCAT_VIDEO_SUBPIC );

    set_capability( "text renderer", 120 );
    add_shortcut( "text" );
    set_callbacks( Create, Destroy );
vlc_module_end();

typedef struct font_stack_t font_stack_t;
struct font_stack_t
{
    char          *psz_name;
    int            i_size;
    int            i_color;
    int            i_alpha;

    font_stack_t  *p_next;
};

typedef struct offscreen_bitmap_t offscreen_bitmap_t;
struct offscreen_bitmap_t
{
    uint8_t       *p_data;
    int            i_bitsPerChannel;
    int            i_bitsPerPixel;
    int            i_bytesPerPixel;
    int            i_bytesPerRow;
};

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// filter_sys_t: quartztext local data
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This structure is part of the video output thread descriptor.
// It describes the freetype specific properties of an output thread.
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
struct filter_sys_t
{
    char          *psz_font_name;
    uint8_t        i_font_opacity;
    int            i_font_color;
    int            i_font_size;
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    ATSFontContainerRef    *p_fonts;
    int                     i_fonts;
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};

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Create: allocates osd-text video thread output method
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// This function allocates and initializes a Clone vout method.
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static int Create( vlc_object_t *p_this )
{
    filter_t *p_filter = (filter_t *)p_this;
    filter_sys_t *p_sys;

    // Allocate structure
    p_filter->p_sys = p_sys = malloc( sizeof( filter_sys_t ) );
    if( !p_sys )
    {
        msg_Err( p_filter, "out of memory" );
        return VLC_ENOMEM;
    }
    p_sys->psz_font_name  = strdup( DEFAULT_FONT );
    p_sys->i_font_opacity = 255;
    p_sys->i_font_color   = DEFAULT_FONT_COLOR;
    p_sys->i_font_size    = p_filter->fmt_out.video.i_height / DEFAULT_REL_FONT_SIZE;

    p_filter->pf_render_text = RenderText;
    p_filter->pf_render_html = RenderHtml;

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    p_sys->p_fonts = NULL;
    p_sys->i_fonts = 0;

    LoadFontsFromAttachments( p_filter );

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    return VLC_SUCCESS;
}

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Destroy: destroy Clone video thread output method
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Clean up all data and library connections
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static void Destroy( vlc_object_t *p_this )
{
    filter_t *p_filter = (filter_t *)p_this;
    filter_sys_t *p_sys = p_filter->p_sys;

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    if( p_sys->p_fonts )
    {
        int   k;

        for( k = 0; k < p_sys->i_fonts; k++ )
        {
            ATSFontDeactivate( p_sys->p_fonts[k], NULL, kATSOptionFlagsDefault );
        }

        free( p_sys->p_fonts );
    }

    if( p_sys->psz_font_name ) free( p_sys->psz_font_name );

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    free( p_sys );
}

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//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Make any TTF/OTF fonts present in the attachments of the media file
// available to the Quartz engine for text rendering
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
static int LoadFontsFromAttachments( filter_t *p_filter )
{
    filter_sys_t         *p_sys = p_filter->p_sys;
    input_thread_t       *p_input;
    input_attachment_t  **pp_attachments;
    int                   i_attachments_cnt;
    int                   k;
    int                   rv = VLC_SUCCESS;

    p_input = (input_thread_t *)vlc_object_find( p_filter, VLC_OBJECT_INPUT, FIND_PARENT );
    if( ! p_input )
        return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    if( VLC_SUCCESS != input_Control( p_input, INPUT_GET_ATTACHMENTS, &pp_attachments, &i_attachments_cnt ))
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    {
        vlc_object_release(p_input);
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        return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    }
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    p_sys->i_fonts = 0;
    p_sys->p_fonts = malloc( i_attachments_cnt * sizeof( ATSFontContainerRef ) );
    if(! p_sys->p_fonts )
        rv = VLC_ENOMEM;

    for( k = 0; k < i_attachments_cnt; k++ )
    {
        input_attachment_t *p_attach = pp_attachments[k];

        if( p_sys->p_fonts )
        {
            if(( !strcmp( p_attach->psz_mime, "application/x-truetype-font" ) || // TTF
                 !strcmp( p_attach->psz_mime, "application/x-font-otf" ) ) &&    // OTF
               ( p_attach->i_data > 0 ) &&
               ( p_attach->p_data != NULL ) )
            {
                ATSFontContainerRef  container;

                if( noErr == ATSFontActivateFromMemory( p_attach->p_data,
                                                        p_attach->i_data,
                                                        kATSFontContextLocal,
                                                        kATSFontFormatUnspecified,
                                                        NULL,
                                                        kATSOptionFlagsDefault,
                                                        &container ))
                {
                    p_sys->p_fonts[ p_sys->i_fonts++ ] = container;
                }
            }
        }
        vlc_input_attachment_Delete( p_attach );
    }
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    free( pp_attachments );
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    vlc_object_release(p_input);

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    return rv;
}

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#if MAC_OS_X_VERSION_MIN_REQUIRED < MAC_OS_X_VERSION_10_4
// Original version of these functions available on:
// http://developer.apple.com/documentation/Carbon/Conceptual/QuickDrawToQuartz2D/tq_color/chapter_4_section_3.html

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#define kGenericRGBProfilePathStr "/System/Library/ColorSync/Profiles/Generic RGB Profile.icc"

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static CMProfileRef OpenGenericProfile( void )
{
    static CMProfileRef cached_rgb_prof = NULL;
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    // Create the profile reference only once
    if( cached_rgb_prof == NULL )
    {
        OSStatus            err;
        CMProfileLocation   loc;
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        loc.locType = cmPathBasedProfile;
        strcpy( loc.u.pathLoc.path, kGenericRGBProfilePathStr );
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        err = CMOpenProfile( &cached_rgb_prof, &loc );
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        if( err != noErr )
        {
            cached_rgb_prof = NULL;
        }
    }
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    if( cached_rgb_prof )
    {
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        // Clone the profile reference so that the caller has
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        // their own reference, not our cached one.
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        CMCloneProfileRef( cached_rgb_prof );
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    }
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    return cached_rgb_prof;
}

static CGColorSpaceRef CreateGenericRGBColorSpace( void )
{
    static CGColorSpaceRef p_generic_rgb_cs = NULL;
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    if( p_generic_rgb_cs == NULL )
    {
        CMProfileRef generic_rgb_prof = OpenGenericProfile();
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        if( generic_rgb_prof )
        {
            p_generic_rgb_cs = CGColorSpaceCreateWithPlatformColorSpace( generic_rgb_prof );
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            CMCloseProfile( generic_rgb_prof );
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        }
    }

    return p_generic_rgb_cs;
}
#endif

static char *EliminateCRLF( char *psz_string )
{
    char *p;
    char *q;

    for( p = psz_string; p && *p; p++ )
    {
        if( ( *p == '\r' ) && ( *(p+1) == '\n' ) )
        {
            for( q = p + 1; *q; q++ )
                *( q - 1 ) = *q;

            *( q - 1 ) = '\0';
        }
    }
    return psz_string;
}

// Convert UTF-8 string to UTF-16 character array -- internal Mac Endian-ness ;
// we don't need to worry about bidirectional text conversion as ATSUI should
// handle that for us automatically
static void ConvertToUTF16( const char *psz_utf8_str, uint32_t *pi_strlen, UniChar **ppsz_utf16_str )
{
    CFStringRef   p_cfString;
    int           i_string_length;

    p_cfString = CFStringCreateWithCString( NULL, psz_utf8_str, kCFStringEncodingUTF8 );
    i_string_length = CFStringGetLength( p_cfString );

    if( pi_strlen )
        *pi_strlen = i_string_length;

    if( !*ppsz_utf16_str )
        *ppsz_utf16_str = (UniChar *) calloc( i_string_length, sizeof( UniChar ) );

    CFStringGetCharacters( p_cfString, CFRangeMake( 0, i_string_length ), *ppsz_utf16_str );
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    CFRelease( p_cfString );
}

// Renders a text subpicture region into another one.
// It is used as pf_add_string callback in the vout method by this module
static int RenderText( filter_t *p_filter, subpicture_region_t *p_region_out,
                       subpicture_region_t *p_region_in )
{
    filter_sys_t *p_sys = p_filter->p_sys;
    UniChar      *psz_utf16_str = NULL;
    uint32_t      i_string_length;
    char         *psz_string;
    int           i_font_color, i_font_alpha, i_font_size;

    // Sanity check
    if( !p_region_in || !p_region_out ) return VLC_EGENERIC;
    psz_string = p_region_in->psz_text;
    if( !psz_string || !*psz_string ) return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    if( p_region_in->p_style )
    {
        i_font_color = __MAX( __MIN( p_region_in->p_style->i_font_color, 0xFFFFFF ), 0 );
        i_font_alpha = __MAX( __MIN( p_region_in->p_style->i_font_alpha, 255 ), 0 );
        i_font_size  = __MAX( __MIN( p_region_in->p_style->i_font_size, 255 ), 0 );
    }
    else
    {
        i_font_color = p_sys->i_font_color;
        i_font_alpha = 255 - p_sys->i_font_opacity;
        i_font_size  = p_sys->i_font_size;
    }

    if( !i_font_alpha ) i_font_alpha = 255 - p_sys->i_font_opacity;
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    ConvertToUTF16( EliminateCRLF( psz_string ), &i_string_length, &psz_utf16_str );

    p_region_out->i_x = p_region_in->i_x;
    p_region_out->i_y = p_region_in->i_y;

    if( psz_utf16_str != NULL )
    {
        ATSUStyle p_style = CreateStyle( p_sys->psz_font_name, i_font_size,
                                         i_font_color, i_font_alpha,
                                         VLC_FALSE, VLC_FALSE, VLC_FALSE );
        if( p_style )
        {
            RenderYUVA( p_filter, p_region_out, psz_utf16_str, i_string_length,
                        1, &i_string_length, &p_style );
        }

        ATSUDisposeStyle( p_style );
        free( psz_utf16_str );
    }

    return VLC_SUCCESS;
}


static ATSUStyle CreateStyle( char *psz_fontname, int i_font_size, int i_font_color, int i_font_alpha,
                              vlc_bool_t b_bold, vlc_bool_t b_italic, vlc_bool_t b_uline )
{
    ATSUStyle   p_style;
    OSStatus    status;
    uint32_t    i_tag_cnt;

    float f_red   = (float)(( i_font_color & 0x00FF0000 ) >> 16) / 255.0;
    float f_green = (float)(( i_font_color & 0x0000FF00 ) >>  8) / 255.0;
    float f_blue  = (float)(  i_font_color & 0x000000FF        ) / 255.0;
    float f_alpha = ( 255.0 - (float)i_font_alpha) / 255.0;

    ATSUFontID           font;
    Fixed                font_size  = IntToFixed( i_font_size );
    ATSURGBAlphaColor    font_color = { f_red, f_green, f_blue, f_alpha };
    Boolean              bold       = b_bold;
    Boolean              italic     = b_italic;
    Boolean              uline      = b_uline;

    ATSUAttributeTag tags[]        = { kATSUSizeTag, kATSURGBAlphaColorTag, kATSUQDItalicTag,
                                       kATSUQDBoldfaceTag, kATSUQDUnderlineTag, kATSUFontTag };
    ByteCount sizes[]              = { sizeof( Fixed ), sizeof( ATSURGBAlphaColor ), sizeof( Boolean ),
                                       sizeof( Boolean ), sizeof( Boolean ), sizeof( ATSUFontID )};
    ATSUAttributeValuePtr values[] = { &font_size, &font_color, &italic, &bold, &uline, &font };

    i_tag_cnt = sizeof( tags ) / sizeof( ATSUAttributeTag );

    status = ATSUFindFontFromName( psz_fontname,
                                   strlen( psz_fontname ),
                                   kFontFullName,
                                   kFontNoPlatform,
                                   kFontNoScript,
                                   kFontNoLanguageCode,
                                   &font );

    if( status != noErr )
    {
        // If we can't find a suitable font, just do everything else
        i_tag_cnt--;
    }

    if( noErr == ATSUCreateStyle( &p_style ) )
    {
        if( noErr == ATSUSetAttributes( p_style, i_tag_cnt, tags, sizes, values ) )
        {
            return p_style;
        }
        ATSUDisposeStyle( p_style );
    }
    return NULL;
}

static int PushFont( font_stack_t **p_font, const char *psz_name, int i_size,
                     int i_color, int i_alpha )
{
    font_stack_t *p_new;

    if( !p_font )
        return VLC_EGENERIC;

    p_new = malloc( sizeof( font_stack_t ) );
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    if( ! p_new )
        return VLC_ENOMEM;

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    p_new->p_next = NULL;

    if( psz_name )
        p_new->psz_name = strdup( psz_name );
    else
        p_new->psz_name = NULL;

    p_new->i_size   = i_size;
    p_new->i_color  = i_color;
    p_new->i_alpha  = i_alpha;

    if( !*p_font )
    {
        *p_font = p_new;
    }
    else
    {
        font_stack_t *p_last;

        for( p_last = *p_font;
             p_last->p_next;
             p_last = p_last->p_next )
        ;

        p_last->p_next = p_new;
    }
    return VLC_SUCCESS;
}

static int PopFont( font_stack_t **p_font )
{
    font_stack_t *p_last, *p_next_to_last;

    if( !p_font || !*p_font )
        return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    p_next_to_last = NULL;
    for( p_last = *p_font;
         p_last->p_next;
         p_last = p_last->p_next )
    {
        p_next_to_last = p_last;
    }

    if( p_next_to_last )
        p_next_to_last->p_next = NULL;
    else
        *p_font = NULL;

    free( p_last->psz_name );
    free( p_last );

    return VLC_SUCCESS;
}

static int PeekFont( font_stack_t **p_font, char **psz_name, int *i_size,
                     int *i_color, int *i_alpha )
{
    font_stack_t *p_last;

    if( !p_font || !*p_font )
        return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    for( p_last=*p_font;
         p_last->p_next;
         p_last=p_last->p_next )
    ;

    *psz_name = p_last->psz_name;
    *i_size   = p_last->i_size;
    *i_color  = p_last->i_color;
    *i_alpha  = p_last->i_alpha;

    return VLC_SUCCESS;
}

static ATSUStyle GetStyleFromFontStack( filter_sys_t *p_sys, font_stack_t **p_fonts,
                              vlc_bool_t b_bold, vlc_bool_t b_italic, vlc_bool_t b_uline )
{
    ATSUStyle   p_style = NULL;

    char  *psz_fontname = NULL;
    int    i_font_color = p_sys->i_font_color;
    int    i_font_alpha = 0;
    int    i_font_size  = p_sys->i_font_size;

    if( VLC_SUCCESS == PeekFont( p_fonts, &psz_fontname, &i_font_size, &i_font_color, &i_font_alpha ) )
    {
        p_style = CreateStyle( psz_fontname, i_font_size, i_font_color, i_font_alpha,
                               b_bold, b_italic, b_uline );
    }
    return p_style;
}

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static int ProcessNodes( filter_t *p_filter, xml_reader_t *p_xml_reader,
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                          text_style_t *p_font_style, UniChar *psz_text, int *pi_len,
                          uint32_t *pi_runs, uint32_t **ppi_run_lengths,
                          ATSUStyle **ppp_styles)
{
    filter_sys_t *p_sys          = p_filter->p_sys;
    UniChar      *psz_text_orig  = psz_text;
    font_stack_t *p_fonts        = NULL;
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    int           rv             = VLC_SUCCESS;
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    char *psz_node  = NULL;

    vlc_bool_t b_italic = VLC_FALSE;
    vlc_bool_t b_bold   = VLC_FALSE;
    vlc_bool_t b_uline  = VLC_FALSE;

    if( p_font_style )
    {
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        rv = PushFont( &p_fonts,
               p_font_style->psz_fontname,
               p_font_style->i_font_size,
               p_font_style->i_font_color,
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                  p_font_style->i_font_alpha );
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        if( p_font_style->i_style_flags & STYLE_BOLD )
            b_bold = VLC_TRUE;
        if( p_font_style->i_style_flags & STYLE_ITALIC )
            b_italic = VLC_TRUE;
        if( p_font_style->i_style_flags & STYLE_UNDERLINE )
            b_uline = VLC_TRUE;
    }
    else
    {
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        rv = PushFont( &p_fonts,
                       p_sys->psz_font_name,
                       p_sys->i_font_size,
                       p_sys->i_font_color, 0 );
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    }
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    if( rv != VLC_SUCCESS )
        return rv;
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    while ( ( xml_ReaderRead( p_xml_reader ) == 1 ) )
    {
        switch ( xml_ReaderNodeType( p_xml_reader ) )
        {
            case XML_READER_NONE:
                break;
            case XML_READER_ENDELEM:
                psz_node = xml_ReaderName( p_xml_reader );
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                if( psz_node )
                {
                    if( !strcasecmp( "font", psz_node ) )
                        PopFont( &p_fonts );
                    else if( !strcasecmp( "b", psz_node ) )
                        b_bold   = VLC_FALSE;
                    else if( !strcasecmp( "i", psz_node ) )
                        b_italic = VLC_FALSE;
                    else if( !strcasecmp( "u", psz_node ) )
                        b_uline  = VLC_FALSE;
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                    free( psz_node );
                }
                break;
            case XML_READER_STARTELEM:
                psz_node = xml_ReaderName( p_xml_reader );
                if( psz_node )
                {
                    if( !strcasecmp( "font", psz_node ) )
                    {
                        char *psz_fontname = NULL;
                        int   i_font_color = 0xffffff;
                        int   i_font_alpha = 0;
                        int   i_font_size  = 24;

                        // Default all attributes to the top font in the stack -- in case not
                        // all attributes are specified in the sub-font
                        if( VLC_SUCCESS == PeekFont( &p_fonts, &psz_fontname, &i_font_size, &i_font_color, &i_font_alpha ))
                        {
                            psz_fontname = strdup( psz_fontname );
                        }

                        while ( xml_ReaderNextAttr( p_xml_reader ) == VLC_SUCCESS )
                        {
                            char *psz_name = xml_ReaderName ( p_xml_reader );
                            char *psz_value = xml_ReaderValue ( p_xml_reader );

                            if( psz_name && psz_value )
                            {
                                if( !strcasecmp( "face", psz_name ) )
                                {
                                    if( psz_fontname ) free( psz_fontname );
                                    psz_fontname = strdup( psz_value );
                                }
                                else if( !strcasecmp( "size", psz_name ) )
                                {
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                                    if( ( *psz_value == '+' ) || ( *psz_value == '-' ) )
                                    {
                                        int i_value = atoi( psz_value );

                                        if( ( i_value >= -5 ) && ( i_value <= 5 ) )
                                            i_font_size += ( i_value * i_font_size ) / 10;
                                        else if( i_value < -5 )
                                            i_font_size = - i_value;
                                        else if( i_value > 5 )
                                            i_font_size = i_value;
                                    }
                                    else
                                        i_font_size = atoi( psz_value );
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                                }
                                else if( !strcasecmp( "color", psz_name )  &&
                                         ( psz_value[0] == '#' ) )
                                {
                                    i_font_color = strtol( psz_value+1, NULL, 16 );
                                    i_font_color &= 0x00ffffff;
                                }
                                else if( !strcasecmp( "alpha", psz_name ) &&
                                         ( psz_value[0] == '#' ) )
                                {
                                    i_font_alpha = strtol( psz_value+1, NULL, 16 );
                                    i_font_alpha &= 0xff;
                                }
                                free( psz_name );
                                free( psz_value );
                            }
                        }
                        PushFont( &p_fonts, psz_fontname, i_font_size, i_font_color, i_font_alpha );
                        free( psz_fontname );
                    }
                    else if( !strcasecmp( "b", psz_node ) )
                    {
                        b_bold = VLC_TRUE;
                    }
                    else if( !strcasecmp( "i", psz_node ) )
                    {
                        b_italic = VLC_TRUE;
                    }
                    else if( !strcasecmp( "u", psz_node ) )
                    {
                        b_uline = VLC_TRUE;
                    }
                    else if( !strcasecmp( "br", psz_node ) )
                    {
                        uint32_t i_string_length;

                        ConvertToUTF16( "\n", &i_string_length, &psz_text );
                        psz_text += i_string_length;

                        (*pi_runs)++;

                        if( *ppp_styles )
                            *ppp_styles = (ATSUStyle *) realloc( *ppp_styles, *pi_runs * sizeof( ATSUStyle ) );
                        else
                            *ppp_styles = (ATSUStyle *) malloc( *pi_runs * sizeof( ATSUStyle ) );

                        (*ppp_styles)[ *pi_runs - 1 ] = GetStyleFromFontStack( p_sys, &p_fonts, b_bold, b_italic, b_uline );

                        if( *ppi_run_lengths )
                            *ppi_run_lengths = (uint32_t *) realloc( *ppi_run_lengths, *pi_runs * sizeof( uint32_t ) );
                        else
                            *ppi_run_lengths = (uint32_t *) malloc( *pi_runs * sizeof( uint32_t ) );

                        (*ppi_run_lengths)[ *pi_runs - 1 ] = i_string_length;
                    }
                    free( psz_node );
                }
                break;
            case XML_READER_TEXT:
                psz_node = xml_ReaderValue( p_xml_reader );
                if( psz_node )
                {
                    uint32_t i_string_length;

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                    // Turn any multiple-whitespaces into single spaces
                    char *s = strpbrk( psz_node, "\t\r\n " );
                    while( s )
                    {
                        int i_whitespace = strspn( s, "\t\r\n " );

                        if( i_whitespace > 1 )
                            memmove( &s[1],
                                     &s[i_whitespace],
                                     strlen( s ) - i_whitespace + 1 );
                        *s++ = ' ';

                        s = strpbrk( s, "\t\r\n " );
                    }

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                    ConvertToUTF16( psz_node, &i_string_length, &psz_text );
                    psz_text += i_string_length;

                    (*pi_runs)++;

                    if( *ppp_styles )
                        *ppp_styles = (ATSUStyle *) realloc( *ppp_styles, *pi_runs * sizeof( ATSUStyle ) );
                    else
                        *ppp_styles = (ATSUStyle *) malloc( *pi_runs * sizeof( ATSUStyle ) );

                    (*ppp_styles)[ *pi_runs - 1 ] = GetStyleFromFontStack( p_sys, &p_fonts, b_bold, b_italic, b_uline );

                    if( *ppi_run_lengths )
                        *ppi_run_lengths = (uint32_t *) realloc( *ppi_run_lengths, *pi_runs * sizeof( uint32_t ) );
                    else
                        *ppi_run_lengths = (uint32_t *) malloc( *pi_runs * sizeof( uint32_t ) );

                    (*ppi_run_lengths)[ *pi_runs - 1 ] = i_string_length;

                    free( psz_node );
                }
                break;
        }
    }

    *pi_len = psz_text - psz_text_orig;

    while( VLC_SUCCESS == PopFont( &p_fonts ) );
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    return rv;
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}

static int RenderHtml( filter_t *p_filter, subpicture_region_t *p_region_out,
                       subpicture_region_t *p_region_in )
{
    int          rv = VLC_SUCCESS;
    stream_t     *p_sub = NULL;
    xml_t        *p_xml = NULL;
    xml_reader_t *p_xml_reader = NULL;

    if( !p_region_in || !p_region_in->psz_html )
        return VLC_EGENERIC;

    p_sub = stream_MemoryNew( VLC_OBJECT(p_filter),
                              (uint8_t *) p_region_in->psz_html,
                              strlen( p_region_in->psz_html ),
                              VLC_TRUE );
    if( p_sub )
    {
        p_xml = xml_Create( p_filter );
        if( p_xml )
        {
            p_xml_reader = xml_ReaderCreate( p_xml, p_sub );
            if( p_xml_reader )
            {
                UniChar    *psz_text;
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                int         i_len = 0;
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                uint32_t    i_runs = 0;
                uint32_t   *pi_run_lengths = NULL;
                ATSUStyle  *pp_styles = NULL;

                psz_text = (UniChar *) calloc( strlen( p_region_in->psz_html ), sizeof( UniChar ) );
                if( psz_text )
                {
                    uint32_t k;

                    ProcessNodes( p_filter, p_xml_reader, p_region_in->p_style, psz_text,
                                  &i_len, &i_runs, &pi_run_lengths, &pp_styles );

                    p_region_out->i_x = p_region_in->i_x;
                    p_region_out->i_y = p_region_in->i_y;

                    RenderYUVA( p_filter, p_region_out, psz_text, i_len, i_runs, pi_run_lengths, pp_styles);

                    for( k=0; k<i_runs; k++)
                        ATSUDisposeStyle( pp_styles[k] );
                    free( pp_styles );
                    free( pi_run_lengths );

                    free( psz_text );
                }

                xml_ReaderDelete( p_xml, p_xml_reader );
            }
            xml_Delete( p_xml );
        }
        stream_Delete( p_sub );
    }

    return rv;
}

static CGContextRef CreateOffScreenContext( int i_width, int i_height,
                         offscreen_bitmap_t **pp_memory, CGColorSpaceRef *pp_colorSpace )
{
    offscreen_bitmap_t *p_bitmap;
    CGContextRef        p_context = NULL;

    p_bitmap = (offscreen_bitmap_t *) malloc( sizeof( offscreen_bitmap_t ));
    if( p_bitmap )
    {
        p_bitmap->i_bitsPerChannel = 8;
        p_bitmap->i_bitsPerPixel   = 4 * p_bitmap->i_bitsPerChannel; // A,R,G,B
        p_bitmap->i_bytesPerPixel  = p_bitmap->i_bitsPerPixel / 8;
        p_bitmap->i_bytesPerRow    = i_width * p_bitmap->i_bytesPerPixel;

        p_bitmap->p_data = calloc( i_height, p_bitmap->i_bytesPerRow );

#if MAC_OS_X_VERSION_MIN_REQUIRED >= MAC_OS_X_VERSION_10_4
        *pp_colorSpace = CGColorSpaceCreateWithName( kCGColorSpaceGenericRGB );
#else
        *pp_colorSpace = CreateGenericRGBColorSpace();
#endif

        if( p_bitmap->p_data && *pp_colorSpace )
        {
            p_context = CGBitmapContextCreate( p_bitmap->p_data, i_width, i_height,
                                p_bitmap->i_bitsPerChannel, p_bitmap->i_bytesPerRow,
                                *pp_colorSpace, kCGImageAlphaPremultipliedFirst);
        }
        if( p_context )
        {
#if MAC_OS_X_VERSION_MIN_REQUIRED > MAC_OS_X_VERSION_10_1
            // OS X 10.1 doesn't support weak linking of this call which is only available
            // int 10.4 and later
            if( CGContextSetAllowsAntialiasing != NULL )
            {
                CGContextSetAllowsAntialiasing( p_context, true );
            }
#endif
        }
        *pp_memory = p_bitmap;
    }

    return p_context;
}

static offscreen_bitmap_t *Compose( int i_text_align, UniChar *psz_utf16_str, uint32_t i_text_len,
                                    uint32_t i_runs, uint32_t *pi_run_lengths, ATSUStyle *pp_styles,
                                    int i_width, int i_height, int *pi_textblock_height )
{
    offscreen_bitmap_t  *p_offScreen  = NULL;
    CGColorSpaceRef      p_colorSpace = NULL;
    CGContextRef         p_context = NULL;
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    p_context = CreateOffScreenContext( i_width, i_height, &p_offScreen, &p_colorSpace );

    if( p_context )
    {
        ATSUTextLayout p_textLayout;
        OSStatus status = noErr;

        status = ATSUCreateTextLayoutWithTextPtr( psz_utf16_str, 0, i_text_len, i_text_len,
                                                  i_runs,
                                                  (const UniCharCount *) pi_run_lengths,
                                                  pp_styles,
                                                  &p_textLayout );
        if( status == noErr )
        {
            // Attach our offscreen Image Graphics Context to the text style
            // and setup the line alignment (have to specify the line width
            // also in order for our chosen alignment to work)

            Fract   alignment  = kATSUStartAlignment;
            Fixed   line_width = Long2Fix( i_width - HORIZONTAL_MARGIN * 2 );

            ATSUAttributeTag tags[]        = { kATSUCGContextTag, kATSULineFlushFactorTag, kATSULineWidthTag };
            ByteCount sizes[]              = { sizeof( CGContextRef ), sizeof( Fract ), sizeof( Fixed ) };
            ATSUAttributeValuePtr values[] = { &p_context, &alignment, &line_width };

            int i_tag_cnt = sizeof( tags ) / sizeof( ATSUAttributeTag );

            if( i_text_align == SUBPICTURE_ALIGN_RIGHT )
            {
                alignment = kATSUEndAlignment;
            }
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            else if( i_text_align != SUBPICTURE_ALIGN_LEFT )
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            {
                alignment = kATSUCenterAlignment;
            }

            ATSUSetLayoutControls( p_textLayout, i_tag_cnt, tags, sizes, values );

            // let ATSUI deal with characters not-in-our-specified-font
            ATSUSetTransientFontMatching( p_textLayout, true );

            Fixed x = Long2Fix( HORIZONTAL_MARGIN );
            Fixed y = Long2Fix( i_height );

            // Set the line-breaks and draw individual lines
            uint32_t i_start = 0;
            uint32_t i_end = i_text_len;

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            // Set up black outlining of the text --
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            CGContextSetRGBStrokeColor( p_context, 0, 0, 0, 0.5 );
            CGContextSetTextDrawingMode( p_context, kCGTextFillStroke );

            do
            {
                // ATSUBreakLine will automatically pick up any manual '\n's also
                status = ATSUBreakLine( p_textLayout, i_start, line_width, true, (UniCharArrayOffset *) &i_end );
                if( ( status == noErr ) || ( status == kATSULineBreakInWord ) )
                {
                    Fixed     ascent;
                    Fixed     descent;
                    uint32_t  i_actualSize;

                    // Come down far enough to fit the height of this line --
                    ATSUGetLineControl( p_textLayout, i_start, kATSULineAscentTag,
                                    sizeof( Fixed ), &ascent, (ByteCount *) &i_actualSize );

                    // Quartz uses an upside-down co-ordinate space -> y values decrease as
                    // you move down the page
                    y -= ascent;

                    // Set the outlining for this line to be dependant on the size of the line -
                    // make it about 5% of the ascent, with a minimum at 1.0
                    float f_thickness = FixedToFloat( ascent ) * 0.05;
                    CGContextSetLineWidth( p_context, (( f_thickness > 1.0 ) ? 1.0 : f_thickness ));

                    ATSUDrawText( p_textLayout, i_start, i_end - i_start, x, y );

                    // and now prepare for the next line by coming down far enough for our
                    // descent
                    ATSUGetLineControl( p_textLayout, i_start, kATSULineDescentTag,
                                    sizeof( Fixed ), &descent, (ByteCount *) &i_actualSize );
                    y -= descent;

                    i_start = i_end;
                }
                else
                    break;
            }
            while( i_end < i_text_len );

            *pi_textblock_height = i_height - Fix2Long( y );
            CGContextFlush( p_context );

            ATSUDisposeTextLayout( p_textLayout );
        }

        CGContextRelease( p_context );
    }
    if( p_colorSpace ) CGColorSpaceRelease( p_colorSpace );

    return p_offScreen;
}

static int RenderYUVA( filter_t *p_filter, subpicture_region_t *p_region, UniChar *psz_utf16_str,
                       uint32_t i_text_len, uint32_t i_runs, uint32_t *pi_run_lengths, ATSUStyle *pp_styles )
{
    offscreen_bitmap_t *p_offScreen = NULL;
    int      i_textblock_height = 0;

    int i_width = p_filter->fmt_out.video.i_visible_width;
    int i_height = p_filter->fmt_out.video.i_visible_height;
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    int i_text_align = p_region->i_align & 0x3;
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    if( !psz_utf16_str )
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    {
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        msg_Err( p_filter, "Invalid argument to RenderYUVA" );
        return VLC_EGENERIC;
    }
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    p_offScreen = Compose( i_text_align, psz_utf16_str, i_text_len,
                           i_runs, pi_run_lengths, pp_styles,
                           i_width, i_height, &i_textblock_height );

    if( !p_offScreen )
    {
        msg_Err( p_filter, "No offscreen buffer" );
        return VLC_EGENERIC;
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    }

    uint8_t *p_dst_y,*p_dst_u,*p_dst_v,*p_dst_a;
    video_format_t fmt;
    int x, y, i_offset, i_pitch;
    uint8_t i_y, i_u, i_v; // YUV values, derived from incoming RGB
    subpicture_region_t *p_region_tmp;

    // Create a new subpicture region
    memset( &fmt, 0, sizeof(video_format_t) );
    fmt.i_chroma = VLC_FOURCC('Y','U','V','A');
    fmt.i_aspect = 0;
    fmt.i_width = fmt.i_visible_width = i_width;
    fmt.i_height = fmt.i_visible_height = i_textblock_height + VERTICAL_MARGIN * 2;
    fmt.i_x_offset = fmt.i_y_offset = 0;
    p_region_tmp = spu_CreateRegion( p_filter, &fmt );
    if( !p_region_tmp )
    {
        msg_Err( p_filter, "cannot allocate SPU region" );
        return VLC_EGENERIC;
    }
    p_region->fmt = p_region_tmp->fmt;
    p_region->picture = p_region_tmp->picture;
    free( p_region_tmp );

    p_dst_y = p_region->picture.Y_PIXELS;
    p_dst_u = p_region->picture.U_PIXELS;
    p_dst_v = p_region->picture.V_PIXELS;
    p_dst_a = p_region->picture.A_PIXELS;
    i_pitch = p_region->picture.A_PITCH;

    i_offset = VERTICAL_MARGIN *i_pitch;
    for( y=0; y<i_textblock_height; y++)
    {
        for( x=0; x<i_width; x++)
        {
            int i_alpha = p_offScreen->p_data[ y * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerRow + x * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerPixel     ];
            int i_red   = p_offScreen->p_data[ y * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerRow + x * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerPixel + 1 ];
            int i_green = p_offScreen->p_data[ y * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerRow + x * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerPixel + 2 ];
            int i_blue  = p_offScreen->p_data[ y * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerRow + x * p_offScreen->i_bytesPerPixel + 3 ];

            i_y = (uint8_t)__MIN(abs( 2104 * i_red  + 4130 * i_green +
                              802 * i_blue + 4096 + 131072 ) >> 13, 235);
            i_u = (uint8_t)__MIN(abs( -1214 * i_red  + -2384 * i_green +
                             3598 * i_blue + 4096 + 1048576) >> 13, 240);
            i_v = (uint8_t)__MIN(abs( 3598 * i_red + -3013 * i_green +
                              -585 * i_blue + 4096 + 1048576) >> 13, 240);

            p_dst_y[ i_offset + x ] = i_y;
            p_dst_u[ i_offset + x ] = i_u;
            p_dst_v[ i_offset + x ] = i_v;
            p_dst_a[ i_offset + x ] = i_alpha;
        }
        i_offset += i_pitch;
    }

    free( p_offScreen->p_data );
    free( p_offScreen );

    return VLC_SUCCESS;
}