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/*****************************************************************************
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 * vlc_network.h: interface to communicate with network plug-ins
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 *****************************************************************************
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 * Copyright (C) 2002-2005 the VideoLAN team
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 * Copyright © 2006-2007 Rémi Denis-Courmont
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 * $Id$
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 *
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 * Authors: Christophe Massiot <massiot@via.ecp.fr>
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 *          Laurent Aimar <fenrir@via.ecp.fr>
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 *          Rémi Denis-Courmont <rem # videolan.org>
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 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
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 * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston MA 02110-1301, USA.
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 *****************************************************************************/

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#if !defined( __LIBVLC__ )
  #error You are not libvlc or one of its plugins. You cannot include this file
#endif

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#ifndef __VLC_NETWORK_H
# define __VLC_NETWORK_H
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#if defined( WIN32 )
#   if defined(UNDER_CE) && defined(sockaddr_storage)
#       undef sockaddr_storage
#   endif
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#   if defined(UNDER_CE)
#       define HAVE_STRUCT_ADDRINFO
#   else
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#       define _NO_OLDNAMES 1
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#       include <io.h>
#   endif
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#   include <winsock2.h>
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#   include <ws2tcpip.h>
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#   define ENETUNREACH WSAENETUNREACH
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#   define net_errno (WSAGetLastError())
extern const char *net_strerror( int val );
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#else
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#   if HAVE_SYS_SOCKET_H
#      include <sys/socket.h>
#   endif
#   if HAVE_NETINET_IN_H
#      include <netinet/in.h>
#   endif
#   if HAVE_ARPA_INET_H
#      include <arpa/inet.h>
#   elif defined( SYS_BEOS )
#      include <net/netdb.h>
#   endif
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#   include <netdb.h>
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#   define net_errno errno
#   define net_strerror strerror
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#endif

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# ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
# endif
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/* Portable networking layer communication */
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int net_Socket (vlc_object_t *obj, int family, int socktype, int proto);
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int net_SetupSocket (int fd);
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#define net_Connect(a, b, c, d, e) __net_Connect(VLC_OBJECT(a), b, c, d, e)
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VLC_EXPORT( int, __net_Connect, (vlc_object_t *p_this, const char *psz_host, int i_port, int socktype, int protocol) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int *, net_Listen, (vlc_object_t *p_this, const char *psz_host, int i_port, int family, int socktype, int protocol) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int, net_ListenSingle, (vlc_object_t *p_this, const char *psz_host, int i_port, int family, int socktype, int protocol) );
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#define net_ListenTCP(a, b, c) __net_ListenTCP(VLC_OBJECT(a), b, c)
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#define net_ConnectTCP(a, b, c) __net_ConnectTCP(VLC_OBJECT(a), b, c)

static inline int *__net_ListenTCP (vlc_object_t *obj, const char *host, int port)
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{
    return net_Listen (obj, host, port, AF_UNSPEC, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);
}
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static inline int __net_ConnectTCP (vlc_object_t *obj, const char *host, int port)
{
    return __net_Connect (obj, host, port, SOCK_STREAM, IPPROTO_TCP);
}

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#define net_Accept(a, b, c) __net_Accept(VLC_OBJECT(a), b, c)
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VLC_EXPORT( int, __net_Accept, ( vlc_object_t *, int *, mtime_t ) );
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#define net_ConnectDgram(a, b, c, d, e ) __net_ConnectDgram(VLC_OBJECT(a), b, c, d, e)
VLC_EXPORT( int, __net_ConnectDgram, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, const char *psz_host, int i_port, int hlim, int proto ) );

static inline int net_ConnectUDP (vlc_object_t *obj, const char *host, int port, int hlim)
{
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    return net_ConnectDgram (obj, host, port, hlim, IPPROTO_UDP);
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}
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static inline int net_ListenUDP1 (vlc_object_t *obj, const char *host, int port)
{
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    return net_ListenSingle (obj, host, port, AF_UNSPEC, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);
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}
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#define net_OpenDgram( a, b, c, d, e, g, h ) __net_OpenDgram(VLC_OBJECT(a), b, c, d, e, g, h)
VLC_EXPORT( int, __net_OpenDgram, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, const char *psz_bind, int i_bind, const char *psz_server, int i_server, int family, int proto ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, net_Close, ( int fd ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, net_ListenClose, ( int *fd ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int, net_SetDSCP, ( int fd, uint8_t dscp ) );
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int net_Subscribe (vlc_object_t *obj, int fd, const struct sockaddr *addr,
                   socklen_t addrlen);
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/* Functions to read from or write to the networking layer */
struct virtual_socket_t
{
    void *p_sys;
    int (*pf_recv) ( void *, void *, int );
    int (*pf_send) ( void *, const void *, int );
};

#define net_Read(a,b,c,d,e,f) __net_Read(VLC_OBJECT(a),b,c,d,e,f)
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VLC_EXPORT( ssize_t, __net_Read, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, int fd, const v_socket_t *, uint8_t *p_data, size_t i_data, vlc_bool_t b_retry ) );
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#define net_Select(a,b,c,d,e) __net_Select(VLC_OBJECT(a),b,c,d,e)
VLC_EXPORT( ssize_t, __net_Select, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, const int *pi_fd, int i_fd, uint8_t *p_data, size_t i_data ) );
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#define net_Write(a,b,c,d,e) __net_Write(VLC_OBJECT(a),b,c,d,e)
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VLC_EXPORT( ssize_t, __net_Write, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, int fd, const v_socket_t *, const uint8_t *p_data, size_t i_data ) );
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#define net_Gets(a,b,c) __net_Gets(VLC_OBJECT(a),b,c)
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VLC_EXPORT( char *, __net_Gets, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, int fd, const v_socket_t * ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( ssize_t, net_Printf, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, int fd, const v_socket_t *, const char *psz_fmt, ... ) );
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#define net_vaPrintf(a,b,c,d,e) __net_vaPrintf(VLC_OBJECT(a),b,c,d,e)
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VLC_EXPORT( ssize_t, __net_vaPrintf, ( vlc_object_t *p_this, int fd, const v_socket_t *, const char *psz_fmt, va_list args ) );
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#ifndef HAVE_INET_PTON
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/* only in core, so no need for C++ extern "C" */
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VLC_EXPORT (int, inet_pton, (int af, const char *src, void *dst) );
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#endif

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#ifndef HAVE_INET_NTOP
#ifdef WIN32
/* only in core, so no need for C++ extern "C" */
VLC_EXPORT (const char *, inet_ntop, (int af, const void *src, 
                                      char *dst, socklen_t cnt) );
#endif
#endif

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#ifndef HAVE_POLL
enum
{
    POLLIN=1,
    POLLOUT=2,
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    POLLPRI=4,
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    POLLERR=8,  // unsupported stub
    POLLHUP=16, // unsupported stub
    POLLNVAL=32 // unsupported stub
};

struct pollfd
{
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    int fd;
    int events;
    int revents;
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};

int poll (struct pollfd *fds, unsigned nfds, int timeout);
#endif

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#ifdef WIN32
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/* Microsoft: same semantic, same value, different name... go figure */
# define SHUT_RD SD_RECEIVE
# define SHUT_WR SD_SEND
# define SHUT_BOTH
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# define net_Close( fd ) closesocket ((SOCKET)fd)
#else
# define net_Close( fd ) close (fd)
#endif

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/* Portable network names/addresses resolution layer */

/* GAI error codes */
# ifndef EAI_BADFLAGS
#  define EAI_BADFLAGS -1
# endif
# ifndef EAI_NONAME
#  define EAI_NONAME -2
# endif
# ifndef EAI_AGAIN
#  define EAI_AGAIN -3
# endif
# ifndef EAI_FAIL
#  define EAI_FAIL -4
# endif
# ifndef EAI_NODATA
#  define EAI_NODATA -5
# endif
# ifndef EAI_FAMILY
#  define EAI_FAMILY -6
# endif
# ifndef EAI_SOCKTYPE
#  define EAI_SOCKTYPE -7
# endif
# ifndef EAI_SERVICE
#  define EAI_SERVICE -8
# endif
# ifndef EAI_ADDRFAMILY
#  define EAI_ADDRFAMILY -9
# endif
# ifndef EAI_MEMORY
#  define EAI_MEMORY -10
# endif
# ifndef EAI_SYSTEM
#  define EAI_SYSTEM -11
# endif


# ifndef NI_MAXHOST
#  define NI_MAXHOST 1025
#  define NI_MAXSERV 32
# endif
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# define NI_MAXNUMERICHOST 64
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# ifndef NI_NUMERICHOST
#  define NI_NUMERICHOST 0x01
#  define NI_NUMERICSERV 0x02
#  define NI_NOFQDN      0x04
#  define NI_NAMEREQD    0x08
#  define NI_DGRAM       0x10
# endif

# ifndef HAVE_STRUCT_ADDRINFO
struct addrinfo
{
    int ai_flags;
    int ai_family;
    int ai_socktype;
    int ai_protocol;
    size_t ai_addrlen;
    struct sockaddr *ai_addr;
    char *ai_canonname;
    struct addrinfo *ai_next;
};
#  define AI_PASSIVE     1
#  define AI_CANONNAME   2
#  define AI_NUMERICHOST 4
# endif /* if !HAVE_STRUCT_ADDRINFO */

VLC_EXPORT( const char *, vlc_gai_strerror, ( int ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int, vlc_getnameinfo, ( const struct sockaddr *, int, char *, int, int *, int ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( int, vlc_getaddrinfo, ( vlc_object_t *, const char *, int, const struct addrinfo *, struct addrinfo ** ) );
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VLC_EXPORT( void, vlc_freeaddrinfo, ( struct addrinfo * ) );

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static inline vlc_bool_t
net_SockAddrIsMulticast (const struct sockaddr *addr, socklen_t len)
{
    switch (addr->sa_family)
    {
#ifdef IN_MULTICAST
        case AF_INET:
        {
            struct sockaddr_in *v4 = (struct sockaddr_in *)addr;
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            if ((size_t)len < sizeof (*v4))
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                return VLC_FALSE;
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            return IN_MULTICAST (ntohl (v4->sin_addr.s_addr)) != 0;
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        }
#endif

#ifdef IN6_IS_ADDR_MULTICAST
        case AF_INET6:
        {
            struct sockaddr_in6 *v6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)addr;
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            if ((size_t)len < sizeof (*v6))
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                return VLC_FALSE;
            return IN6_IS_ADDR_MULTICAST (&v6->sin6_addr) != 0;
        }
#endif
    }

    return VLC_FALSE;
}



/**
 * net_AddressIsMulticast
 * @return VLC_FALSE iff the psz_addr does not specify a multicast address,
 * or the address is not a valid address.
 */
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static inline vlc_bool_t net_AddressIsMulticast( vlc_object_t *p_object, const char *psz_addr )
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{
    struct addrinfo hints, *res;

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    memset (&hints, 0, sizeof (hints));
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    hints.ai_socktype = SOCK_DGRAM; /* UDP */
    hints.ai_flags = AI_NUMERICHOST;

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    int i = vlc_getaddrinfo (p_object, psz_addr, 0,
                             &hints, &res);
    if (i)
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    {
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        msg_Err (p_object, "invalid address \"%s\" for net_AddressIsMulticast (%s)",
                 psz_addr, vlc_gai_strerror (i));
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        return VLC_FALSE;
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    }
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    vlc_bool_t b = net_SockAddrIsMulticast (res->ai_addr, res->ai_addrlen);
    vlc_freeaddrinfo (res);
    return b;
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}

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static inline int net_GetSockAddress( int fd, char *address, int *port )
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{
    struct sockaddr_storage addr;
    socklen_t addrlen = sizeof( addr );

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    return getsockname( fd, (struct sockaddr *)&addr, &addrlen )
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        || vlc_getnameinfo( (struct sockaddr *)&addr, addrlen, address,
                            NI_MAXNUMERICHOST, port, NI_NUMERICHOST )
        ? VLC_EGENERIC : 0;
}
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static inline int net_GetPeerAddress( int fd, char *address, int *port )
{
    struct sockaddr_storage addr;
    socklen_t addrlen = sizeof( addr );
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    return getpeername( fd, (struct sockaddr *)&addr, &addrlen )
        || vlc_getnameinfo( (struct sockaddr *)&addr, addrlen, address,
                            NI_MAXNUMERICHOST, port, NI_NUMERICHOST )
        ? VLC_EGENERIC : 0;
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}

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static inline uint16_t net_GetPort (const struct sockaddr *addr)
{
    switch (addr->sa_family)
    {
#ifdef AF_INET6
        case AF_INET6:
            return ((const struct sockaddr_in6 *)addr)->sin6_port;
#endif
        case AF_INET:
            return ((const struct sockaddr_in *)addr)->sin_port;
    }
    return 0;
}

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static inline void net_SetPort (struct sockaddr *addr, uint16_t port)
{
    switch (addr->sa_family)
    {
#ifdef AF_INET6
        case AF_INET6:
            ((struct sockaddr_in6 *)addr)->sin6_port = port;
	    break;
#endif
        case AF_INET:
            ((struct sockaddr_in *)addr)->sin_port = port;
	    break;
    }
}
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# ifdef __cplusplus
}
# endif

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#endif