.gitlab-ci.yml: Add an asan/ubsan configuration

5 jobs for reduce_ci_overhead in 17 minutes and 34 seconds (queued for 1 second)
Status Job ID Name Coverage
  Test
passed #274984
amd64 debian
asan-ubsan

00:11:00

passed #274981
amd64 debian
linux

00:07:08

passed #275007
win32
win32

00:06:32

passed #274983
win64
win64

00:09:05

failed #274982
win32
win32

00:06:07